افریقہ کے عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ مقامات کی فہرست

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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A map of World Heritage Sites in Africa as of 2010. The northern, eastern, and southern parts of the continent are relatively dense with sites; in contrast the western coast is home to relatively few.
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مقام تصویر جگہ یونیسکو عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ رقبہ
ہیکٹر (ایکڑ)
سال تفصیل
Aapravasi Ghat A picture of four rectangular stone structures a few feet high, laid against a wall of a larger height. Mauritiusپورٹ لوئس ضلع,
Flag of Mauritius.svg موریشس
20°09′31″S 57°30′11″E / 20.158611°S 57.503056°E / -20.158611; 57.503056 (Aapravasi Ghat)
ثقافتی:MauritiusAap
(vi)
0.16 (0.40) 2006 Aapravasi Ghat was the first site chosen by the British government to take part in the "Great Experiment", where indentured laborers were used instead of slaves. Between 1834 and 1920, almost half a million contracted workers passed through پورٹ لوئس from India, either to work in Mauritius or to transfer to other British colonies.[1]
ابو میناIn danger EgyAbusir,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
30°50′28″N 29°39′47″E / 30.84098°N 29.663117°E / 30.84098; 29.663117 (Abu Mena)
ثقافتی:EgyAbu
(iv)
182 (450) 1979 The ruins of the former Christian holy city contain a church, a baptistery, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses, and workshops, and were built over the tomb of Menas of Alexandria.[2] The World Heritage Committee designated Abu Mena as an endangered site in 2001, due to cave-ins in the area caused by the clay at the surface, which becomes semi-liquid when met with "excess water".[3]
Air and Ténéré Natural ReservesIn danger A picture of a large, depressed area of sand to the right and a mountain range in the background. Relatively small vehicles are parked alongside the massive hole. Niger1ارلیت محکمہ,
Flag of Niger.svg نائجر
18°N 9°E / 18°N 9°E / 18; 9 (Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves)
قدرتی:Niger1Air
(vii), (ix), (x)
7,736,000 (19,120,000) 1991 Africa's largest protected area, located in the Saharan desert of Ténéré, consists of the volcanic rock mass of Aïr and a small isolated ساحلian pocket with unique flora and fauna.[4] The natural reserve was placed on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992, due to the increase in military conflicts and the hostage-taking of six reserve staff in February. Removal from this list was considered in 1999, but as of 2011, its position remains unchanged.[5][6]
Aksum A large site containing several very high tombs. Ethتیگراے علاقہ,
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
14°07′49″N 38°43′07″E / 14.130190°N 38.718605°E / 14.130190; 38.718605 (Aksum)
ثقافتی:EthAks
(i), (iv)
1980 The ruins of the city of Aksum, dating from the 1st to the 13th century, mark the heart of ancient Ethiopia and what was the "most powerful state between the Eastern Roman Empire and Persia". It includes monolithic obelisks, giant stelae، royal tombs, and ruins of former castles.[7]
Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad A picture of a deteriorating stone wall spanning the frame, with a blue sky in the background. Algماڈیڈ,
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
35°49′06″N 4°47′13″E / 35.818440°N 4.786840°E / 35.818440; 4.786840 (Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad)
ثقافتی:AlgAlq
(iii)
150 (370) 1980 The fortified first capital of the Hammadid emirs was originally built in 1007 and demolished in 1152. It features an 8-bay, 13-aisle mosque, which is one of the largest in Algeria.[8]
Aldabra Atoll A satellite view of a bare, triangle-shaped island surrounded completely by water. Seyالدابرا گروپ,
Flag of Seychelles.svg سیچیلیس
9°25′00″S 46°25′00″E / 9.416681°S 46.41665°E / -9.416681; 46.41665 (Aldabra Atoll)
قدرتی:SeyAld
(vii), (ix), (x)
35,000 (86,000) 1982 The Aldabra Atoll consists of four large coral islands and a lagoon, surrounded by a coral reef. The islands are home to the world's largest population of giant tortoises.[9]
الجم A picture of a large stone building, with several framed openings meant to resemble windows. Tunالجم،
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
35°17′47″N 10°42′25″E / 35.296390°N 10.706940°E / 35.296390; 10.706940 (Amphitheatre of El Jem)
ثقافتی:TunEld
(iv), (vi)
1979 The Amphitheatre of El Jem, built during the 3rd century, is North Africa's largest amphitheatre, and the largest one built outside of Italy, with a capacity of 35,000 spectators, and "illustrates the grandeur and extent of Imperial Rome."[10]
Ancient Ksour of وادان, شنقیط, تیشیت and ولاتہ A picture of a tall stone and medieval looking tower, surrounded by buildings constructed with the same material. Mauritaniaشنقیط,
وادان,
ولاتہ,
and تیشیت،
Flag of Mauritania.svg موریتانیہ
20°55′44″N 11°37′25″W / 20.928890°N 11.623610°W / 20.928890; -11.623610 (Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata)
ثقافتی:MauAnc
(iii), (iv), (v)
1996 "Founded in the 11th and 12th centuries to serve the caravans crossing the Sahara, these trading and religious centres became focal points of Islamic culture. [...] Typically, houses with patios crowd along narrow streets around a mosque with a square minaret. They illustrate a traditional way of life centred on the nomadic culture of the people of the western Sahara."[11]
طيبہ with its Necropolis A picture of a ruined temple; outer buildings to the left remain erected, but the wall in the foreground and other stone beams have crumbled. Egyقنا,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
25°44′00″N 32°36′00″E / 25.733330°N 32.600000°E / 25.733330; 32.600000 (Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis)
ثقافتی:EgyAnc
(i), (iii), (vi)
7,390 (18,300) 1979 The former capital of Egypt and city of the Egyptian god آمون contains relics from the height of قدیم مصر. The temples, palaces and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens bear "a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization." [12]
قرطاج A picture of several deteriorating stone structures, with two thin cylindrical towers of varying heights standing to the left of the background. Tunتونس شہر,
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
36°51′10″N 10°19′24″E / 36.852780°N 10.323330°E / 36.852780; 10.323330 (Archaeological Site of Carthage)
ثقافتی:TunArc
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1979 Founded in the 9th century BCE, Carthage was developed into a trading empire spanning the بحیرہ روم, and was, according to UNESCO, "home to a brilliant civilization." The city was destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the hands of the Romans, but was later rebuilt by these.[13]
Archaeological Site of Cyrene A picture of a demolished city, located on a cliff looking out to the right. A relatively larger building's beams in the middle of the city continue to stand without a roof. LibJebel Akhdar,
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
32°49′30″N 21°51′30″E / 32.825000°N 21.858330°E / 32.825000; 21.858330 (Archaeological Site of Cyrene)
ثقافتی:LibArc
(ii), (iii), (vi)
1982 The formerly Greek colony was قدیم روم and transformed into a capital, until it was destroyed by an earthquake in 365. The thousand-year-old ruins have remained renowned since the 18th century.[14]
لبدہ کبری A picture of a large and square-shaped stone monument with a visible entrance on every side. Libخمس، لیبیا,
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
32°38′18″N 14°17′35″E / 32.638330°N 14.293060°E / 32.638330; 14.293060 (Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna)
ثقافتی:LibArc
(i), (ii), (iii)
1982 The Roman city of Leptis Magna was enlarged by Emperor Septimius Severus، who was born there. Public monuments, a harbour, a marketplace, storehouses, shops, and homes were among the reasons for its induction into the list.[15]
صبراتہ A side view of a large building to the right, with stone, cylindrical pillars running along its front. Libصبراتہ،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
32°48′19″N 12°29′06″E / 32.805280°N 12.485000°E / 32.805280; 12.485000 (Archaeological Site of Sabratha)
ثقافتی:LibArc
(iii)
1982 "A Phoenician trading-post that served as an outlet for the products of the African hinterland, Sabratha was part of the short-lived Numidian Kingdom of Massinissa before being Romanized and rebuilt in the 2nd and 3rd centuries."[16]
ولیلی A picture of a rectangular building whose back side has been demolished. A green mountain range fills the background. Morمکناس,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
34°04′26″N 5°33′25″W / 34.073890°N 5.556940°W / 34.073890; -5.556940 (Archaeological Site of Volubilis)
ثقافتی:MorArc
(ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
42 (100) 1997 The important Roman outpost of Volubilis was founded in the 3rd century BCE to become the capital of موریتانیہ. It contained many buildings, the remains of which have survived extensively to this day.[17]
Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe An aerial view of a dozen pyramids in relatively bad shape in the foreground, and a deserted view in the background. Sudمرواہ,
Flag of Sudan.svg سوڈان
16°56′00″N 33°43′00″E / 16.933333°N 33.716667°E / 16.933333; 33.716667 (Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe)
ثقافتی:SudArc
(ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
2,357 (5,820) 2011 The site was the centre of the مملکت کوش، a major force active from the 8th century BCE to the 4th century CE. It is home to pyramids, temples, and domestic buildings, among other vestiges.[18]
Asante Traditional Buildings A blank map of a rectangular-looking country with a red dot in the south-west marking the location of the site. Ghaکوماسی,
Flag of Ghana.svg گھانا
6°24′04″N 1°37′33″W / 6.401111°N 1.625833°W / 6.401111; -1.625833 (Asante Traditional Buildings)
ثقافتی:GhaAsa
(v)
1980 The site, north-east of کوماسی, hosts the final intact remains of the سلطنت اشانتی، which peaked in the 18th century. The dwellings, which are made of earth, wood, and straw, are susceptible to the damages caused by the "onslaught of time and weather."[19]
Banc d'Arguin National Park A front view of four small ships, without their sails, overlooking the Atlantic Ocean in the background. Three narrow shoals fill the foreground. MauritaniaAzefal
and نواذیبو,
Flag of Mauritania.svg موریتانیہ
20°14′05″N 16°06′32″W / 20.234720°N 16.108890°W / 20.234720; -16.108890 (Banc d'Arguin National Park)
قدرتی:MauBan
(ix), (x)
