عددی سابقے

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
:چھلانگ بطرف رہنمائی، تلاش

عددی سابقے (انگریزی: Numeral prefix) سابقے ہیں جوحرفی اعداد یا کبھی کبھار دیگر اعداد سے حاصل کیے جاتے ہیں۔

انگریزی میں عددی سابقوں کا جدول[ترمیم]

عدد لاطینی سابقے یونانی سابقے سنسکرت
لفظی جمع تقسیمی صفاتی لفظی جمع
1/12 unci-  –  –  –
1/6 sextant-  –  –  –  –  –
1/4 quadrant-  –  –  –  –  –
1/3 trient-  –  –  –  –  –
1/2 semi-  – demi-[1]  – hemi-  –  –
3/4 dodrant-  –  –  –  –  –
1 uni- sim-[2] singul- prim- hen-[3] mono-, haplo-[3] eka-
11/4 quasqui-
11/2 sesqui-
2 du- bi-, bis- bin- second- di-, dy-, duo- dis- dvi-
3 tri- ter- tern-, trin- terti- tri- tris- tri-
4 quadri-,
quadru-[4]
quater-[5] quatern-[6] quart-[7] tetra- tetrakis- chatur-
5 quinque-[8]  – quin-[9] quint-[10] penta- pentakis- pancha-
6 sexa-[11]  – sen-[12] sext-[13] hexa- hexakis- shat-
7 septem-,
septi-
septen-[14] septim- hepta- heptakis- sapta-
8 octo-  – octon-[15] octav-[16] ogdo-,
octa-, octo-
octakis- ashta-
9 novem- noven- nona- ennea- enneakis- navam-
10 decem-, dec- den-[17] decim-[18] deca- decakis- dasham-
11 undec- unden-[19] undecim-[20] hendeca- undecakis- ekadasham-
12 duodec- duoden- duodecim- dodeca- dodecakis- dvadasham-
13 tredec-, etc. triskaideca- tridecakis- trayodasham-
14 quattuordec- tetrakaideca- tetradecakis- chaturdasham-
15 quinquadec-, quindec-[21] quinden-[22] quindecim-[23] pentakaideca- pentadecakis- panchadasham-
16 sedec-,[24]
sexdec- (but hexadecimal[11])
hexakaideca-,
hexadeca-
hexadecakis-
17 septendec- heptakaideca-
18 octodec- octakaideca-
19 novemdec-,
novendec-
enneakaideca-
20* viginti- vicen-,
vigen-
vigesim- icosa-, icosi-,
eicosa-
eicosakis-
30 triginti- tricen- trigesim- triaconta-
40 quadraginti- quadragen- quadragesim- tetraconta-
50 quinquaginti-[25] quinquagen-[26] quinquagesim-[27] pentaconta-
60 sexaginti- sexagen- sexagesim- hexaconta-
70 septuaginti- septuagen- septuagesima- heptaconta-
80 octogint- octogen- octogesim- octaconta-  –  –
90 nonagint- nonagen- nonagesim- enneaconta-  –  –
100 centi- centen- centesim- hecato-,
hecatont-
 –  –
200 ducenti- ducen-,
bicenten-
 – diacosioi-  –  –
300 trecenti- trecen-,
tercenten-,
tricenten-
 – triacosioi-  –  –
400 quadringenti- quadringen-,
quatercenten-,
quadricenten-
tetracosioi-  –
500 quingent-,[28]
quincent-[29]
quingen-,[30]
quingenten-,
quincenten-
quingentesim-[31] pentacosioi-  –
600 sescenti-, sexcenti- sescen-,
sexcenten-
hexacosioi-  –
700 septingenti- septingen-,
septingenten-,
septcenten-
heptacosioi-  –
800 octingenti- octingen-,
octingenten-,
octocenten-
 – octacosioi-  –  –
900 nongenti- nongen- enneacosioi-  –  –
1000 milli- millen- millesim- chili-  –  –
10,000  – myria-  –  –
Unspecified (more than one) multi-  – poly-  –

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. ^ Demi- is actually French, from Latin dimidium.
  2. ^ Sim- (sin-) is found in the words simplex, simple.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 The Greek prefix for 'one' is normally mono- 'alone'. Hen- 'one' is only used in compound numbers (hendeka- 11) and a few words like henad (= monad). Haplo- 'single' is found is a few technical words such as haploid.
  4. ^ The forms related to quattuor "four", like the previous three integers, are irregular in Latin and other Indo-European languages, and the details, while presumably a form of assimilation, are unclear. Andrew Sihler, New comparative grammar of Greek and Latin, p. 412, and Carl Darling Buck, Comparative grammar of Greek and Latin. In particular, quadri- has the alternate form quadru- before p in some Latin words, such as quadruple.
  5. ^ "quăter". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D5%3Aentry%3Dquater. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  6. ^ "quăterni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D5%3Aentry%3Dquaterni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ "quartus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dquartus. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ "quinque". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquinque1. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ "quīni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquini. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "quintus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dquintus1. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Sometimes Greek hexa- is used in Latin compounds, such as hexadecimal, due to taboo avoidance with the English word sex.
  12. ^ "sēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dseni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ "sextus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dsextus1. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ "septēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dsepteni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  15. ^ "octōni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Doctoni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  16. ^ "octāvus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Doctavus. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  17. ^ "dēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Ddeni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  18. ^ "dĕcĭmus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Ddecimus1. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  19. ^ "undēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DU%3Aentry+group%3D4%3Aentry%3Dundeni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  20. ^ "undĕcĭmus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dundecimus. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  21. ^ "quindĕcim". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquindecim. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  22. ^ "quindēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquindeni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  23. ^ "quindĕcĭmus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquindecimus. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  24. ^ "sēdĕcim". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dsedecim. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  25. ^ "quinquāginta". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquinquaginta. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  26. ^ "quinquāgēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquinquageni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  27. ^ "quinquāgēsĭmus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquinquagesimus. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  28. ^ "quingenti". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquingenti. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  29. ^ "quincenti". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquincenti. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  30. ^ "quingēni". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquingeni. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  31. ^ "quingentēsĭmus". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aalphabetic+letter%3DQ%3Aentry+group%3D7%3Aentry%3Dquingentesimus. Retrieved 2011-05-14.