امریکی عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ مقامات کی فہرست

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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تقشہ امریکین کے عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ مقامات

یہ یونیسکو کے عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ کی ایک فہرست ہے جس میں شمالی امریکا، وسطی امریکہ، جنوبی امریکا اور کیریبین شامل ہیں۔ گرین لینڈ کے یورپ کے ساتھ ثقافتی اور سیاسی تعلق کے باوجود یہاں شمالی امریکا کے حصہ کے طور پر شامل کیا گیا ہے۔

عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ مقامات[ترمیم]

  † خطرے میں
  * ماورائے سرحد مقام
مقام تصویر محل وقوع یونیسکو عالمی ثقافتی ورثہ رقبہ
ہیکٹر (ایکڑ)
سال تفصیل حوالہ جات
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila Agave fields in Tequila, Mexico. جلیسکو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°51′47″N 103°46′43″W / 20.86306°N 103.77861°W / 20.86306; -103.77861 (Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (v), (vi)
34,019 (84,060); buffer zone 51,261 (126,670) 2006 The site consists of a living, working landscape of blue agave fields and distilleries in Tequila, El Arenal and Amatitán where tequila is produced. It reflects more than 2,000 years of commercial use of the agave plant. [1]
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park Tall green trees and hills are on both sides of a river in the center. Cubaاولگین صوبہ and گوانتانامو صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
20°27′N 75°0′W / 20.450°N 75.000°W / 20.450; -75.000 (Alejandro de Humboldt National Park)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
69,341 (171,350); buffer zone 34,330 (84,800) 2001 The park exhibits a wide array of geology types. It contains many biological species, including 16 of Cuba's 28 endemic plant species, as well as animal species such as the endangered Cuban solenodon. [2]
[3]
Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche Pyramid with a staircase among a tropical forest. کامپیچی, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
18°7′21″N 89°47′0″W / 18.12250°N 89.78333°W / 18.12250; -89.78333 (Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche)
Mixed:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
3,000 (7,400); buffer zone 147,195 (363,730) 2002 Calakmul is an important مایا تہذیب site with a number of well-preserved monuments that bear testimony to twelve centuries of Maya cultural and political development. [4]
Antigua Guatemala Street with colorful single-storied houses with window grills. Guatemalaساکاتیپیکیس محکمہ,
Flag of Guatemala.svg گواتیمالا
14°34′N 90°40′W / 14.567°N 90.667°W / 14.567; -90.667 (Antigua Guatemala)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
49 (120) 1979 Founded in the early 16th century, Antigua was the capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala and its cultural, economic, religious, political and educational centre until a devastating earthquake in 1773. Its principal monuments have been preserved largely as ruins and are an excellent example of Spanish colonial architecture. [5]
Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System A tall, arched aqueduct in an arid landscape ہیدالگو (ریاست) and ریاست میکسیکو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°50′07″N 98°39′45″W / 19.835278°N 98.662567°W / 19.835278; -98.662567 (Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iv)
6,540 (16,200); buffer zone 34,820 (86,000) 2015 [6]
Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba Old coffee plantation in the hills above Santiago, Cuba. Cubaسانتیاگو دے کیوبا صوبہ and گوانتانامو صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
20°00′21″N 75°37′4″W / 20.00583°N 75.61778°W / 20.00583; -75.61778 (Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
81,475 (201,330) 2000 During the 19th and early 20th centuries, eastern Cuba was primarily involved with coffea cultivation. The remnants of the plantations display the techniques used in the difficult terrain, as well as the economic and social significance of the plantation system in Cuba and the Caribbean. [7]
Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco Mexico xochicalco pyramids. MexicoMiacatlán, موریلوس
Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
18°48′37″N 99°16′30″W / 18.81028°N 99.27500°W / 18.81028; -99.27500 (Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
708 (1,750) 1999 Xochicalco is a well-preserved example of a fortified settlement from the epiclassical period (650–900), the time at which earlier powers such as Teotihuacan ceased to exist and cultural re-grouping took place. [8]
Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quiriguá Tall stone stele decorated with relief. Guatemalaاسابال محکمہ,
Flag of Guatemala.svg گواتیمالا
15°16′14″N 89°2′25″W / 15.27056°N 89.04028°W / 15.27056; -89.04028 (Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1981 Quiriguá is an ancient مایا تہذیب archaeological site that flourished during the Late Classic. The ruins of the site contain outstanding carved stelae and sculpted calendars. [9]
Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of پاناما شہر Ruins of a four-storied stone tower. PanamaPanamá District, پاناما صوبہ,
Flag of Panama.svg پاناما
9°00′24″N 79°29′06″W / 9.00667°N 79.48500°W / 9.00667; -79.48500 (Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
57 (140) 1997
[nb 1]