1,200,000 (3,000,000) 1989 The park consists of sand dunes, coastal swamps, small islands, and shallow bodies of water; all bordering the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Birds are often found to migrate in the area, accompanied by various species of sea turtles and dolphins, whose presence fishermen often use to attract fish.[20]
Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes A Bedik village with a traditional house and two women working. SenFlag of Senegal.svg سینیگال
12°35′36″N 12°50′45″W / 12.593333°N 12.845833°W / 12.593333; -12.845833 (Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes)
ثقافتی:SenBas
(iii), (v), (vi)
50,309 (124,320) 2012 [21]
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park A view inside of a dense forest with a gorilla roaming a few metres away on its hind legs. Ugandaکابالے ضلع,
کیسورو ضلع,
and روکونگیری ضلع,
Flag of Uganda.svg یوگنڈا
1°04′50″S 29°39′41″E / 1.080556°S 29.661389°E / -1.080556; 29.661389 (Bwindi Impenetrable National Park)
قدرتی:UgandaBwi
(vii), (x)
32,092 (79,300) 1994 Located on the border of plain and mountain forests, the park in south-western Uganda is home to over 160 species of trees, over a hundred species of ferns, and various species of birds and butterflies. Many endangered species are within its boundaries as well, including the mountain gorilla.[22]
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas A view of a forest in the foreground, with a mountain range in the background. Souمشرقی کیپ
and مغربی کیپ،
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
34°21′40″S 18°28′30″E / 34.361111°S 18.475000°E / -34.361111; 18.475000 (Cape Floral Region Protected Areas)
قدرتی:SouCap
(ix), (x)
553,000 (1,370,000) 2004 The site consists of eight protected areas that are among the richest in plant life worldwide, containing nearly 20% of Africa's total flora. Its scientific value is demonstrated by the presence of fire and radiation adaptivity in plants and seed dispersal by insects.[23]
Chongoni Rock-Art Area A picture of various red markings on a stone wall. MalawiDedza District,
Flag of Malawi.svg ملاوی
14°17′36″S 34°16′45″E / 14.293333°S 34.279167°E / -14.293333; 34.279167 (Chongoni Rock-Art Area)
ثقافتی:MalawiCho
(iii), (vi)
12,640 (31,200) 2006 The 127-site area contains the richest concentration of rock art in Central Africa, ranging from پتھر کا دور paintings to contemporary work from farmers. The symbols depicted in the rock art are strongly centred around women, and retain a cultural significance for the Chewa.[24]
Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande A picture of a small monument in front of a large, crooked tree, with a row of small houses in the background. CapeRibeira Grande،
Flag of Cape Verde.svg کیپ ورڈی
14°54′55″N 23°36′19″W / 14.915139°N 23.605194°W / 14.915139; -23.605194 (Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande)
ثقافتی:CapeCid
(ii), (iii), (vi)
209 (520) 2009 The town, south of the island of Santiago, was the first European colonial outpost in the tropics, with remains dating back to the 16th century. Two churches, a royal fortress, and Pillary Square help comprise the tropical town's original street layout.[25]
Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) A view of a small, grassy field in front of a row of trees. A large ledge made of rock fills the background while a small waterfall emerges from the centre-left of its top. Maliباندیاگارا سرکل،
Flag of Mali.svg مالی
14°20′00″N 3°25′00″W / 14.333330°N 3.416670°W / 14.333330; -3.416670 (Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons))
Mixed:MaliCli
(v), (vii)
327,390 (809,000) 1989 The sandy plateau and cliffs of Bandiagara outline the site, featuring houses, granaries, altars, sanctuaries, and Togu-Na meeting-places. Age-old social traditions such as masks, feasts, rituals, and ancestral worship also add to its cultural significance.[26]
Comoé National ParkIn danger A bushbuck stands in a calm river browsing on the thick vegetation along the shore. CoteZanzan,
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg آئیوری کوسٹ
9°N 4°E / 9°N 4°E / 9; 4 (Comoé National Park)
قدرتی:CotCom
(ix), (x)
1,150,000 (2,800,000) 1983 Among the largest protected sites of West Africa, the park features the Comoé River and the unique flora which accompanies it.[27] The site was placed on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger in 2003, due to unrest in Côte d'Ivoire, and various other factors such as poaching, wildfires, lack of proper management of the site, and overgrazing.[28]
Dja Faunal Reserve A long but narrow boat floats on a wide river, with a dense forest bordering the side. Cameجا اے کوبو
and اوت نیونگ,
Flag of Cameroon.svg کیمرون
3°N 13°E / 3°N 13°E / 3; 13 (Dja Faunal Reserve)
قدرتی:CameDja
(ix), (x)
526,000 (1,300,000) 1987 Among Africa's largest and best protected rain forests, the Cameroonian reserve is almost completely surrounded by the Dja River and contains 107 mammal species, of which five are threatened.[29]
Djémila A large stone staircase in the foreground leads down to a ruined building, overlooking a panoramic view of several mountains and valleys. Algسطیف,
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
36°19′14″N 5°44′12″E / 36.320560°N 5.736670°E / 36.320560; 5.736670 (Djémila)
ثقافتی:AlgDje
(iii), (iv)
30 (74) 1982 The ruins of a Roman town in a mountainous location, including a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and houses, each adapted to a location 900 میٹر (3,000 فٹ) above sea level.[30]
Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary A very small grassy island cramped with white, long-beaked pelicans. Senسینٹ-لوئیس علاقہ,
Flag of Senegal.svg سینیگال
16°30′00″N 16°10′00″W / 16.500000°N 16.166670°W / 16.500000; -16.166670 (Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary)
قدرتی:SenDjo
(vii), (x)
16,000 (40,000) 1981 The دریائے سینیگال delta wetland area consists of streams, lakes, ponds and backwaters. It is the home to 1.5 million birds, including the great white pelican, the purple heron, the African spoonbill, the great egret, and کارمورنٹs. The sanctuary also features crocodiles, African manatees, and other typical ساحلian species.[31]
Dougga / Thugga A set of stone seats laid out in a semi-circle to the left overlook a restored stage made up of similar materials to the right. A view of grassy plains precede a wide, mountainous range. TunBeباجا,
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
36°25′25″N 9°13′13″E / 36.423610°N 9.220280°E / 36.423610; 9.220280 (Dougga/Thugga)
ثقافتی:TunDou
(ii), (iii)
70 (170) 1997 The site features the ruins of Dougga, a former capital of a لیبیاn–Punic state, which flourished under قدیم روم and the بازنطینی سلطنت, but declined in the اسلامی عہدِ زریں.[32]
Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda A view of a wide river in the foreground, with a single dirt mountain surrounded by trees in the background. Gabاوگوئی اویندو صوبہ
and اوگوئی لولو صوبہ،
Flag of Gabon.svg گیبون
0°30′N 11°30′E / 0.5°N 11.5°E / 0.5; 11.5 (Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda)
Mixed:GabLop
(iii), (iv),
(ix), (x)
491,291 (1,214,010) 2007 The park features well-preserved tropical rain forests and savanna, resulting in a diverse ecosystem consisting of endangered, large mammals.[33]
Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region A picture of a four-storey stone castle surrounded by a grassy lawn and four cylindrical towers. Ethامہارا علاقہ,
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
12°36′25″N 37°27′58″E / 12.606920°N 37.466170°E / 12.606920; 37.466170 (Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region)
ثقافتی:EthFas
(ii), (iii)
1979 The fortress was the residence of the Ethiopian emperors during the 16th and 17th century. The city remains, which feature buildings with Hindu and مسلم فن تعمیر influences, were later remodelled with Baroque-style architecture by Jesuit missionaries.[34]
Fort Jesus, Mombasa A fortified, but badly-faded yellow-coloured wall looks off into distant sea to the left. Kenممباسا,
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا
4°03′46″S 39°40′46″E / 4.062778°S 39.679444°E / -4.062778; 39.679444 (Fort Jesus, Mombasa)
ثقافتی:KenLak
(i), (iv)
161,485 (399,040) 2011 Fort Jesus is a پرتگال fort built from 1593 to 1596 on Mombasa Island to guard the old port of Mombasa, Kenya. The site's layout follows the نشاۃ ثانیہ ideal that the human body is perfectly proportionate.[35]
Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions A picture taken in foggy weather depicting a white, contemporary building several storeys high. Ghaوسطی علاقہ (گھانا),
عظیم اکرا علاقہ,
وولٹا علاقہ,
and مغربی علاقہ (گھانا)،
Flag of Ghana.svg گھانا
5°14′51″N 0°47′07″W / 5.247398°N 0.785167°W / 5.247398; -0.785167 (Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions)
ثقافتی:GhaFor
(vi)
1979 The site features the remains of fortified trading posts, built along the Ghanaian coast between 1482 and 1786.[36]
Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa[ا] A picture of dozens of pointed limestone formations hanging from a ceiling inside a cave. Southگاؤتنگ,
لیمپوپو,
and شمال مغربی (جنوبی افریقی صوبہ)،
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
24°09′31″S 29°10′37″E / 24.158610°S 29.176940°E / -24.158610; 29.176940 (Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa)
ثقافتی:SouthCra
(iii), (vi)
1999 The various fossil sites contain traces of human occupation and evolution dating 3.3 million years.[37]
Garajonay National Park A foggy picture of a rain forest riddled with weeds and various plant life. Spaلا گومیرا,
Flag of Spain.svg ہسپانیہ
28°07′34″N 17°14′14″W / 28.126250°N 17.237222°W / 28.126250; -17.237222 (Garajonay National Park)
قدرتی:SpaGara
(vii), (ix)
3,984 (9,840) 1986 Most of the park, in the middle of the island of La Gomera of the جزائر کناری, is covered with a lush laurel forest.[38]
Garamba National ParkIn danger An overhead and cloudy view of a wide, swampy river with grassy plains on both sides. Demاورینتال صوبہ,
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو
4°00′N 29°15′E / 4°N 29.25°E / 4; 29.25 (Garamba National Park)
قدرتی:DemGar
(vii), (x)
500,000 (1,200,000) 1980 The park has vast savannas, grasslands and woodland, featuring elephants, giraffes, hippopotamuses and the سفید گینڈا.[39] Garamba was deemed to be endangered following the diminution of the white rhinoceros population in the area,[40] but it was removed from the list in 1991.[41] However, it later regained the status in 1996, when three rangers were killed and the population of white rhinoceros fell once again.[42][43]
Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region A large, square-shaped mound made up of dirt and rock in the middle of a deserted area. Sudمرواہ,
Flag of Sudan.svg سوڈان
18°32′00″N 31°49′00″E / 18.533333°N 31.816667°E / 18.533333; 31.816667 (Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region)
