سانچہ:Citation Style documentation

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استعمال[ترمیم]

Citation Style 1 سانچوں کے لیے موافق اور ہم آہنگ دستاویزی صفحات تخلیق کرنے کے لیے یہ سانچہ استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔

مثال کے طور پر: {{Citation Style documentation|author}} مصنف کی دستاویز ظاہر کرے گا۔

جب دستاویز کا کوئی مخصوص قطعہ یا ٹکڑا ایک خاص سانچے میں مناسب نہ بیٹھتا ہو تو خود ہی متن شامل کرنے پر اکتفا کیجیے یا ایک نیا ضمنی سانچہ تخلیق کیجیے۔

متن کا ہر ماڈیول ایک ضمنی سانچہ ہوتا ہے جس میں ربط کا استعمال کرتے ہوئے ترمیم کی جاسکتی ہے۔

استعمالِ قطعہ[ترمیم]

جب آپ دستاویزی سانچے تخلیق کر رہے ہوں تو قطعات اور مواد کی درج ذیل ترتیب اپنائیے:

  • راہنمائی: سانچے کے مقصد کا مختصر بیان
  • استعمال: خالی مقداروں (پیرامیٹر) کے چند نمونے جنھیں نقل اور چسپاں کیا جاسکے
  • مثالیں: متعدد استعمال کی مثالیں
  • مقداریں (پیرامیٹر): ہر مقدار کی تفصیلی وضاحت
    • نحو: سانچے کی نحو کا جائزہ
    • ناپسندیدہ: ناپسندیدہ مقداروں کی فہرست
    • کوائف: مقداروں کے کوائف جو درج ذیل عمومی ترتیب میں بلحاظ عمل علاحدہ ہوں:
      • مصنفین
      • عنوان
      • تاریخ
      • مطبع
      • طباعت، سلسلہ، جلد
      • مآخد میں جگہ
      • URL
      • Anchor
      • شناخت کنندگان
      • اقتباس
      • مدیر
      • پوشیدہ خلاصہ
      • اختیارات دکھائیں

Lead section[ترمیم]

Use {{csdoc|lead|content}} to create consistent content for the lead:

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

اس Citation Style 1 سانچے کو citations تخلیق کرنے کے لیے استعمال کریں۔

یہاں کے اختیارات:

One unnamed parameter is used to create the trailing text.

مارک اپ بطور نتیجہ
{{csdoc|lead|books}}

اس Citation Style 1 سانچے کو citations books تخلیق کرنے کے لیے استعمال کریں۔

Lua notice[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

Usage section[ترمیم]

Start the usage section with {{csdoc|usage}}:

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.

Parameters to copy are enclosed in tables created by sub-templates.

Full horizontal style[ترمیم]

  • Start with {{csdoc|usage full}}
  • Precede the sample markup with : to create an indent
  • Enclose the sample in <code><nowiki>...</nowiki></code>
  • Close the table with {{end}}
{{csdoc|usage full}}
:<code><nowiki>{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |display-authors= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}</nowiki></code>
{{end}}
Full parameter set in horizontal format
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |display-authors= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}

Most commonly used horizontal style[ترمیم]

  • Start with {{csdoc|usage common}}
  • Precede the sample markup with : to create an indent
  • Enclose the sample in <code><nowiki>...</nowiki></code>
  • Close the table with {{end}}
{{csdoc|usage common}}
:<code><nowiki>{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |title= |url= |accessdate= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages=}}</nowiki></code>
{{end}}
Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |title= |url= |accessdate= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages=}}

Full vertical style[ترمیم]

The full vertical style is created in three columns: Vertical list, Prerequisites and Brief instructions / notes.

  • Start with:
{{csdoc|usage vertical}}
<pre style="margin:0px;">
  • Create the vertical list column
  • Separate the next column with:
</pre>
{{csdoc|usage vertical mid}}
<pre style="margin:0px;">
  • Create the prerequisites column; blank lines must include a &nbsp;
  • Separate the next column with:
</pre>
{{csdoc|usage vertical mid}}
<pre style="margin:0px;">
  • Create the instructions column; blank lines must include a &nbsp;
  • End with:
</pre>
{{csdoc|usage vertical end}}

Example:

{{csdoc|usage vertical}}
<pre style="margin:0px;">
{{cite book
| last                  =
| first                 =
| authorlink            =
}}
</pre>
{{csdoc|usage vertical mid}}
<pre style="margin:0px;">
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
last
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
</pre>
{{csdoc|usage vertical mid}}
<pre style="margin:0px;">
&nbsp;
same as last1
same as first1
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
</pre>
{{csdoc|usage vertical end}}
Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes
{{cite book
| last                  =
| first                 =
| authorlink            =
}}
 
 
last
 
 
 
same as last1
same as first1
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Sub-templates[ترمیم]

Usage[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page. |}

Usage full[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

Full parameter set in horizontal format

Usage common[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

Usage vertical[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

Full parameter set in vertical format
Vertical list Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes

Usage vertical mid[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

| style="vertical-align:top;" | |}

Usage vertical end[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

|}

  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples section[ترمیم]

Use {{markup2}} to format the examples; see the template documentation for use.

{{markup2 |t=Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition
|m={{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
|r={{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
}}

Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition
*{{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}

Mysterious book. 

Parameters section[ترمیم]

syntax[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

پیوستہ پیرا میٹر، یہ اپنے اصلی پیرا میٹرز (منبع) پر انحصار کرتے ہیں:

  • منبع
  • یا: منبع2—اسے منبع کی جگہ استعمال کیا جاسکتا ہے
    • شاخ—کے ساتھ منبع استعمال کیا جا سکتا ہے (اور اگر منبع کا استعمال نہیں کیا جاتا تو اسے نظر انداز کر دیا جاتا ہے)
    • یا: شاخ2—کی بجائے شاخ استعمال کیا جا سکتا ہے (اور اگر منبع2 کا استعمال نہیں کیا جاتا تو اسے نظر انداز کر دیا جاتا ہے)
جہاں عرفی نام درج کر رہے ہوں، صرف پیرامیٹرز میں سے ایک تعریف یوں کی جا سکتی ہے; ایک سے زیادہ عرفی نام پیرامیٹرز کی وضاحت کر رہے ہوں تو، پھر صرف ایک ہی دکھائے گا۔

coins[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See: Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template, is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

sep_period[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.).

sep_comma[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a comma (,).

required[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

This parameter is required and will generate an error if not defined. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.

deprecated[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]



یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • |date2=yes adds:
    • date2
    • month2
    • year2

author[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn, but not the other way around). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, author1-link, authorlink.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
    • name-list-style: accepts a limited list of keywords as value; when set to amp, ampersand, or &, inserts an ampersand between the last two names in a name list; when set to and, inserts the conjunction 'and' between the last two names of a name list; when set to vancdisplays name lists in Vancouver style when the lists use the last/first forms of name parameters.
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses. End with etal if appropriate:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corp.)), etal
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn, but not the other way around). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or قوسین حوالہ styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • |coauthors=yes adds "coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors."
  • |others=yes adds "others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "Illustrated by Smith" or "Trans. Smith"."
  • |aliases= add aliases for last.
  • lua: When set, changes descriptions to update Lua versions.

editor[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • editor-last: surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last1, editor1-last, editor-surname, editor-surname1, editor1-surname, editor, editor1.
    • editor: This parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single editor (first and last), or the name of an editorial committee. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one editor.
    • editor-first: given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first1, editor1-first, editor-given, editor-given1, editor1-given.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-last1, editor-first1 through editor-lastn, editor-firstn (Aliases: editorn-last, editor-surnamen or editorn-surname; editorn-first, editor-givenn or editorn-given; editorn). For an individual editor plus an institutional editor, you can use |editor-first1=...|editor-last1=... |editor2=....
    • editor-link: title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link1.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-link1 through editor-linkn (alias editorn-link).
    • name-list-style: accepts a limited list of keywords as value; when set to amp, ampersand, or &, inserts an ampersand between the last two names in a name list; when set to and, inserts the conjunction 'and' between the last two names of a name list; when set to vancdisplays name lists in Vancouver style when the lists use the last/first forms of name parameters.
  • veditors: comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses. End with etal if appropriate:
    |veditors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corp.)), etal
    • editor-linkn and editor-maskn may be used for the individual names in |veditors=, as described above
  • Display:
    Use display-editors to control the length of the displayed editor name list and to specify when "et al." is included.
    If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
    If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • lua: When set, changes descriptions to update Lua versions.

title[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

(See also Help:Citation Style 1 § Titles and chapters.)