Founded in 1519, Panamá Viejo was the first European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. The Historic District is a 17th-century replacement of the original town and preserves its street plan, architecture and blend of Spanish, French and early American styles. [10]
[11]
Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes Ruins of earthen houses. چہواہوا, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
30°22′33″N 107°57′20″W / 30.37583°N 107.95556°W / 30.37583; -107.95556 (Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1998 The adobe architecture of Paquimé Casas Grandes bear testimony to a pre-Hispanic culture in northern Mexico located between the Pueblo culture and more advanced Mesoamerican civilizations. [12]
Area de Conservación Guanacaste Mountain, grassland and some trees. Costa Ricaگواناکاستے صوبہ and الاخویلا صوبہ Provinces,
Flag of Costa Rica.svg کوسٹاریکا
10°51′N 85°37′W / 10.850°N 85.617°W / 10.850; -85.617 (Area de Conservación Guanacaste)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
147,000 (360,000) 1999
[nb 2]
Stretching from the Pacific across the Cordillera de Guanacaste to the Atlantic, the site contains a range of habitats, including some of the most pristine wetland forests worldwide and the best dry forest habitats in Central America; that provide space for several threatened plant and animal species such as the saltwater crocodile, leatherback sea turtle, جیگوار, jabiru, مہوگنی or guayacán. [13]
Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves Forested mountains topped by rocks. Brazilپارانا (ریاست), ساؤ پاؤلو (ریاست) and ریو دے جینیرو (ریاست) states,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
24°10′S 48°0′W / 24.167°S 48.000°W / -24.167; -48.000 (Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
468,193 (1,156,930); buffer zone 1,223,557 (3,023,480) 1999 The site comprises some of the last remaining Atlantic Forests and shows a very high diversity with many rare and endemic species. As such it is of high interest both for scientists and for conservation. [14]
Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System Underwater image of a green stone like object with patterns on the surface resembling a brain. Belizeبیلیز ضلع, ستان کریک ضلع and ٹولڈو ضلعs,
Flag of Belize.svg بیلیز
17°19′N 87°32′W / 17.317°N 87.533°W / 17.317; -87.533 (Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
96,300 (238,000) 1996 The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System is the largest reef system on the Northern Hemisphere and harbors several threatened species including sea turtles, manatees and the American crocodile. The site has been listed as endangered since 2009 due to mangrove cutting and overdevelopment. [15]
[16]
Blue and John Crow Mountains View over a mountain valley JamaicaFlag of Jamaica.svg جمیکا
18°04′39″N 76°34′16″W / 18.077500°N 76.571111°W / 18.077500; -76.571111 (Blue and John Crow Mountains)
Mixed:
(iii), (vi), (x)
26,252 (64,870); buffer zone 28,494 (70,410) 2015 [17]
براسیلیا Human sculptures and a hyperbolic shaped modern building with white ribs and glass. Brazilوفاقی ضلع (برازیل),
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
15°47′S 47°54′W / 15.783°S 47.900°W / -15.783; -47.900 (Brasília)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1987 Planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in 1956, Brasília was created ex nihilo in order to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central position. Together with چندی گڑھ in India it is the only place where لے کوربوزیہ's design principles of urbanism have been applied on large scale. [18]
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: فرناندو دے نورونہا and جزیرہ روکاس Reserves Rocky coast interspersed by sand beaches. Brazilپرنامبوکو and شمالی ریو گرانڈی,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
3°51′29″S 32°25′30″W / 3.85806°S 32.42500°W / -3.85806; -32.42500 (Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
42,270 (104,500); buffer zone 140,713 (347,710) 2001 As one of the few insular habitats in the بحر اوقیانوس, the site is essential as feeding ground and reproduction space for marine organisms including endangered and threatened species, most notably the hawksbill sea turtle. [19]
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park Fortifications near the sea. Saint Kitts and Nevisسینٹ کیٹز,
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg سینٹ کیٹز و ناویس
17°20′49″N 62°50′14″W / 17.34694°N 62.83722°W / 17.34694; -62.83722 (Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1999 Built during the 17th and 18th centuries by African slaves in a period of European colonial expansion, the fortress is an exceptionally well preserved example of British military architecture in the Caribbean. [20]
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site Large grassy mound. A flight of steps leads to the top of the mound. United Statesالینوائے,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
38°39′31″N 90°3′41″W / 38.65861°N 90.06139°W / 38.65861; -90.06139 (Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1982 The ancient city of Cahokia was the cultural, religious, and economic centre of the Mississippian culture. It was the earliest and largest pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico. [21]
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
Trailhead sign
Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
22°36′N 102°23′W / 22.600°N 102.383°W / 22.600; -102.383 (Camino Real de Tierra Adentro)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