ثقافتی:SudGeb
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv), (vi)
183 (450) 2003 The five sites in the دریائے نیل feature temples that are testimonial to the Napatan and Meroitic cultures.[44]
Gough and Inaccessible Islands A large rock in the distance is surrounded by a dampened and partially snowy field. Uniسینٹ ہلینا، اسینشن و ترسٹان دا کونیا,
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg مملکت متحدہ
40°19′29″S 9°55′43″W / 40.324722°S 9.928611°W / -40.324722; -9.928611 (Gough and Inaccessible Islands)
قدرتی:UniGou
(vii), (x)
7,900 (20,000) 1995 The site represent one of the least-disrupted islands and marine ecosystems in the North Temperate Zone. The cliffs are free of introduced mammals and feature one of the world's largest colonies of seabirds.[45]
Great Zimbabwe National Monument A picture of a semi-spherically shaped stone enclosure sitting in front of a larger wall. Zimماسونگو صوبہ,
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg زمبابوے
20°17′00″S 30°56′00″E / 20.283333°S 30.933333°E / -20.283333; 30.933333 (Great Zimbabwe National Monument)
ثقافتی:ZimGre
(i), (iii), (vi)
722 (1,780) 1986 The city, now in ruins, was an important trading center between the 11th and 15th centuries, and was capital of the Bantu civilization.[46]
ہرار The Harar city wall (jugol). Ethہراری علاقہ،
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
9°18′32″N 42°08′16″E / 9.308889°N 42.137778°E / 9.308889; 42.137778 (Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town)
ثقافتی:EthHar
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (v)
48 (120) 2006 The city is on a plateau and surrounded by gorges and savanna. It contains 82 mosques, 102 shrines, and unique interior design in the townhouses. It is said to be the fourth-holiest city of Islam.[47]
Historic Cairo A front view of a large, white building standing behind a thin palm tree. Egyقاہرہ,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.050000°N 31.261110°E / 30.050000; 31.261110 (Historic Cairo)
ثقافتی:EgyHis
(i), (v), (vi)
524 (1,290) 1979 One of the world's oldest Islamic cities and in the middle of urban Cairo, the site dates from the 10th century and reached its golden age in the 14th century. It contains mosques, madrasah, ترکی حمام and fountains.[48]
Historic Centre of Agadez Niger1تچیروزیرینے محکمہ،
Flag of Niger.svg نائجر
16°58′25″N 7°59′29″E / 16.973611°N 7.991389°E / 16.973611; 7.991389 (Historic Centre of Agadez)
ثقافتی:Niger1Aga
(ii), (iii)
78 (190) 2013 [49]
مکناس A picture of a large gate several metres high covered with various abstract designs. Morمکناس،
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
33°53′00″N 5°33′30″W / 33.883330°N 5.558330°W / 33.883330; -5.558330 (Historic City of Meknes)
ثقافتی:MorHis
(iv)
1996 The former capital was founded in the 11th century and turned into a city with Spanish-Moorish influence during the 17th and 18th centuries.[50]
Historic Town of Grand-Bassam A picture of an old home with large vegetation growing out of it, its structure slightly caving inward. Coteجنوبی کوموے،
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg آئیوری کوسٹ
5°11′45″N 3°44′11″W / 5.195914°N 3.736369°W / 5.195914; -3.736369 (Historic Town of Grand-Bassam)
ثقافتی:CotSud
(iii), (iv)
110 (270) 2012 A colonial town built during the 19th and 20th centuries, Grand-Bassam was the first Ivorian capital following French rule in the region. Its quarters, which specialised in commerce, administration and general housing, helped the city become the economic and judicial hub of the country, in addition to being its most important port.[51]
Ichkeul National Park A view of two large hills and a small beach, partially obstructed from the left by a larger vegetated hill. TunBiبنزرت,
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
37°09′49″N 9°40′29″E / 37.163610°N 9.674720°E / 37.163610; 9.674720 (Ichkeul National Park)
قدرتی:TunIch
(x)
12,600 (31,000) 1980 Ichkeul Lake and the surrounding wetlands is a destination for hundreds of thousands of migrating birds, including ducks, geese, storks and pink flamingos. It was once part of a chain that extended across North Africa.[52]
iSimangaliso Wetland Park A view of a large bed of water near sunset. Onshore to the right is a small shack made of a thin material elevated with wooden poles. Southکوازولو نیٹل,
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
27°50′20″S 32°33′00″E / 27.838890°S 32.550000°E / -27.838890; 32.550000 (iSimangaliso Wetland Park)
قدرتی:SouthiSi
(vii), (ix), (x)
239,566 (591,980) 1999 The park features a variety of landforms, including مرجانی جل پتھرs, long sandy beaches, coastal dunes, lake systems, and papyrus wetland, caused by fluvial, marine and aeolian processes.[53]
Island of Gorée A picture with a beige dock in the foreground and a multicoloured city in the background. Senڈاکار علاقہ،
Flag of Senegal.svg سینیگال
14°40′02″N 17°24′03″W / 14.667220°N 17.400830°W / 14.667220; -17.400830 (Island of Gorée)
ثقافتی:SenIslandofGor
(vi)
1978 The island was the largest slave-trading center on the African coast from the 15th to the 19th century.[54]
Island of Mozambique Several small boats float onshore. A white church with a red roof stands several metres away up a sandy path. MozNampula،
Flag of Mozambique.svg موزمبیق
15°02′03″S 40°44′09″E / 15.034170°S 40.735830°E / -15.034170; 40.735830 (Island of Mozambique)
ثقافتی:MozIsl
(iv), (vi)
1991 The fortified former Portuguese trading post has used the same architectural techniques, style, and materials since the 16th century.[55]
Island of Saint-Louis A somewhat narrow street runs straight between several lightly coloured buildings. Senسینٹ-لوئیس علاقہ,
Flag of Senegal.svg سینیگال
16°01′40″N 16°30′16″W / 16.027780°N 16.504440°W / 16.027780; -16.504440 (Island of Saint-Louis)
ثقافتی:SenIslandofSai
(ii), (iv)
2000 The French colonial settlement from the 17th century is on an island in the mouth of the دریائے سینیگال. It played an important role in the culture and economy of West Africa.[56]
Kahuzi-Biega National ParkIn danger A gorilla eating in a shrub. Demمانیما
and جنوبی کیوو,
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو
2°30′N 28°45′E / 2.5°N 28.75°E / 2.5; 28.75 (Kahuzi-Biega National Park)
قدرتی:DemKah
(x)
600,000 (1,500,000) 1980 The park is dominated by two extinct volcanoes, Kahuzi and Biega. It also has abundant fauna, including the graueria gorillas.[57] The park was deemed to be endangered in 1997 when deforestation and hunting became a major problem. Militia groups and illegal settlers were also settling in the park, while fire and poaching helped justify the World Heritage Committee's decision.[58]
قیروان A picture with a dozen stone tombs, all of which are enclosed within a large wall. A large tower stands behind the wall several stories high. Tunقیروان,
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
35°40′54″N 10°06′14″E / 35.681670°N 10.103890°E / 35.681670; 10.103890 (Kairouan)
ثقافتی:TunKai
(i), (ii),
(iii), (v), (vi)
1988 The former capital was founded in 670 and flourished in the 9th century. Its heritage includes the جامع القیروان الاکبر and the Mosque of the Three Gates.[59]
قصبہ، الجزائر A skyline of a moderately large city, coloured mostly in white. Algالجزائر شہر,
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
36°47′00″N 3°03′37″E / 36.783330°N 3.060280°E / 36.783330; 3.060280 (Kasbah of Algiers)
ثقافتی:AlgKas
(ii), (v)
60 (150) 1992 A unique Islamic city on the بحیرہ روم coast, the former site overlooks the قرطاج trading posts of the 4th century BCE. It contains remains of a citadel, old mosques, and Ottoman-style palaces.[60]
Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley An aerial view of a large, grassy plain by the water. A small road zigzags through the field. Kenرفٹ ویلی صوبہ,
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا
0°26′33″N 36°14′24″E / 0.442500°N 36.240000°E / 0.442500; 36.240000 (Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley)
قدرتی:KenLak
(viii), (x)
161,485 (399,040) 2011 Located in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya, the site features three lakes: Lake Bogoria, Lake Nakuru and Lake Elementaita. A highly diverse population of birds, including thirteen threatened species, frequent the area.[61][62]
Khami Ruins National Monument A black and white photo of a partially ruined wall from above. ZimMatabeleland،
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg زمبابوے
20°09′30″S 28°22′36″E / 20.158333°S 28.376667°E / -20.158333; 28.376667 (Khami Ruins National Monument)
ثقافتی:ZimKha
(iii), (iv)
1986 The city was built after the mid-16th century and was an important trading center.[63]
Kilimanjaro National Park An aerial view of a large mountain's peak, encircled by many thick white clouds. Tanکلیمنجارو علاقہ,
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
3°04′00″S 37°22′00″E / 3.066670°S 37.366670°E / -3.066670; 37.366670 (Kilimanjaro National Park)
قدرتی:TanKil
(vii)
75,575 (186,750) 1987 The volcanic massif کلیمنجارو is Africa's highest point at 5,895 میٹر (19,341 فٹ)، and is surrounded by a park with savanna and forest featuring numerous mammals.[64]
Kondoa Rock-Art Sites TanKondoa district,
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
4°43′28″S 35°50′02″E / 4.724444°S 35.833889°E / -4.724444; 35.833889 (Kondoa Rock-Art Sites)
ثقافتی:TanKon
(iii), (vi)
233,600 (577,000) 2006 Two millennia of rock carving, many of high artistic value, have been found at 150 shelters in the site. They tell the tale of socio-economic development from hunter-gatherer to agro-pastoralism.[65]
Konso Cultural Landscape A Konso Waga sculpture. Ethجنوبی اقوام، قومیتیں، اور عوامی علاقہ،
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
5°18′N 37°24′E / 5.3°N 37.4°E / 5.3; 37.4 (Konso Cultural Landscape)
ثقافتی:EthKon
(iii), (v)
14,000 (35,000) 2011 The site features 55 کلومیٹر (180,000 فٹ) of stonewalled terraces and fortified settlements in the Konso highlands of Ethiopia.[66]
Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba A picture of a large hut resembling a castle, in front of several trees. Togکارا علاقہ,
Flag of Togo.svg ٹوگو
10°04′00″N 1°08′00″E / 10.066667°N 1.133333°E / 10.066667; 1.133333 (Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba)
ثقافتی:TogKou
(v), (vi)
50,000 (120,000) 2004 The Batammariba's mud tower houses have become a symbol of Togo. They range up to two stories and feature spherical granaries.[67]
آیت بن حدو A distant view of a monotonous city on a very slanted hill. Morآیت بن حدو,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
31°02′50″N 7°07′44″W / 31.047220°N 7.128890°W / 31.047220; -7.128890 (Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou)
ثقافتی:MorKsa
(iv), (v)
3 (7.4) 1987 The ksar is an example of a traditional pre-Saharan habitat, surrounded by high walls and reinforced with corner towers.[68]