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, use title to hold a Romanization (if available) of the title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based script (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, etc.); not italicized, follows italicized Romanization defined in title (if present). Must be prefixed with one of the supported language codes to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will not display and link correctly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
سانچہ:Bracket &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

یہاں کے اختیارات:


title_title sets the display title:

  • encyclopedia = encyclopedia
  • default = title

web[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • title: Title of source page on website. Displays in quotes. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc); follows transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
نئی سطر [ ] |
خالی جگہ (سپیس) &#91; &#93; &#124;
This parameter is required and will generate an error if not defined. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • website: Title of website; may be wikilinked. Displays in italics. Aliases: work

chapter[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes. If script-chapter is defined, use chapter to hold a Romanization (if available) of the title in script-chapter
    • script-chapter: Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based script (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, etc); follows Romanization defined in chapter (if present). Must be prefixed with one of the supported language codes to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |chapter=Tōkyō tawā |script-chapter=ja:東京タワー |trans-chapter=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • contribution: A separately-authored part of author's book. May be wikilinked or may use contribution-url, but not both. Values of Afterword, Foreword, Introduction, or Preface will display unquoted; any other value will display in quotation marks. The author of the contribution is given in contributor.

یہاں کے اختیارات:


title_format sets the display format:

  • italics = Displays in italics.
  • work = If work is defined, then title is displayed in quotes, else displays in italics.
  • default = Displays in quotes.

title_title sets the display title:

  • booktitle = booktitle
  • default = chapter

type[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • قسم: ذرائع ابلاغ کے مآخذ کےمتعلق اضافی معلومات مہیا کرتا ہے; جملے کی صورت میں۔ عنوان مندرجہ ذیل قوسین میں دکھاتا ہے۔ مثالیں: مقالات، کتابچہ، سی ڈی لائنر، خبری اعلامیہ۔

یہاں کے اختیارات:


  • type_default: Adds "Defaults to type_default"

journal[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • work (required by {{cite journal}} and {{cite magazine}}): Name of the work containing the source; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. If the name of the periodical changed over time use the name at the time of the source's publication. If script-work is defined, use work to hold a Romanization (if available) of the title in script-work Aliases: journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical, website. Use لاطینی رسم الخط. For languages written in non-Latin based scripts (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Indic, Japanese, Korean, etc.) use a standard Romanization in this field.
    • script-work: Work title in its original, non-Latin script; not italicized, follows italicized Romanization defined in work (if present). Must be prefixed with one of the supported language codes to help browsers properly display the script. Leave empty for Latin-based scripts (Czech, French, Turkish, Vietnamese, etc.). Aliases: script-journal, script-newspaper, script-magazine, script-periodical, script-website.
    • trans-work: English translation of the work title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after work or script-work. Aliases: trans-journal, trans-newspaper, trans-magazine, trans-periodical, trans-website.
      ... |work=Zhōngguó piàofáng |script-work=zh:中国票房 |trans-work=China Box Office ...
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically. Alias: number. When the issue has a special title of its own, this may be given, in italics, along with the issue number, e.g. |issue=2, ''Modern Canadian Literature''. Please choose either |issue= or |number= depending on what is used in the actual publication. If a publication carries both, issue and number designations (typically one being a year-relative and the other an absolute value), provide them both, for example |issue=2 #143. Displayed in parentheses following volume.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters in the same citation:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter does not display (and will produce an error message).

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • department adds:
  • department: Regular department within the periodical. Displays after work and is in plain text.

edition[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.

series[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.

series_episode[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • series: The name of the series the episode belongs to; may be wikilinked.
    • series-link: Wikilink to an existing Wikipedia article.

event[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • event: Event where the speech was given.

agency[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

volume[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volume numbers should be entered just as a numeral (e.g. 37). Volume values that are wholly digits, wholly uppercase Roman numerals, or fewer than five characters will appear in bold. Any alphanumeric value of five or more characters will not appear in bold. In rare cases, publications carry both, an ongoing volume and a year-related value; if so, provide them both, for example |volume=IV / #10.

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • lua: When set, changes descriptions to update Lua versions.

date[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.سانچہ:Sfn] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF سانچہ:Sfn.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904.
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • aliases includes aliases for date
  • began adds:
  • OR: began: Full date the first part of the program or episode aired.
    • AND: ended: Full date the last part of the program or episode aired.

publisher[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/publisher

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • |work=no suppresses "; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses"
  • |map=yes changes:
    • publisher: Name of publisher. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g., a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Displays before title. Do not wikilink—use publisher-link instead.
    • publisher-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the publisher—not the publisher's website; do not wikilink.

newsgroup[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • newsgroup: Name of newsgroup; a link is automatically created; do not wikilink.

language[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • زبان: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use templates.

