معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے مینڈارن

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
:چھلانگ بطرف رہنمائی، تلاش

درج ذیل جدول بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ (IPA) کی معیاری چینی کے مطابق نمائندگی کرتے ہیں۔


حروف صحیح
IPA پنین انگریزین تقریبا
ɕ x she
f f fan
j y-, -i- you
k g skim
kʰ k cup
l l leaf
m m moon
n n-, -n noon
ŋ -ng song
p b span
pʰ p pan
ɻ -r area (ends syllable)
s s see
ʂ sh show; Russian Ш
t d stand
tʰ t tan
j itchy
ʰ q cheer
ts z pizza
tsʰ c tsunami (with t pronounced)
zh pitcher
ʰ ch church
w w-, -u- water
x h loch (Scottish English)
ɥ yu-, -ü-[lower-alpha 1] (simultaneous y and w); French nuit
ʐ r- pleasure; Russian Ж
حروف علت
IPA پنین انگریزین تقریبا
a a (a, an) roughly like cat
ɑ a (ang), e (er) car
ɛ e (ye), a (yan, yuan, ian) yes
œ e (yue) roughly like bird; German ö
ə e (en[lower-alpha 2]) about
ɤ e (eng) roughly like Am.eng. sir
i yi/-i (yi, yin, ying) see
ɨ i (si, zi, ci, shi, zhi, chi, ri) glasses[lower-alpha 3]
ɔ o (wo, bo, po, mo, fo) war
u wu/-u shoe
ʊ o (ong) hook
y yu/-ü[lower-alpha 1] (yu, yun) somewhat like few; French tu
ادغام
ai bye
ɑʊ ao now
ei[lower-alpha 2] day
ou[lower-alpha 2] no
انفی حروف علت

[lower-alpha 4]

ɑ̃ ang (angr) roughly like croissant
ə̃ eng (engr) roughly like uh-huh
ʊ̃ ong (ongr) roughly like own
لب و لہجه
بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ پنین تفصیل
ǎ ɤ̌ á, é mid rising: ˧˥
â ɤ̂ à, è high falling: ˥˩
á ɤ́ ā, ē high: ˥
à, ɤ̀ ǎ, ě medially, low: ˩
initially, mid falling: ˧˩
finally, low rising: ˩˧
in isolation, dipping: ˧˩˧
a, ɤ a, e "toneless":
low after the high falling tone ˥˩ and the high tone ˥ ;
mid after all other tones

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]


ملاحظات[ترمیم]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 ü ([y], [ɥ]) is spelled u after j, q, x as [u], [w] cannot occur after these consonants.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 wei, you, wen are spelled ui, iu, un respectively in pinyin, but pronounced identically, when preceded by a consonant.
  3. ^ Slightly "buzzing" vowels, and the frication of the preceding consonant may continue through the vowel. In si, zi, ci, the vowel may be a further back [ɯ].
  4. ^ Only occurs in erhua and generally not considered part of the main vowel inventory.