Kunta Kinteh Island and Related Sites[ب] A distant view of very small island home to several thin trees, a brown dock, and a partially obstructed brown shack. Gambبانجول,
Lower Niumi,
and Upper Niumi,
Flag of The Gambia.svg گیمبیا
13°18′58″N 16°21′26″W / 13.316166°N 16.357194°W / 13.316166; -16.357194 (Kunta Kinteh Island and Related Sites)
ثقافتی:GamJam
(iii), (vi)
8 (20) 2003 The site is a testimony to the encounters between Africa and Europe from pre-colonial times to independence along the دریائے گمبیا.[69]
Lake Malawi National Park Several children are playing beneath a very large tree. A large, uninhabited island is surrounded by water in the background. MalawiCentral Region
and Southern Region,
Flag of Malawi.svg ملاوی
14°02′00″S 34°53′00″E / 14.033330°S 34.883330°E / -14.033330; 34.883330 (Lake Malawi National Park)
قدرتی:MalawiLak
(vii), (ix), (x)
9,400 (23,000) 1984 جھیل ملاوی contains hundreds of fish species, mostly endemic.[70]
Lakes of Ounianga A lake in a desert area, surrounded by sandstone formations. Chadانیدی علاقہ،
Flag of Chad.svg چاڈ
19°03′18″N 20°30′20″E / 19.055000°N 20.505556°E / 19.055000; 20.505556 (Lakes of Ounianga)
قدرتی:ChadOun
(vii)
62,808 (155,200) 2012 The Lakes of Ounianga are a series of 18 lakes located in the Sahara desert, in North-Eastern Chad. They exhibit a variety of sizes, depths, chemical compositions and colorations, and some of them are home to aquatic fauna.[71]
Lake Turkana National Parks A view of a wide river separating two landmasses, on the left and right. Kenجھیل ٹرکانا,
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا
3°03′05″N 36°30′13″E / 3.051306°N 36.503667°E / 3.051306; 36.503667 (Lake Turkana National Parks)
قدرتی:KenLak
(viii), (x)
161,485 (399,040) 1997 Turkana, as Africa's largest نمکین پانی lake, is an important area for the study of fauna and flora. It is a breeding ground for the Nile crocodile, دریائی گھوڑا and several venomous snakes.[72]
Lamu Old Town An aerial view of a path (that doubles as a wharf) along the coast of a large body of water. KenLamu,
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا
2°16′05″S 40°54′07″E / 2.268°S 40.902°E / -2.268; 40.902 (Lamu Old Town)
ثقافتی:KenLam
(ii), (iv), (vi)
16 (40) 2001 The town is the oldest Swahili settlement, and is built in coral stone and mangrove timber. It features inner courtyards, verandas, and elaborate wooden doors.[73]
Laurisilva of Madeira A foggy picture of the top of a very dense forest. Porمادیعیرا,
Flag of Portugal.svg پرتگال
32°46′00″N 17°00′00″W / 32.766667°N 17°W / 32.766667; -17 (Laurisilva of Madeira)
قدرتی:PorLau
(ix), (x)
15,000 (37,000) 1999 The site is the largest surviving area of laurel forest. It consists of approximately 90% old-growth forest and is home to endemic species such as the Madeiran long-toed pigeon.[74]
Le Morne Cultural Landscape An aerial view of a sandspit, home to a large, pointy boulder. Shallow water surrounds its sides, while the sea covers its backside. Mauritiusریویر نوار ضلع،
Flag of Mauritius.svg موریشس
20°27′07″S 57°19′42″E / 20.451944°S 57.328333°E / -20.451944; 57.328333 (Le Morne Cultural Landscape)
ثقافتی:MauritiusLem
(iii), (vi)
349 (860) 2008 The rugged mountain that juts into the ocean was used as a shelter by runaway slaves through the 18th and early 19th centuries. They formed small settlements in the caves and on its summit.[75]
Lower Valley of the Awash A picture of a waterfall to the right, shooting water into the side of a rapid flowing river. Ethافار علاقہ,
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
11°06′00″N 40°34′46″E / 11.100060°N 40.579390°E / 11.100060; 40.579390 (Lower Valley of the Awash)
ثقافتی:EthLow
(ii), (iii), (iv)
1980 Palaentological findings from at least four million years ago, such as Lucy، give evidence of human evolution.[76]
Lower Valley of the Omo The Omo River near Omorati. Ethجنوبی اقوام، قومیتیں، اور عوامی علاقہ,
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
4°48′00″N 35°58′00″E / 4.8°N 35.966667°E / 4.8; 35.966667 (Lower Valley of the Omo)
ثقافتی:EthLow
(iii), (iv)
1980 The prehistoric site near جھیل ٹرکانا is the location of many fossil findings, such as Homo gracilis.[77]
M'Zab Valley A panoramic view of a large city, with sand dunes filling the background. Algغرادیہ,
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
32°29′00″N 3°41′00″E / 32.483330°N 3.683330°E / 32.483330; 3.683330 (M'Zab Valley)
ثقافتی:AlgMZa
(ii), (iii), (v)
4,000 (9,900) 1982 The intact, traditional human habitat was built around five ksour in the 10th century by the اباضیہes.[78]
Maloti-Drakensberg Park A ground view of a valley and several mountain tops. LesothXQacha's Nek District,
Flag of Lesotho.svg لیسوتھو*
کوازولو نیٹل،
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا*
29°45′55″S 29°07′23″E / 29.765278°S 29.123056°E / -29.765278; 29.123056 (Maloti-Drakensberg Park) || Mixed:SouthUkh
(i), (iii),
(vii), (x) || align="center" | 249,313 (616,070) || align="center" | 2000 || The park features incisive dramatic cutbacks, golden sandstone ramparts, and the largest concentration of cave art in Sub-Saharan Africa.[79]
Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas A view of a vegetated plain, with a river flowing in the foreground alongside it. Zimماتابیلےلینڈ شمالی صوبہ,
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg زمبابوے
15°49′10″S 29°24′29″E / 15.819444°S 29.408056°E / -15.819444; 29.408056 (Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas)
قدرتی:ZimMan
(vii), (ix), (x)
676,600 (1,672,000) 1984 The park, located on the banks of the Zambezi River, features a variety of wild animals, such as buffalo, leopards, cheetahs and Nile crocodiles.[80]
Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National ParkIn danger A blank map of a rectangular-looking country with several rivers running through it. A location is marked in the north with a red dot. Cenبامینگوئی-بانگوران,
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg وسطی افریقی جمہوریہ
9°00′N 21°30′E / 9°N 21.5°E / 9; 21.5 (Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park)
قدرتی:CenMan
(ix), (x)
1,740,000 (4,300,000) 1988 The park features vast savannas with a wealth of flora and fauna, such as black rhinoceros, ہاتھیs, چیتاs, تیندواs, wild dogs, red-fronted gazelles and buffalo.[81] The site was placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1997 due to grazing and poaching that is thought to have claimed 80% of the wildlife in the park. Also cited was the shooting of four park staff and "a general state of deteriorating security".[82]
Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape A picture of a very rocky hill, spanning several hundred metres. Southلیمپوپو,
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
22°11′33″S 29°14′20″E / 22.192500°S 29.238890°E / -22.192500; 29.238890 (Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape)
ثقافتی:SouthMap
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (v)
28,168 (69,600) 2003 The open savanna landscape lies at the confluence of the دریائے لیمپوپو and Shashe Rivers. It was the heart of the Mapungubwe Kingdom until the 14th century, when the area was abandoned, leaving untouched remains of palaces and settlements.[83]
Matobo Hills A leafless tree partially obstructs a sunrise over a large field. Zimماتابیلےلینڈ جنوبی صوبہ,
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg زمبابوے
20°30′S 28°30′E / 20.5°S 28.5°E / -20.5; 28.5 (Matobo Hills)
ثقافتی:ZimMat
(iii), (v), (vi)
205,000 (510,000) 2003 The large boulders have been used as natural shelters since the early پتھر کا دور and feature a collection of rock paintings.[84]
Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) A seaside view of a large city enclosed by an orange barricade. Morصویرہ،
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
31°31′00″N 9°46′10″W / 31.516670°N 9.769440°W / 31.516670; -9.769440 (Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador))
ثقافتی:MorEss
(ii), (iv)
30 (74) 2001 The fortified seaport built during the late 18th century has a mix of North African and European architecture, and was a major trading hub between the Sahara and Europe.[85]
Medina of Fez A picture of a sun-lit back alley with trash scattered across the area. Various buildings of varying architecture are clearly visible. Morفاس،
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
34°03′40″N 4°58′40″W / 34.061110°N 4.977780°W / 34.061110; -4.977780 (Medina of Fez)
ثقافتی:MorMedinaofFez
(ii), (v)
280 (690) 1981 The former capital was founded in the 9th century and features the world's oldest university. The urban fabric and main monuments date from the 13th and 14th centuries.[86]
مراکش (شہر) A ground view of an artificially lit tower, reaching several storeys high, at the beginning of a sunset. Morمراکش (شہر),
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
31°37′53″N 7°59′12″W / 31.631390°N 7.986670°W / 31.631390; -7.986670 (Medina of Marrakesh)
ثقافتی:MorMedinaofMarra
(i), (ii),
(iv), (v)
1,107 (2,740) 1985 The town was founded in the 1070s and remained a political, economic, and cultural centre for a long time. Monuments from that period include the مسجد کتبیہ, the قصبہ، الجزائر، and the battlements. The city also holds newer features, including palaces.[87]
سوسہ An aerial view of a town square. The inside of a large, square building is visible. Tunسوسہ،
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
35°49′40″N 10°38′19″E / 35.827780°N 10.638610°E / 35.827780; 10.638610 (Medina of Sousse)
ثقافتی:TunMedinaofSou
(iii), (iv), (v)
32 (79) 1988 A prime example of a town from the early Islamic period, the city was an important port during the 9th century.[88]
تطوان A picture of a very large and cramped city, set on a very slanted hill. Morتطوان,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
35°34′15″N 5°22′00″W / 35.570830°N 5.366670°W / 35.570830; -5.366670 (Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin))
ثقافتی:MorMedinaofTet
(ii), (iv), (v)
7 (17) 1997 Morocco's most complete medina served as the main point of contact between Morocco and اندلوسیا during the 8th century. The town was rebuilt by Andalusian refugees following the استرداد.[89]
Medina of Tunis A picture of the lobby inside a luxurious building. Tunتونس شہر,
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
36°49′00″N 10°10′00″E / 36.816670°N 10.166670°E / 36.816670; 10.166670 (Medina of Tunis)
ثقافتی:TunMedinaofTun
(ii), (iii), (v)
1979 The medina holds 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasah and fourtains, testifying to Tunis' golden age from the 12th to the 16th century.[90]
ممفس، مصر and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur A picture of several pyramids of varying heights side-to-side. Egyگیزہ,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
