اسفار کتاب مقدس

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
:چھلانگ بطرف رہنمائی، تلاش

اسفار کتاب مقدس سے مراد وہ تمام کتابیں اور صحائف شامل ہیں جو کتاب مقدس میں شامل ہیں۔ کتاب مقدس دو حصوں میں منقسم ہے، عہد نامہ قدیم اور عہد نامہ جدید۔ عہد نامہ قدیم میں حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام سے پہلے پہلے کے انبیاء کے صحائف اور کتابیں شامل ہیں، عہد نامہ جدید انجیل اور اس کے بعد کے صحائف پر مشتمل ہیں۔

کتب عبرانی بائبل / پرانا عہد نامہ[ترمیم]

Empty table cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon.

تنک
(یہودی بائبل)
(24 کتابیں)[1]
Books in bold are part of the Ketuvim
پروٹسٹنٹ
عہد نامہ قدیم
(39 کتابیں)
کیتھولک
عہد نامہ قدیم
(46 کتابیں)
راسخُ الا عتقاد کلیسا
Old Testament
(51 books)
Original language
تورات
Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses
Bereishit Genesis Genesis Genesis عبرانی
Shemot Exodus Exodus Exodus عبرانی
Vayikra Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus عبرانی
Bamidbar Numbers Numbers Numbers عبرانی
Devarim Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy عبرانی
Nevi'im (Prophets)
Yehoshua Joshua Joshua (Josue) Joshua (Iesous) عبرانی
Shofetim Judges Judges Judges Hebrew
Rut (Ruth)[2] Ruth Ruth Ruth Hebrew
Shemuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel (1 Kings)[3] 1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
2 Samuel 2 Samuel (2 Kings)[3] 2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
Melakhim 1 Kings 1 Kings (3 Kings)[3] 1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
2 Kings 2 Kings (4 Kings)[3] 2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
Divrei Hayamim (Chronicles)[2] 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles (1 Paralipomenon) 1 Chronicles (1 Paralipomenon) Hebrew
2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles (2 Paralipomenon) 2 Chronicles (2 Paralipomenon) Hebrew
1 Esdras Hebrew
Ezra-Nehemiah[2] Ezra Ezra (1 Esdras) Ezra (2 Esdras)[4][5] Hebrew and Aramaic
Nehemiah Nehemiah (2 Esdras) Nehemiah (2 Esdras)[4][5] Hebrew
Tobit (Tobias) Tobit (Tobias) Aramaic (and Hebrew?)
Judith Judith Hebrew
Esther[2] Esther Esther[6] Esther[6] Hebrew
1 Maccabees (1 Machabees)[7] 1 Maccabees Hebrew
2 Maccabees (2 Machabees)[7] 2 Maccabees Greek
3 Maccabees Greek
4 Maccabees[8] Greek
Ketuvim (Writings) Wisdom books
Iyov (Job)[2] Job Job Job Hebrew
Tehillim (Psalms)[2] Psalms Psalms Psalms[9] Hebrew
Prayer of Manasseh Greek
Mishlei (Proverbs)[2] Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs Hebrew
Qoheleth (Ecclesiastes)[2] Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Hebrew
Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs)[2] Song of Solomon Song of Songs (Canticle of Canticles) Song of Songs (Aisma Aismaton) Hebrew
Wisdom Wisdom Greek
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) Sirach Hebrew
Nevi'im (Latter Prophets) Major prophets
Yeshayahu Isaiah Isaiah (Isaias) Isaiah Hebrew
Yirmeyahu Jeremiah Jeremiah (Jeremias) Jeremiah Hebrew and Aramaic
Eikhah (Lamentations)[2] Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations Hebrew
Baruch[10] Baruch[10] Hebrew[11]
Letter of Jeremiah[12] Greek (majority view)[13]
Yekhezqel Ezekiel Ezekiel (Ezechiel) Ezekiel Hebrew
Daniel[2] Daniel Daniel[14] Daniel[14] Hebrew and Aramaic
Twelve Minor Prophets
The Twelve
or
Trei Asar
Hosea Hosea (Osee) Hosea Hebrew
Joel Joel Joel Hebrew
Amos Amos Amos Hebrew
Obadiah Obadiah (Abdias) Obadiah Hebrew
Jonah Jonah (Jonas) Jonah Hebrew
Micah Micah (Micheas) Micah Hebrew
Nahum Nahum Nahum Hebrew
Habakkuk Habakkuk (Habacuc) Habakkuk Hebrew
Zephaniah Zephaniah (Sophonias) Zephaniah Hebrew
Haggai Haggai (Aggeus) Haggai Hebrew
Zechariah Zechariah (Zacharias) Zechariah Hebrew
Malachi Malachi (Malachias) Malachi Hebrew

Several of the books in the Eastern Orthodox canon are also found in the appendix to the Latin Vulgate, formerly the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church.

