جرمن سلطنت

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
یہاں جائیں: رہنمائی، تلاش کریں
جرمن سلطنت
German Realm
Deutsches Reich
1871–1918
Horizontal tricolor (black, white, red) Shield containing a black, one-headed, rightward-looking eagle with red beak, tongue and claws. On its breast is a shield with another eagle. Over its head is an imperial crown with two crossing ribbons.
پرچم شاہی نشان
شعار
Gott mit uns
"God with us"
ترانہ
(none official)
"Heil dir im Siegerkranz" (Imperial)
"Deutschlandlied" (popular)
"Die Wacht am Rhein" (Unofficial)
Located in north central Europe, containing modern Germany plus much of modern Poland
Territory of the German Empire in 1914, before پہلی جنگ عظیم
دارالحکومت برلن
زبانیں سرکاری زبان:
جرمن زبان
غیر سرکاری اقلیتی زبانیں:
ڈینش زبان, فرانسیسی, يادش, Sorbian, پولش زبان, فریسیائی, لتھواینین زبان
نوآبادیاتی زبانیں: بنتو زبانیں, Oshiwambo, ايفريکانز, سواحلی زبان
(افریقی نوآبادیاں) Tsingtao & مینڈارن
(Tsingtao & Jiaozhou bay)
پاپوائی زبانیں (جرمن نیو گنی)
سموان زبان
(جرمن ساموا)
مذہب پروٹسٹنٹ ≈ 60%
رومن کیتھولک ≈ 39%
یہودیت ≈ 1%
حکومت وفاقی بادشاہت
شہنشاہ
 - 1871–1888 ولیم اول
 - 1888 فریڈرک سوم
 - 1888–1918 ولیم دوم
چانسلر
 - 1871–1890 اوٹو وان بسمارک (اول)
 - 1918 فریڈرک البرٹ (آخر)
مقننہ Reichstag
 - Federal Council Bundesrat
تاریخی دور نیا سامراج, پہلی جنگ عظیم
 - متحد جرمنی 18 جنوری 1871
 - آئین منظور 16 اپریل 1871
 - پہلی جنگ عظیم 28 July 1914
 - جرمن انقلاب 9 نومبر 1918
 - امن 11 نومبر 1918
 - ولیم دوم تاج سے دستبرداری 18 نومبر 1918
 - معاہدۂ ورسائے 28 June 1919
رقبہ
 - 1910 540,857.54 مربع کلومیٹر (208,826 مربع میل)
آبادی
 - 1871 تخمینہ 40,050,790 
 - 1890 تخمینہ 49,428,470 
 - 1910 تخمینہ 64,925,993 
     کثافت 120 /مربع کلومیٹر  (310.9 /مربع میل)
سکہ Vereinsthaler,
South German Gulden, Bremen Thaler,
Hamburg Mark,
فرانسیسی فرانک,
(until 1873, together)
German Goldmark,
(1873–1914)
German Papiermark
(1914–1918)
جانشین
پیشرو
مملکت پرشیا
شمالی جرمن اتحاد
مملکت بویریا
مملکت وورٹمبرگ
Grand Duchy of Baden
Grand Duchy of Hesse
Alsace-Lorraine
Weimar Republic
Republic of Alsace-Lorraine
Free City of Danzig
Second Polish Republic
Klaipėda Region
Saar (League of Nations)
Hlučín Region
Northern Schleswig
Eupen-Malmedy
موجودہ ممالک Flag of Belgium.svg بلجئیم
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg چیک جمہوریہ
Flag of Denmark.svg ڈنمارک
Flag of France.svg فرانس
Flag of Germany.svg جرمنی
Flag of Lithuania.svg لتھووینیا
Flag of Poland.svg پولینڈ
Flag of Russia.svg روس
Area and population not including colonial possessions
Area source:[1] Population source:[2]

^ a. The term "reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people. The term "Kaiserreich" literally denotes an empire – particularly a hereditary empire led by a literal emperor, though "reich" has been used in German to denote the رومی سلطنت because it has a weak hereditary tradition. In the case of the German Empire, the official name was Deutsches Reich that is properly translated as "German Realm" because the official position of head of state in the constitution of the German Empire was officially a "presidency" of a confederation of German states led by the King of Prussia who would assume "the title of German Emperor" as referring to the German people but was not emperor of Germany as in an emperor of a state.[3]
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

جرمن سلطنت (german empire) (جرمن: Deutsches Kaiserreich) سلطنت (Deutsches Reich) کا عام نام ہے۔ [4][5][6][7]

جرمن سلطنت 27 علاقوں پر مشتمل تھی۔ (اکثر میں شاہی خاندان حکمران تھا)۔ مملکت پرشیا جرمن سلطنت کے تقریبا دو تہائی علاقے پر مشتمل تھی۔

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. "German Empire: administrative subdivision and municipalities, 1900 to 1910" (German زبان میں)۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 25 April 2007۔ 
  2. "Population statistics of the German Empire, 1871" (German زبان میں)۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 25 April 2007۔ 
  3. Harper's magazine, Volume 63. Pp. 593.
  4. "German constitution of 1871" ((جرمن زبان میں) زبان میں)۔ De.wikisource.org۔ 16 March 2011۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2 April 2011۔ 
  5. Harper's magazine, Volume 63. Pp. 593. The term "reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people, the term "Kaiserreich" literally denotes an empire – particularly a hereditary empire led by a literal emperor, though "reich" has been used in German to denote the رومی سلطنت because it has a weak hereditary tradition. In the case of the German Empire, the official name was Deutsches Reich that is properly translated as "German Realm" because the official position of head of state in the constitution of the German Empire was officially a "presidency" of a confederation of German states led by the King of Prussia who would assume "the title of German Emperor" as referring to the German people but was not emperor of Germany as in an emperor of a state.
  6. World Book, Inc. The World Book dictionary, Volume 1. World Book, Inc., 2003. Pp. 572. States that Deutsches Reich translates as "German Realm" that was a former official name of the Germany.
  7. Joseph Whitaker. Whitaker's almanack, 1991. J Whitaker & Sons, 1990. Pp. 765. Refers to the term Deutsches Reich being translated in English as "German Realm", up to and including the Nazi period.
Karte Deutsches Reich, Verwaltungsgliederung 1900-01-01.png