29°58′34″N 31°07′49″E / 29.976040°N 31.130410°E / 29.976040; 31.130410 (Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur)
ثقافتی:EgyMem
(i), (iii), (vi)
16,358 (40,420) 1979 The former capital features funerary monuments, like rock tombs, mastabas, temples, and pyramids. It is one of the قدیم دنیا کے سات عجائبات عالم.[91]
وکٹوریا آبشار A view of dozens of waterfalls side-by-side crashing into the water below. A rainbow forms at the right. ZamXLivingstone District
and ماتابیلےلینڈ شمالی صوبہ,
Flag of Zambia.svg زیمبیا*
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg زمبابوے*
17°55′28″S 25°51′19″E / 17.924530°S 25.855390°E / -17.924530; 25.855390 (Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls)
قدرتی:ZamMos
(vii), (viii)
8,780 (21,700) 1989 The falls of the Zambezi River، which is more than 2 کلومیٹر (6,561 فٹ 8 انچ) wide, plunge down various basalt gorges resulting in a colorful mist.[92]
Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest A view of a very slanted and lengthy hill leading to a very foggy top. Kenوسطی صوبہ (کینیا)
and مشرقی صوبہ (کینیا),
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا
0°09′18″N 37°18′56″E / 0.155000°N 37.315556°E / 0.155000; 37.315556 (Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest)
قدرتی:KenMou
(vii), (ix)
142,020 (350,900) 1997 The park surrounds the 5,199 میٹر (17,057 فٹ) کوہ کینیا and features twelve glaciers.[93]
Mount Nimba Strict Nature ReserveIn danger A chimpanzee in a tree. CotXلولا پریفیکچور,
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg آئیوری کوسٹ*
Flag of Guinea.svg جمہوریہ گنی*
7°36′11″N 8°23′27″W / 7.603180°N 8.390970°W / 7.603180; -8.390970 (Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve)
قدرتی:CotMou
(ix), (x)
18,000 (44,000) 1981 The reserve features Mount Nimba، its slopes covered in dense forest and grassy mountain pastures.[94] In 1992, the park was inscribed on the World Heritage Committee's danger list, citing a proposed iron and ore mining concession inside the park's boundaries and the apparition of refugees. The state party later stated that there was an error with the proposed mining site's boundaries, and that it was not in the reserve.[95] However, as of 2011, the site remains on the list due to poor security on the Ivorian side.[96]
صحرائے نمیب NamFlag of Namibia.svg نمیبیا
24°53′07″S 15°24′28″E / 24.885278°S 15.407778°E / -24.885278; 15.407778 (Namib Sand Sea)
قدرتی:NamNam
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
3,077,700 (7,605,000) 2013 [97]
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Two rhinos walk alongside each other in an empty field, with shadowed mountain ranges in the background. TanArusha Region,
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
3°11′14″S 35°32′27″E / 3.187220°S 35.540830°E / -3.187220; 35.540830 (Ngorongoro Conservation Area)
Mixed:TanNgo
(iv), (vii),
(viii), (ix), (x)
809,440 (2,000,200) 1979 The site features a concentration of wild animals in a crater beside the active volcano Oldonyo Lengai.[98]
Niokolo-Koba National ParkIn danger A bird's eye view of a river running through a forested plain. Senکیدؤگؤ علاقہ
and تامباکؤندا علاقہ,
Flag of Senegal.svg سینیگال
13°04′00″N 12°43′00″W / 13.066670°N 12.716670°W / 13.066670; -12.716670 (Niokolo-Koba National Park)
قدرتی:SenNio
(x)
913,000 (2,260,000) 1981 The forests and savannas bordering the دریائے گمبیا have a diverse fauna, including Derby eland، chimpanzees, lions, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.[99] The park was listed as being endangered for low mammal populations, the construction of a dam, and management problems.[100]
ابوسمبل A picture of a large, trapezoidal-shaped stone monument. Egyاسوان,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
22°20′11″N 31°37′34″E / 22.336390°N 31.626110°E / 22.336390; 31.626110 (Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae)
ثقافتی:EgyNub
(i), (iii), (vi)
374 (920) 1979 Located along the دریائے نیل, the site contains monuments such as the Temple of رمسيس ثانی and the Sanctuary of ایزیس.[101]
Okapi Wildlife ReserveIn danger River lined by tropical vegetation. Many stones are found in the river. Dem اورینتال صوبہ,
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو
2°00′N 28°30′E / 2°N 28.5°E / 2; 28.5 (Okapi Wildlife Reserve)
قدرتی:DemOka
(x)
1,372,625 (3,391,830) 1996 Covering a fifth of the Ituri Rainforest in the دریائے کانگو basin, the reserve contains many threatened species of primates and birds. It is inhabited by the nomadic pygmy Mbuti and Efé tribes.[102] In 1997, looting, the killing of elephants, and the departure of reserve staff led the World Heritage Committee to place the reserve on its List of World Heritage in Danger, only a year following its inscription as a natural heritage site.[103]
Okavango Delta Areal view of Okavango Delta Bot اورینتال صوبہ،
Flag of Botswana.svg بوٹسوانا
19°17′00″S 22°54′00″E / 19.283333°S 22.9°E / -19.283333; 22.9 (Okavango Delta)
قدرتی:DemOka
(x)
2,023,590 (5,000,400) 2014 [104]
Old Towns of Djenné A large mud stone castle with hundreds of wooden poles sticking out around its upper half. MaliDjenné,
Flag of Mali.svg مالی
13°54′23″N 4°33′18″W / 13.906390°N 4.555000°W / 13.906390; -4.555000 (Old Towns of Djenné)
ثقافتی:MaliOld
(iii), (iv)
1988 Inhabited since 250 BCE, the city was an important link in the trans-Saharan gold trade. It contains 2,000 traditional houses.[105]
Old Town of Ghadamès A picture of a man standing in the middle of a hallway made of limestone. LibGhadames،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
30°08′00″N 9°30′00″E / 30.133333°N 9.5°E / 30.133333; 9.5 (Old Town of Ghadamès)
ثقافتی:LibGha
(v)
1986 Located in an oasis, Ghadames is one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities and represents a traditional architecture with vertical division of functions.[106]
Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove A picture of an abstract-looking hut. Niger2اوسوگبو,
Flag of Nigeria.svg نائجیریا
7°45′20″N 4°33′08″E / 7.755560°N 4.552220°E / 7.755560; 4.552220 (Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove)
ثقافتی:Niger2Osu
(ii), (iii), (vi)
75 (190) 2005 The dense forests are one of the final remnants of high forests in southern Nigeria. It is the last sacred grove of the Yoruba culture.[107]
Pitons, Cirques and Remparts of Reunion Island An overhead view of an island filled with high-altitude peaks. Fraرے یونیوں،
Flag of France.svg فرانس
21°05′58″S 55°28′48″E / 21.099444°S 55.480000°E / -21.099444; 55.480000 (Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island)
قدرتی:MorPor
(vii), (x)
105,838 (261,530) 2010 Outstanding terrain and biodiversity, as part of La Réunion National Park.[108]
الجدیدہ (مراکش) A panoramic view of a large city, largely coloured beige. Morالجدیدہ (مراکش),
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
33°15′24″N 8°30′07″W / 33.256670°N 8.501940°W / 33.256670; -8.501940 (Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida))
ثقافتی:MorPor
(ii), (iv)
8 (20) 2004 The fortification, akin to نشاۃ ثانیہ military design from the early 16th century, was taken over by Morocco in 1769. Surviving buildings include the cistern and a Gothic church.[109]
Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis A picture of four stone pillars which once held up a house. Tunنابل,
Flag of Tunisia.svg تونس
36°56′47″N 11°05′57″E / 36.946390°N 11.099170°E / 36.946390; 11.099170 (Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis)
ثقافتی:TunPun
(iii)
1985 The city was abandoned in 250 BCE during the First Punic War, and is the only surviving example of a فونیقیPunic settlement.[110]
رباط (شہر), Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage A large, architecturally detailed entrance to a big palace. Several guards are posted out front. Morرباط سلا زمور زعیر,
Flag of Morocco.svg مراکش
34°01′27″N 6°49′22″W / 34.024167°N 6.822778°W / 34.024167; -6.822778 (Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage)
ثقافتی:RabMor
(ii), (iv)
349 (860) 2012 Rebuilt under the direction of the French from 1912 to the 1930s, the city blends historic and modern features, such as botanical gardens, the Hassan Mosque، and the remnants of Moorish and Andalusian settlements from the 17th century.[111]
Rainforests of the AtsinananaIn danger A picture of a very small river running through a dense forest. Several mountains fill the background. MadEastern Madagascar,
Flag of Madagascar.svg مڈغاسکر
14°27′35″S 49°42′09″E / 14.459722°S 49.702500°E / -14.459722; 49.702500 (Rainforests of the Atsinanana)
قدرتی:MadRai
(ix), (x)
479,660 (1,185,300) 2007 The site consists of six national parks, and protects the island's unique biodiversity, which has evolved in isolation for 60 million years.[112] The park was deemed to be in danger in 2010, when logging and hunting activities continued to escalate, despite a ban by Madagascar on exporting illegal timber.[113]
Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape A picture of several shrubs obstructing a view of a large desert. Southشمالی کیپ,
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
28°36′00″S 17°12′14″E / 28.6°S 17.203889°E / -28.6; 17.203889 (Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape)
ثقافتی:SouthRic
(iv), (v)
160,000 (400,000) 2007 The mountainous desert sustains the semi-nomadic livelihood of the Nama، which includes seasonal migrations that have gone unchanged for two millennia.[114]
Robben Island A view of a moderately fortified prison and a guard tower. Southمغربی کیپ،
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
33°48′00″S 18°22′00″E / 33.8°S 18.366667°E / -33.8; 18.366667 (Robben Island)
ثقافتی:SouthRob
(iii), (vi)
475 (1,170) 1999 Between the 17th and 20th century, the island was used as a prison, including for political prisoners, a hospital for socially unacceptable groups, and a military base.[115]
Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus A drawing of a giraffe on a cave wall. Libفزان،
Flag of Libya.svg لیبیا
24°50′00″N 10°20′00″E / 24.833330°N 10.333330°E / 24.833330; 10.333330 (Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus)
ثقافتی:LibRoc
(iii)
1985 Thousands of cave paintings are visible in different styles, dating from 12,000 BCE to 100 CE.[116]
لالیبیلا A picture of a pick-coloured building intact inside of a large, square hole. Ethامہارا علاقہ،
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
12°01′46″N 39°02′26″E / 12.029350°N 39.040420°E / 12.029350; 39.040420 (Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela)
ثقافتی:EthRoc
(i), (ii), (iii)
1978 The site contains eleven medieval cave churches from the 13th century.[117]
Royal Hill of Ambohimanga A picture of a fortified wall and gate between two trees. Madاینٹانانیریو،
Flag of Madagascar.svg مڈغاسکر