pages[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/pages

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • work adds "or work (or an alias) is defined"

time[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/time

id1[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use an as applicable. For example, |id=NCJ 122967 will append "NCJ 122967" at the end of the citation. You can use templates such as |id={{NCJ|122967}} to append NCJ 122967 instead.

id2[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

The following identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. |rfc=822 or |pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: آرکائیو (سائنس) identifier; for example: |arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or |arxiv=0706.0001 (April 2007 – December 2014) or |arxiv=1501.00001 (since January 2015). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html". Aliases: eprint.
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn. Because this link favours one specific distributor, include it only if standard identifiers are not available. Example |asin=B00005N5PF. Aliases: ASIN.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: . Aliases: none.
  • bibcode: بب کوڈ; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H. Aliases: none.
  • biorxiv: bioRxiv id, as in the entire DOI (e.g. 10.1101/078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or https://doi.org/10.1101/078733; 10.1101/2020.07.24.220400 for https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.24.220400). Aliases: none.
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341). Aliases: none.
  • doi: ڈی او آئی; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.). Aliases: DOI.
    • Supports accept-this-as-written markup to indicate valid DOIs using a non-standard format, see below.
    • doi-broken: Date a valid DOI was found to be non-working/inactive at https://doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Aliases: doi-broken-date, doi-inactive-date.
  • eissn: بین الاقوامی معیاری سلسلہ نمبر for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space; example |eissn=1557-2986. Aliases: EISSN.
    • Supports accept-this-as-written markup to indicate valid eISSNs using a non-standard format, see below.
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet; example |hdl=20.1000/100. Aliases: HDL.
  • isbn: بین الاقوامی معیاری کتابی عدد; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Hyphens in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, use . Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Aliases: ISBN, isbn13, ISBN13.
    • Supports accept-this-as-written markup to indicate valid ISBNs using a non-standard format, see below.
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Aliases: ISMN.
  • issn: بین الاقوامی معیاری سلسلہ نمبر; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space; example |issn=2049-3630. Aliases: ISSN.
    • Supports accept-this-as-written markup to indicate valid ISSNs using a non-standard format, see below.
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik; do not include "JFM" in the value; example |jfm=53.0144.01. Aliases: JFM.
  • jstor: جے اسٹور reference number; for example: |jstor=3793107. Aliases: JSTOR.
  • LCCN: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case and without a space; example |lccn=79-57364 or |lccn=2004042477 or |lccn=e09001178. Aliases: lccn.
  • MR: Mathematical Reviews; example |mr=630583. Aliases: mr.
  • OCLC: او سی ایل سی for looking up publications in the WorldCat union catalog; example |oclc=9355469. Aliases: oclc.
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value; example |ol=7030731M. Aliases: OL.
  • OSTI: Office of Scientific and Technical Information; example |osti=4367507. Aliases: osti.
  • PMC: PubMed Central; use article number for open repository full-text of a journal article, e.g. |pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the PMID parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.. Aliases: pmc.
    • embargo: Date that PMC goes live; if this date is in the future, then PMC is not linked until that date. Aliases: none.
  • PMID: پب میڈ; use unique identifier; example |pmid=17322060 See also the PMC parameter, above; these are two different identifiers. Aliases: pmid.
  • RFC: Request for Comments; example |rfc=3143. Aliases: rfc.
  • : بین الاقوامی معیاری کتابی عدد; example |sbn=356-02201-3. Aliases: .
    • Supports accept-this-as-written markup to indicate valid SBNs using a non-standard format, see below.
  • SSRN: Social Science Research Network; example |ssrn=1900856. Aliases: ssrn.
  • : Semantic Scholar corpus ID; example |s2cid=37220927. Aliases: .
  • ZBL: Zentralblatt MATH; example |zbl=0472.53010 For zbMATH search results like JFM 35.0387.02 use |jfm=35.0387.02. Aliases: zbl.

In very rare cases, valid identifiers (f.e., as actually printed on publications) do not follow their defined standard format or use non-conforming checksums, which would typically cause an error message to be shown. Do not alter them to match a different checksum. In order to suppress the error message, some identifiers (|doi=, |eissn=, |isbn=, |issn=, and |sbn=) support a special accept-this-as-written markup which can be applied to disable the error-checking (as |<param>=((<value>))). If the problem is down to a mere typographical error in a third-party source, correct the identifier value instead of overriding the error message.

For some identifiers, it is possible to specify the access status using the corresponding |<param>-access= parameter.

