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Carbon,  6C
Diamond-and-graphite-with-scale.jpg
General properties
Appearance Clear (diamond), black (graphite)
Carbon in the دوری جدول
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)
-

C

Si
boroncarbonnitrogen
جوہری عدد (Z) 6
Group, period group 14 (carbon group), period 2
Block p-block
Standard atomic weight (Ar) 12.0107
برقی تشکیل 1s2 2s2 2p2 or [He] 2s2 2p2
Electrons per shell
2,4
Physical properties
Phase Solid
عمل تصعید 3915 K ​(3642 °C, ​6588 °F)
کثافت near درجہ حرارت کمرہ amorphous:[1] 1.8 - 2.1 g/cm3
graphite: 2.267 g/cm3
diamond: 3.515 g/cm3
نقطۂ ثلاثیہ 4600 K, ​10800[2][3] kPa
سخانۂ ائتلاف 117 (graphite) جول فی مول
Molar heat capacity 8.517(graphite),
6.155(diamond) J/(mol·K)
Atomic properties
تکسیدی عددs 4, 3 [4], 2, 1 [5], 0, -1, -2, -3, -4[6]
برقی منفیت Pauling scale: 2.55
تائین توانائی
(more)
Covalent radius 77(sp³), 73(sp²), 69(sp) پیکومیٹر
وانڈروال رداس 170 pm
Miscellanea
آواز کی رفتار thin rod 18350 (diamond) m/s (at 20 °C)
حرارتی پھیلاؤ 0.8 (diamond) [7] µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
حر ایصالیت 119-165 (graphite)
900-2300 (diamond) W/(m·K)
مقناطیسیت diamagnetic[8]
Young's modulus 1050 (diamond) [7] GPa
Shear modulus 478 (diamond) [7] GPa
Bulk modulus 442 (diamond) [7] GPa
Poisson ratio 0.1 (diamond) [7]
موس پیمانہ 1-2 (Graphite)
10 (Diamond)
کیمیائی شعبۂ اخلاص اندراجی عدد 7440-44-0
Main isotopes of carbon
ہم جا Abun­dance ہاف لائف (t1/2) اشعاعی تنزل Pro­duct

15

12C 98.9% 6 تعدیلوں کیساتھ C مستحکم ہے
13C 1.1% 7 تعدیلوں کیساتھ C مستحکم ہے
14C trace 5730 y بیٹا تنزل 0.156 14N
| references | in Wikidata

حوالہ جات

درج ذیل حوالہ جات کی فہرست مضامین میں نظر نہیں آئے گی۔
  1. Chemical Rubber Company Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 59th Edition, CRC Press, Inc, 1979
  2. Haaland, D (1976). "Graphite-liquid-vapor triple point pressure and the density of liquid carbon☆☆☆". Carbon 14: 357. doi:10.1016/0008-6223(76)90010-5. 
  3. Savvatimskiy, A (2005). "Measurements of the melting point of graphite and the properties of liquid carbon (a review for 1963–2003)". Carbon 43: 1115. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2004.12.027. 
  4. "Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of the System of CP" (پی‌ڈی‌ایف)۔ اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 2007-12-06۔
  5. "Fourier Transform Spectroscopy of the Electronic Transition of the Jet-Cooled CCI Free Radical" (پی‌ڈی‌ایف)۔ اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 2007-12-06۔
  6. "Carbon: Binary compounds"۔ اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 2007-12-06۔
  7. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ http://www.ioffe.ru/SVA/NSM/Semicond/Diamond
  8. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81th edition, CRC press.