18°45′33″S 47°33′46″E / 18.759170°S 47.562780°E / -18.759170; 47.562780 (Royal Hill of Ambohimanga)
ثقافتی:MadRoy
(iii), (iv), (vi)
59 (150) 2001 The royal city and burial site is a spiritual and sacred site which has created strong feelings of national identity for several centuries.[118]
Royal Palaces of Abomey A picture of a beige-coloured dirt courtyard with a shack in the corner. Benزوؤ محکمہ,
Flag of Benin.svg بینن
7°11′00″N 1°59′00″E / 7.183333°N 1.983333°E / 7.183333; 1.983333 (Royal Palaces of Abomey)
ثقافتی:BenRoy
(iii), (iv)
48 (120) 1985 The city held the seat of twelve kings who ruled the داهومی between 1625 and 1900. All but one king built their palace within the area.[119]
Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara Vault of a ramshackled and possibly ruined building. TanKilwa District،
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
8°57′28″S 39°31′22″E / 8.957780°S 39.522780°E / -8.957780; 39.522780 (Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara)
ثقافتی:TanRui
(iii)
1981 The site features the remains of two ports used extensively for trade across the Indian Ocean from the 13th and 16th century.[120] It was placed onto the list of List of World Heritage in Danger by the World Heritage Committee in 2004, citing "the continuing deterioration and the serious threats affecting the property of the Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara".[121] Conditions subsequently improved and the site was removed from the World Heritage in Danger list in 2014.[122]
Ruins of Loropéni A triangular-shaped blank map with a red dot in the south-west designating the location. Burلوروپئنی,
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg برکینا فاسو
10°15′00″N 3°35′00″W / 10.25°N 3.583333°W / 10.25; -3.583333 (Ruins of Loropéni)
ثقافتی:BurRui
(iii)
1.1 (2.7) 2009 More than a thousand years old, Loropéni is the best-preserved of ten fortresses in Lobi, which were part of about a hundred stone enclosures built during the trans-Saharan gold trade.[123]
Rwenzori Mountains National Park A panoramic view of a slightly foggy plain, with mountains filling the background. Ugandaبوندیبوگیو ضلع,
کابارولے ضلع,
and کاسیسے ضلع,
Flag of Uganda.svg یوگنڈا
0°13′25″N 29°55′27″E / 0.223611°N 29.924167°E / 0.223611; 29.924167 (Rwenzori Mountains National Park)
قدرتی:UgandaRuw
(vii), (x)
99,600 (246,000) 1994 Covering most of the Rwenzori Mountains, including Mount Margherita، Africa's third-highest peak, the park features glaciers, waterfalls and lakes in an Alpine landscape. It also features various endangered species and unusual flora.[124]
Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests Two women discuss beside two very long tree roots in a forest. Kenصوبہ ساحل,
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا
3°55′55″S 39°35′46″E / 3.931944°S 39.596111°E / -3.931944; 39.596111 (Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests)
ثقافتی:KenSac
(iii), (v), (vi)
1,538 (3,800) 2008 The site comprises eleven forests spread 200 کلومیٹر (660,000 فٹ) along the coast of Kenya. They hold the remains of villages built during the 16th century by the Mijikenda، and are now considered sacred sites.[125]
Saint Catherine Area A distant view of a very small city enclosed within stone walls. Behind it is a very rocky slope. Egyمحافظہ جنوبی سینا,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
28°33′22″N 33°58′32″E / 28.556230°N 33.975430°E / 28.556230; 33.975430 (Saint Catherine Area)
ثقافتی:EgySai
(i), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
60,100 (149,000) 2002 The orthodox monastery from the 6th century is positioned near حورب where, according to the عہد نامہ قدیم, موسیٰ علیہ السلام received the الواح. The region is sacred for Christians, Muslims and Jews.[126]
Salonga National ParkIn danger A river meandering through a wooded plain. Demمانیما
and جنوبی کیوو,
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو
2°S 21°E / 2°S 21°E / -2; 21 (Salonga National Park)
قدرتی:DemSal
(vii), (ix)
3,600,000 (8,900,000) 1984 Africa's largest tropical rain forest reserve is situated at the heart of the دریائے کانگو basin and only accessible by water. It is the habitat of endangered species such as the bonobo, the Congo peafowl, the forest elephant, and the slender-snouted crocodile.[127] The site was deemed to be in danger in 1999, due to increased poaching activities and encroachments.[128]
Saloum Delta An aerial view of a river zigzagging sharply through a damp field. SenFlag of Senegal.svg سینیگال
13°50′07″N 16°29′55″W / 13.835278°N 16.498611°W / 13.835278; -16.498611 (Saloum Delta)
ثقافتی:SenSal
(iii), (iv), (v)
145,811 (360,310) 2011 The area has sustained human life thanks to fishing and shellfish gathering, for which there are 218 shellfish mounds across the site.[129]
سان کریستوبال دے لگونا A modern plaza with many large trees and a fountain in the middle. Spaصوبہ سانتا کروز دے فینیریفے،
Flag of Spain.svg ہسپانیہ
28°28′40″N 16°18′42″W / 28.477889°N 16.311778°W / 28.477889; -16.311778 (San Cristóbal de La Laguna)
ثقافتی:SpaSan
(ii), (iv)
60 (150) 1999 The city contains two centres: the unplanned Upper Town, and the planned Lower Town, laid out according to philosophical principals. Many of the buildings date from the 16th to the 18th centuries.[130]
Sangha Trinational A gorilla wading in waist-deep water with its arms outstretched and holding an object in its right hand. The water is surrounded by thick vegetation. CamXFlag of Cameroon.svg کیمرون*
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg وسطی افریقی جمہوریہ*
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg جمہوریہ کانگو*
2°36′34″N 16°33′15″E / 2.609444°N 16.554167°E / 2.609444; 16.554167 (Sangha Trinational)
قدرتی:CamCen
(ix), (x)
746,309 (1,844,170) 2012 [131]
Selous Game ReserveIn danger Five elephants drinking from a flooded field from afar. Tanلیندی علاقہ,
موروگورو علاقہ,
متوارا علاقہ,
پوانی علاقہ,
and Ruvuma Region,
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
9°00′S 37°24′E / 9°S 37.4°E / -9; 37.4 (Selous Game Reserve)
قدرتی:TanSel
(ix), (x)
5,000,000 (12,000,000) 1982 The park's vegetation varies from dense thickets to open wooded grasslands, and features large numbers of elephants, black rhinoceros, cheetahs, giraffes, hippos and crocodiles.[132] It was placed onto the list of List of World Heritage in Danger by the World Heritage Committee in 2014 due to widespread poaching، especially of elephants and rhinoceros.[133]
سرنگیٹی نیشنل پارک A family of zebras walking through a plain, with four elephants and a few trees wandering in the background. TanArusha Region,
مارا علاقہ,
and شینیانگا علاقہ,
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
2°20′00″S 34°34′00″E / 2.333330°S 34.566670°E / -2.333330; 34.566670 (Serengeti National Park)
قدرتی:TanSer
(vii), (x)
1,476,300 (3,648,000) 1981 The vast savanna is known for the annual migration for herds of wildebeest, غزال، zebras, and their predators.[134]
Simien National ParkIn danger A mountain landscape with deep precipices. Ethامہارا علاقہ,
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
13°11′00″N 38°04′00″E / 13.183333°N 38.066667°E / 13.183333; 38.066667 (Simien National Park)
قدرتی:EthSem
(vii), (x)
22,000 (54,000) 1978 The eroded ایتھوپیائی کوہستانی خطہ comprises jagged mountain peaks, deep valleys, and sharp precipices dropping about 1,500 میٹر (4,900 فٹ).[135] The decrease of the walia ibex, bushbuck, and bushpig populations, as well as an increase of the human population in the park prompted the World Heritage Committee to place it on their List of World Heritage in Danger in 1996.[136]
Stone Circles of Senegambia A picture of several mounds of dirt. GamXسینٹرل ریور ڈویژن
and کاولاک علاقہ,
Flag of The Gambia.svg گیمبیا*
Flag of Senegal.svg سینیگال*
13°41′28″N 15°31′21″W / 13.691111°N 15.522500°W / 13.691111; -15.522500 (Stone Circles of Senegambia)
ثقافتی:GamSto
(i), (iii)
10 (25) 2006 The groups of stone circles are among over 1,000 different monuments along the دریائے گمبیا. Used as burial grounds, they were erected between the 3rd century BCE and the 16th century CE.[137]
سٹون ٹاؤن A distant view of a very large and luxurious building near a wide river. Tanزنجبار،
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ
6°09′47″S 39°11′21″E / 6.163060°S 39.189170°E / -6.163060; 39.189170 (Stone Town of Zanzibar)
ثقافتی:TanSton
(ii), (iii), (vi)
96 (240) 2000 A prime example of an East African coastal trading town, its urban fabric and townscape remains intact.[138]
Sukur Cultural Landscape A landscape view of a series of rocky valleys. Niger2میڈاگالی،
Flag of Nigeria.svg نائجیریا
10°44′26″N 13°34′19″E / 10.740560°N 13.571940°E / 10.740560; 13.571940 (Sukur Cultural Landscape)
ثقافتی:Niger2Suk
(iii), (v), (vi)
1999 The site features the Palace of the Hidi, terraced fields, and the remains of a former iron industry.[139]
Taï National Park A blank map of a square-shaped country with a black dot designating the location of the site. Coteگویگلو
and ساساندرا,
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg آئیوری کوسٹ
5°45′00″N 7°07′00″W / 5.750000°N 7.116667°W / 5.750000; -7.116667 (Taï National Park)
قدرتی:CotTai
(vii), (x)
330,000 (820,000) 1982 One of few remaining sections of the West African tropical forest، the park features a rich flora, including eleven species of monkeys.[140]
Tassili n'Ajjer A picture of a very faint drawing of an elephant and a giraffe on a cave wall. Algالیزی
and تمنراست،
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
25°30′N 9°00′E / 25.5°N 9°E / 25.5; 9 (Tassili n'Ajjer)
Mixed:AlgTas
(i), (iii),
(vii), (viii)
7,200,000 (18,000,000) 1982 The site is in a landscape with 15,000 cave engravings that record climatic changes, animal migrations, and the evolution of human life, dating from 6,000 BCE to the first centuries CE.[141]
Teide National Park A ground view of a mountain top, obstructed by a few low-level clouds. Spaصوبہ سانتا کروز دے فینیریفے,
Flag of Spain.svg ہسپانیہ
28°16′17″N 16°38′37″W / 28.271389°N 16.643611°W / 28.271389; -16.643611 (Teide National Park)
قدرتی:SpaTei
(vii), (viii)
18,990 (46,900) 2007 The national park features the ٹیڈ stratovolcano، which at 3,718 میٹر (12,198 فٹ) is Spain's tallest mountain and the world's third-tallest volcano.[142]
ٹمبکٹوIn danger A picture of a very small pyramid with dozens of wooden poles sticking out around it. MaliTimbuktu Cercle,
Flag of Mali.svg مالی
16°46′24″N 2°59′58″W / 16.773333°N 2.999444°W / 16.773333; -2.999444 (Timbuktu)
ثقافتی:MaliTim
(ii), (iv), (v)
1988 The city was a centre for the propagation of Islam in the 15th and 16th centuries, and features three mosques and many madrasahs.[143] The sites were deemed endangered after the Battle of Gao in June 2012, which followed several weeks of constant threats to the area. Days later, some sites within Timbuktu were destroyed by Ansar Dine, an Islamist group, citing religious reasons.[144]