For {{cite journal}}, some identifiers (specifying free resources) will automatically be linked to the title when |url= and |title-link= are not used to specify a different link target. This behaviour can be overridden by one out of a number of special keywords for |title-link= to manually select a specific source (|title-link=pmc or |title-link=doi) for auto-linking or to disable the feature (|title-link=none).

It is not necessary to specify a URL to a link identical to a link also produced by an identifier. The |url= parameter (or |title-link=) can then be used for providing a direct deep link to the corresponding document or a ویکیپیڈیا:حوالہ دہی to a resource that would not otherwise be obviously accessible.

url[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... See WP:PAGELINKS. Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com.
    • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date 1] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, access-date is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but should be used for links to news articles on commercial websites (these can change from time to time, even if they are also published in a physical medium). Note that access-date is the date that the URL was checked to not just be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors. Alias: accessdate.
    • archive-url: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and انٹرنیٹ آرکائیو (see Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archive-date and url. Alias: archiveurl.
      • archive-date: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date 1] Do not wikilink. Alias: archivedate.
      • dead-url: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |dead-url=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end. When the original url has been usurped for the purposes of spam, advertising, or is otherwise unsuitable, setting |dead-url=unfit or |dead-url=usurped will not link to the original url in the rendered citation; |url= is still required. Other accepted values are y, yes, or true. Alias: deadurl.
    • template-doc-demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into one of the subcategories of Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Automatically added when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7b %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ ا ب Access-date and archive-date in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

یہاں کے اختیارات:


  • pmc adds:

" If url is not defined but pmc is, then url is set to the pmc link.

  • Embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this is in the future, then url is not set to the pmc link until that date."

chapterurl[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • chapter-url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication named by chapter or contribution can be found. Cannot be used if those parameters are wikilinked. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. Aliases: contribution-url, section-url.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

lay[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • lay-url: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • lay-source: Name of the source of the lay summary. Displays in italics and preceded by a spaced endash.
    • lay-date: Date of the lay summary. Displays in parentheses.
    • lay-format: File format of the work referred to by lay-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after lay summary. HTML is implied and should not be specified. File format annotation is automatically rendered when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add file format information for the visually impaired. See Using |format=

quote[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation. If script-quote is defined, use quote to hold a Romanization (if available) of the text in script-quote.
    • script-quote: Original quotation for languages that do not use a Latin-based script (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, etc.); not italicized, follows italicized Romanization defined in quote (if available). Alias: none. Must be prefixed with one of the supported language codes to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |quote=Tōkyō tawā |script-quote=ja:東京タワー |trans-quote=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-quote: English translation of the quotation if the source quoted is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets. Alias: none.
  • quote-page: The number of a single page quoted in |quote=. Use either |quote-page= or |quote-pages=, but not both. Should be a subset of the page(s) specified in |page=, |pages= or |at=. Displays preceded by p. unless |no-pp=yes. If hyphenated, use {{hyphen}} to indicate this is intentional (e.g. |quote-page=3{{hyphen}}12). Alias: none.
  • OR: quote-pages: A list or range of pages quoted in |quote=. Use either |quote-page= or |quote-pages=, but not both. Should be a subset of the pages specified in |pages= or |at=. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,). Displays preceded by pp. unless |no-pp=yes is defined. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate because individual page numbers contain hyphens, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use double parentheses to tell the template to display the value of |quote-pages= without processing it, and use {{hyphen}} to indicate to editors that a hyphen is really intended: |quote-pages=((3{{hyphen}}1{{ndash}}3{{hyphen}}15)). Alias: none.

یہاں کے اختیارات:

  • |cs2=yes suppresses "When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation."

ref[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

ref2[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

display[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as Shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To control the displayed number of author names, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, the only the first eight cited authors are displayed; subsequent authors beyond eight are represented in the published citation by "et al." If a citation contains nine author names and one wishes all nine author names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • lastauthoramp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |lastauthoramp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

یہاں کے اختیارات:


  • cs2: When set, changes:
    • postscript to "defaults to none"
    • separator to "Defaults to a comma (,)"
  • lua: When set, changes descriptions to update Lua versions.

Subscription or registration required[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

map_series[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/map series

map_pages[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/map pages

interview_id[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/interview id

interview_author[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/interview author

interview_interviewer[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/interview interviewer

album_name[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/album name

season[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/season

network[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/network

transcript[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/transcript

conference[ترمیم]

[ترمیم ذیلی سانچہ]

سانچہ:Citation Style documentation/conference