Books in the Appendix to the Vulgate Bible
Name in Vulgate
Name in Eastern Orthodox use
3 Esdras 1 Esdras
4 Esdras
Prayer of Manasseh Prayer of Manasseh
Psalm of David when he slew Goliath (Psalm 151) Psalm 151

نیا عہد نامہ[ترمیم]

Catholic, E. Orthodox, پروٹسٹنٹ,
and most Oriental Orthodox
Traditional
Luther Bible[N 1]
Syriac
Orthodox
[N 2]
Original language
(Koine Greek)
انجیل
Matthew Matthew Matthew Greek (majority view: see note)[N 3][15][16][17]
Mark Mark Mark Greek
Luke Luke Luke Greek
John John John Greek
Apostolic History
Acts Acts Acts Greek
Pauline epistles
Romans Romans Romans Greek
1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians 1 Corinthians Greek
2 Corinthians 2 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Greek
Galatians Galatians Galatians Greek
Ephesians Ephesians Ephesians Greek
Philippians Philippians Philippians Greek
Colossians Colossians Colossians Greek
1 Thessalonians 1 Thessalonians 1 Thessalonians Greek
2 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians Greek
1 Timothy 1 Timothy 1 Timothy Greek
2 Timothy 2 Timothy 2 Timothy Greek
Titus Titus Titus Greek
Philemon Philemon Philemon Greek
General epistles
Hebrews Hebrews[N 1] Hebrews Greek[18]
James James[N 1] James Greek
1 Peter 1 Peter 1 Peter Greek
2 Peter 2 Peter 2 Peter[N 2] Greek
1 John 1 John 1 John Greek
2 John 2 John 2 John[N 2] Greek
3 John 3 John 3 John[N 2] Greek
Jude Jude[N 1] Jude[N 2] Greek
Apocalypse
Revelation Revelation[N 1] Revelation[N 2] Greek


اسفار کتاب مقدس[ترمیم]


حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. ^ The 24 books of the عبرانیBible are the same as the 39 books of the Protestant Old Testament, only divided and ordered differently: the books of the Minor Prophets are in Christian Bibles twelve different books, and in عبرانیBibles, one book called "The Twelve". Likewise, Christian Bibles divide the Books of Kingdoms into four books, either 1-2 Samuel and 1-2 Kings or 1-4 Kings: Jewish Bibles divide these into two books. The Jews likewise keep 1-2 Chronicles/Paralipomenon as one book. Ezra and Nehemiah are likewise combined in the Jewish Bible, as they are in many Orthodox Bibles, instead of divided into two books, as per the Catholic and Protestant tradition.
  2. ^ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 This book is part of the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 The Latin Vulgate, Douay-Rheims, and Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; other Catholic translations place them after Esther.
  8. ^ In Greek Bibles, 4 Maccabees is found in the appendix.
  9. ^ Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151 and the Prayer of Manasseh, not present in all canons.
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh.
  11. ^ Britannica 1911
  12. ^ Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
  13. ^ Hebrew (minority view); see Letter of Jeremiah for details.
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.
  15. ^ Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, Book 3, Chapter 39.15-16
  16. ^ Hieronymous (St Jerome), Eusebius Sophronius (1999). On Illustrious Men (Fathers of the Church). The Catholic University of America Press. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-8132-0100-9. 
  17. ^ Philip Schaff (editors), Church Fathers; Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson (1994). The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Series II, Volume VI: Jerome, Letters and Select Works. Hendrickson. p. 8000. ISBN 978-1-56563-116-8. 
  18. ^ Contemporary scholars believe the Hebrews to have been written in Greek, though a minority believe it was originally written in Hebrew, then translated into Greek by Luke. See Wikipedia's New Testament article.


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