Timgad A picture of a city ruins and a still-standing building near the back. Algصوبہ باتنہ,
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
35°29′03″N 6°28′07″E / 35.484167°N 6.468611°E / 35.484167; 6.468611 (Timgad)
ثقافتی:AlgTim
(ii), (iii), (iv)
0.04 (0.099) 1982 A military colony built by تراجان in 100 CE, the site features cardo and decumanus streets, typical of a Roman town.[145]
تیبازہ A mosaic made of tiles covers the ground of a small square near a grave site. Algتیبازہ,
Flag of Algeria.svg الجزائر
36°35′31″N 2°26′58″E / 36.591944°N 2.449444°E / 36.591944; 2.449444 (Tipasa)
ثقافتی:AlgTip
(iii), (iv)
52 (130) 1982 First a قرطاج trading center, Tipasa was converted into a military base by the Romans. Heavy Christian influences can be seen from the 3rd and 4th centuries, though Tipasa went into steady decline in the بازنطینی سلطنت period.[146]
Tiya A view of several tombstones lined up side-by-side. Ethجنوبی اقوام، قومیتیں، اور عوامی علاقہ,
Flag of Ethiopia.svg ایتھوپیا
8°26′06″N 38°36′44″E / 8.434910°N 38.612100°E / 8.434910; 38.612100 (Tiya)
ثقافتی:EthTiy
(i), (iv)
1980 The archaeological site contains 36 monuments, which includes 32 carved stelae covered with symbols hard to decrypt.[147]
Tomb of AskiaIn danger A large dirt mound shaped like a pyramid with sticks sticking out around it. Maliعلاقہ گاو,
Flag of Mali.svg مالی
16°17′23″N 0°02′40″E / 16.289800°N 0.044560°E / 16.289800; 0.044560 (Tomb of Askia)
ثقافتی:MaliTom
(ii), (iii), (iv)
4 (9.9) 2004 Built in 1495, the pyramid was built as a tomb for Emperor Askia Mohamed. It represents the power of an empire that controlled the trans-Saharan gold trade.[148] The site was deemed endangered after the Battle of Gao in June 2012, which followed several weeks of constant threats to the area.[149]
Tombs of Buganda Kings at KasubiIn danger A picture of a dome-shaped house made of natural materials. Ugandaکمپالا ضلع,
Flag of Uganda.svg یوگنڈا
0°20′55″N 32°33′05″E / 0.348611°N 32.551389°E / 0.348611; 32.551389 (Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi)
ثقافتی:UgandaTom
(i), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
27 (67) 2001 The tombs, built after 1884, are a major example of prime architecture using organic materials, principally wood, thatch, reed, and wattle and daub.[150] The tombs were almost completely destroyed by a fire in March 2010, prompting the World Heritage Committee to reluctantly mark the site as being in danger. The Ugandan government has since called for the reconstruction of the tombs, and UNESCO has agreed to mobilise funds for the project.[151][152]
Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve A complex, heavily eroded dark grey limestone rock formation. Madمیلاکا,
Flag of Madagascar.svg مڈغاسکر
18°40′00″S 44°45′00″E / 18.666670°S 44.75°E / -18.666670; 44.75 (Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve)
قدرتی:MadTsi
(vii), (x)
152,000 (380,000) 1990 The canyon of the Manambolo River comprises karstic and limestone landscapes cut into peaks and a forest of limestone needles. It also holds undisturbed forests, lakes and چمرنگs, which are the habitat for lemurs and birds.[153]
Tsodilo A drawing of two rhinos and a bull on a cave wall. BotNorth-West,
Flag of Botswana.svg بوٹسوانا
18°45′00″S 21°44′00″E / 18.75°S 21.733333°E / -18.75; 21.733333 (Tsodilo)
ثقافتی:BotTso
(i), (iii), (vi)
4,800 (12,000) 2001 The site features more than 4,500 rock art paintings in the صحرائے کالاہاری. Archaeological records provide evidence of human and environmental activities ranging over 100,000 years.[154]
Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes Various drawings on a cave wall. NamTwyKunene،
Flag of Namibia.svg نمیبیا
20°35′44″S 14°22′21″E / 20.595583°S 14.372583°E / -20.595583; 14.372583 (Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes)
ثقافتی:NamTwy
(iii), (v)
57 (140) 2007 The site has one of the largest concentrations of rock engravings in Africa, which range from a period of over 2,000 years.[155]
Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve A picture of a waterfall obstructed by a couple of palm trees. SeyPraslin,
Flag of Seychelles.svg سیچیلیس
4°19′45″S 55°44′15″E / 4.329170°S 55.737500°E / -4.329170; 55.737500 (Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve)
قدرتی:SeyVal
(vii), (viii),
(ix), (x)
20 (49) 1983 The natural palm forest is preserved in almost its original state.[156]
Virunga National ParkIn danger A picture of a mountain landscape with trunks of trees or shrubs that appear to have burned. Demشمالی کیوو
and اورینتال صوبہ,
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg جمہوری جمہوریہ کانگو
0°55′00″N 29°10′00″E / 0.916667°N 29.166667°E / 0.916667; 29.166667 (Virunga National Park)
قدرتی:DemVir
(vii), (viii), (x)
800,000 (2,000,000) 1979 The park comprises swamps, savannas, and snowfields.[157] Virunga was inscribed on the World Heritage Committee's List of World Heritage in Danger in 1994, due to the war in Rwanda and the subsequent increase of the refugee population in the park, deforestation, poaching, departure of park staff, and depletion of forests.[158]
Vredefort Dome A view of a multicoloured cave ceiling. Southفری سٹیٹ (صوبہ)
and شمال مغربی (جنوبی افریقی صوبہ),
Flag of South Africa.svg جنوبی افریقا
26°52′S 27°16′E / 26.86°S 27.26°E / -26.86; 27.26 (Vredefort Dome)
قدرتی:SouthVre
(viii)
30,000 (74,000) 2005 The crater, with a diameter of 190 کلومیٹر (620,000 فٹ), is the largest, oldest, and most deeply eroded astrobleme found on Earth, dating back more than two billion years.[159]
W National Park of Niger A picture of a marshy river surrounded on both sides by shrubs and trees. Niger1ساے محکمہ،
Flag of Niger.svg نائجر
12°21′N 2°21′E / 12.35°N 2.35°E / 12.35; 2.35 (W National Park of Niger)
قدرتی:Niger1WNa
(ix), (x)
220,000 (540,000) 1996 The park is in the zone between savanna and forest lands, and is an important ecosystem for the biogeographical area.[160]
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) A picture of a long skeleton surrounded by a circular wire. A large rock formation is visible in the background. Egyمحافظہ فیوم,
Flag of Egypt.svg مصر
29°20′00″N 30°11′00″E / 29.333330°N 30.183330°E / 29.333330; 30.183330 (Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley))
قدرتی:EgyWad
(viii)
20,015 (49,460) 2005 Located in western Egypt, the site contains fossil remains of the now extinct Archaeoceti, mapping the evolution of the whales from a land-based to an aquatic mammal.[161]

بیرونی روابط[ترمیم]

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. "Aapravasi Ghat"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  2. "Abu Mena"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  3. "Abu Mena – Threats to the Site (2001)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 27 August 2010۔ 
  4. "Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  5. "Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves – Threats to the Site (1992)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 August 2010۔ 
  6. "Decision 33COM 7A.10 – Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (Niger) (N 573)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 August 2010۔ 
  7. "Aksum"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  8. "Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  9. "Aldabra Atoll"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  10. "Amphitheatre of El Jem"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  11. "Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  12. "Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  13. "Archaeological Site of Carthage"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  14. "Archaeological Site of Cyrene"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  15. "Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  16. "Archaeological Site of Sabratha"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  17. "Archaeological Site of Volubilis"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  18. "Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 17 August 2011۔ 
  19. "Asante Traditional Buildings"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  20. "Banc d'Arguin National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  21. "Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 August 2013۔ 
  22. "Bwindi Impenetrable National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  23. "Cape Floral Region Protected Areas"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  24. "Chongoni Rock-Art Area"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  25. "Cidade Velha, Historic Centre of Ribeira Grande"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  26. "Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  27. "Comoé National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  28. "Comoé National Park – Threats to the Site (2003)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 30 August 2010۔ 
  29. "Dja Faunal Reserve"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  30. "Djémila"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  31. "Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  32. "Dougga / Thugga"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  33. "Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  34. "Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  35. "Fort Jesus, Mombasa"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 July 2011۔ 
  36. "Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  37. "Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and Environs"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  38. "Garajonay National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  39. "Garamba National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  40. "Decision – 08COM X.26-27 – Inscriptions on the List of World Heritage in Danger"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  41. "Decision – 16COM X.E – Removed from the World Heritage List in Danger: Garamba National Park (Zaire)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  42. (PDF) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Eighth Ordinary Session. Buenos Aires: UNESCO. 29 October – 2 November 1994. http://whc.unesco.org/archive/1984/sc-84-conf004-9e.pdf۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011. 
  43. Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Twentieth Session. Mérida, Yucatán: UNESCO. 2–7 December 1996. http://whc.unesco.org/archive/repcom96.htm#garamba۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011. 
  44. "Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  45. "Gough and Inaccessible Islands"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  46. "Great Zimbabwe National Monument"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  47. "Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  48. "Historic Cairo"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  49. "Historic Centre of Agadez"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 August 2013۔ 
  50. "Historic City of Meknes"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  51. "Historic Town of Grand-Bassam"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 19 September 2012۔ 
  52. "Ichkeul National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  53. "iSimangaliso Wetland Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  54. "Island of Gorée"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  55. "Island of Mozambique"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  56. "Island of Saint-Louis"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  57. "Kahuzi-Biega National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  58. "Kahuzi-Biega National Park – Threats to the Site (1997)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  59. "Kairouan"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  60. "Kasbah of Algiers"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  61. "Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley and Australia's Ningaloo Coast inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 June 2011۔ 
  62. "Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 June 2011۔ 
  63. "Khami Ruins National Monument"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  64. "Kilimanjaro National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  65. "Kondoa Rock-Art Sites"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  66. "Konso Cultural Landscape"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 17 August 2011۔ 
  67. "Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  68. "Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  69. "Kunta Kinteh Island and Related Sites"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 6 November 2015۔ 
  70. "Lake Malawi National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  71. "Lakes of Ounianga"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 July 2013۔ 
  72. "Lake Turkana National Parks"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  73. "Lamu Old Town"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  74. "Laurisilva of Madeira"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  75. "Le Morne Cultural Landscape"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  76. "Lower Valley of the Awash"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  77. "Lower Valley of the Omo"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  78. "M'Zab Valley"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  79. "Maloti-Drakensberg Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 Aug 2013۔ 
  80. "Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  81. "Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  82. نقص حوالہ: ٹیگ <ref>‎ درست نہیں ہے؛ manovodang نامی حوالہ کے لیے کوئی مواد درج نہیں کیا گیا۔ (مزید معلومات کے لیے معاونت صفحہ دیکھیے)۔
  83. "Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  84. "Matobo Hills"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  85. "Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  86. "Medina of Fez"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  87. "Medina of Marrakesh"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  88. "Medina of Sousse"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  89. "Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  90. "Medina of Tunis"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  91. "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  92. "Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  93. "Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  94. "Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  95. "Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve – Threats to the Site (1992)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  96. "Decision – 35COM 7A.3 – Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Côte d'Ivoire/Guinea) (N 155 bis)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  97. "Namib Sand Sea"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 August 2013۔ 
  98. "Ngorongoro Conservation Area"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  99. "Niokolo-Koba National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  100. "Decision – 31COM 7B.1 – State of conservation of World Heritage Properties – Niokolo-Koba National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  101. "Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  102. "Okapi Wildlife Reserve"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  103. "Okapi Wildlife Reserve – Threats to the Site (1997)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  104. "Okavango Delta"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 6 Dec 2014۔ 
  105. "Old Towns of Djenné"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  106. "Old Town of Ghadamès"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  107. "Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  108. "Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 July 2011۔ 
  109. "Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  110. "Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  111. "Rabat, modern capital and historic city: a shared heritage"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 30 June 2012۔ 
  112. "Rainforests of the Atsinanana"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  113. "Decision – 34COM 7B.2 – Rainforests of Atsinanana (Madagascar) (N 1257)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  114. "Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  115. "Robben Island"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  116. "Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  117. "Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  118. "Royal Hill of Ambohimanga"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  119. "Royal Palaces of Abomey"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  120. "Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  121. "Decision – 28COM 15B.41 – Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  122. Tanzania’s Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara removed from UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger، 17 June 2014، اصل سے جمع شدہ 5 September 2015 کو، اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 5 November 2015 .
  123. "Ruins of Loropéni"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 November 2015۔ 
  124. "Ruwenzori Mountains National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  125. "Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  126. "Saint Catherine Area"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  127. "Salonga National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  128. "Decision – 23COM X.B.21 – SOC: Salonga National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC))"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  129. "Saloum Delta"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 17 August 2011۔ 
  130. "San Cristóbal de la Laguna"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  131. "Sangha Trinational"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 November 2015۔ 
  132. "Selous Game Reserve"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  133. Poaching puts Tanzania’s Selous Game Reserve on List of World Heritage in Danger، 18 June 2014، اصل سے جمع شدہ 22 October 2015 کو، اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 5 November 2015 .
  134. "Serengeti National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  135. "Simien National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 1 August 2010۔ 
  136. "Simien National Park – Threats to the Site (1996)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  137. "Stone Circles of Senegambia"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  138. "Stone Town of Zanzibar"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  139. "Sukur Cultural Landscape"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  140. "Taï National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  141. "Tassili n'Ajjer"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  142. "Teide National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  143. "Timbuktu"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  144. "Ansar Dine fighters destroy Timbuktu shrines"۔ الجزیرہ۔ 30 June 2012۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 30 June 2012۔ 
  145. "Timgad"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  146. "Tipasa"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 January 2011۔ 
  147. "Tiya"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  148. "Tomb of Askia"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  149. "Heritage sites in northern Mali placed on List of World Heritage in Danger"۔ UNESCO۔ 28 June 2012۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 30 June 2012۔ 
  150. "Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  151. "Uganda tombs to be reconstructed"۔ Afrol News۔ 13 April 2010۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  152. "Decision – 34COM 7B.53 – Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) (C 1022)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  153. "Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  154. "Tsodilo"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  155. "Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  156. "Vallée de Mai Nature Reserve"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  157. "Virunga National Park"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  158. "Virunga National Park – Threats to the Site (1994)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 11 September 2011۔ 
  159. "Vredefort Dome"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  160. "W National Park of Niger"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  161. "Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 

ملاحظات[ترمیم]

  1. Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa was originally inscribed as Fossil Hominid Sites of Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai, and Environs. The World Heritage Committee adopted the changed name in 2013.
  2. Kunta Kinteh Island and Related Sites was originally inscribed as James Island and Related Sites. The World Heritage Committee adopted the changed name in 2011.

سانچہ:فہرستیں عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ مقامات