3,102 (7,670); buffer zone 268,057 (662,380) 2010 The site consists of a 1,400 کلومیٹر (4,600,000 فٹ) long section of a 2,600 کلومیٹر (8,500,000 فٹ) long trade route ("Silver Road") that was used from the mid-16th to 19th century to transport mainly silver from mines in northern Mexico and mercury imported from Europe. In addition to the road, associated properties such as five urban centres[nb 3] that have been designated separately as World Heritage Sites, religious and other buildings are included in the nomination. [22]
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks Lake and forest in front of high rocky mountains with snow. Canadaالبرٹا and برٹش کولمبیا,
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
51°25′N 116°29′W / 51.417°N 116.483°W / 51.417; -116.483 (Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
2,306,884 (5,700,430) 1984
[nb 4]
With high peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons and limestone caves, the national parks that make up this site exemplify the exceptional features of the سلسلہ کوہ راکی. Furthermore, one of the world's most celebrated fossil fields, the Burgess Shale Formation is located within the inscribed property. [23]
[24]
Canaima National Park Table mountain, grassland and forest. VenezuelaBolívar,
Flag of Venezuela.svg وینیزویلا
5°20′N 61°30′W / 5.333°N 61.500°W / 5.333; -61.500 (Canaima National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
3,000,000 (7,400,000) 1994 The park is characterized by table-top mountains (tepui) that cover 65% of the area and are of both geological and biological interest, providing habitat to a large number of endemic species. اینجل آبشار, the world's highest waterfall is included in the property. [25]
Carlsbad Caverns National Park Column and array of stalactites in a cave. United Statesنیو میکسیکو,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
32°10′0″N 104°23′0″W / 32.16667°N 104.38333°W / 32.16667; -104.38333 (Carlsbad Caverns National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
18,926 (46,770) 1995 More than 80 limestone caves notable for their size and decorative rock formations (speleothems), some of which are assisted by bacteria, are included in the property. Their ease of access facilitates scientific research. [26]
Central Amazon Conservation Complex Satellite image of a wide river and smaller meandering tributaries running through a light green landscape. Brazilایمازوناس (برازیلی ریاست),
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
2°20′0″S 62°0′30″W / 2.33333°S 62.00833°W / -2.33333; -62.00833 (Central Amazon Conservation Complex)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
5,323,018 (13,153,460) 2000
[nb 5]
As the largest protected area in the Amazon basin, the site is notable for its high biodiversity, range of habitats such as várzea and igapó forests and number of endangered species. It has been recognized by various conservation agencies as a high priority region.[nb 6] [27]
[28]
Central Suriname Nature Reserve Densely wooded mountain landscape. Surinameسیپالیوینی ضلع,
Flag of Suriname.svg سرینام
4°0′N 56°30′W / 4.000°N 56.500°W / 4.000; -56.500 (Central Suriname Nature Reserve)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
1,600,000 (4,000,000) 2000 The site comprises a large undisturbed tract of tropical forst with high biodiversity, many endemic and threatened species. Due to topography and the range of soil conditions, it has various ecoregions. [29]
Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Tall square-shaped building decorated on the outside with murals. میکسیکو شہر, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°19′56″N 99°11′17″W / 19.33222°N 99.18806°W / 19.33222; -99.18806 (Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM))
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iv)
177 (440); buffer zone 1,102 (2,720) 2007 Built from 1949 and 1952 by more than 60 architects, the buildings, open spaces and sports facilities combine modern architecture with references to local pre-Hispanic traditions. They showcase universal ideals such as access to education and improvement in the quality of life that were prevalent in post-revolutionary Mexico. [30]
Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks Rocky mountain landscape and valley. BrazilCentral Brazil Plateau, گوئیاس,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
14°0′20″S 47°41′5″W / 14.00556°S 47.68472°W / -14.00556; -47.68472 (Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
367,356 (907,760) 2001 The two parks are characteristic of the cerrado, one of the world's oldest tropical ecosystems and an important refuge for species in times of climate change. [31]
Chaco Culture Ruins of a circular and rectangular buildings made of stones. United Statesنیو میکسیکو,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
36°3′50″N 107°58′15″W / 36.06389°N 107.97083°W / 36.06389; -107.97083 (Chaco Culture)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1987 Notable for its monumental buildings, the site bears testimony to a Pueblo culture that dominated large parts of present-day south-western United States from the mid-9th to early 13th centuries. [32]
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone Chan Chan Peruلا لیورتاد علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
8°6′S 79°5′W / 8.100°S 79.083°W / -8.100; -79.083 (Chan Chan Archaeological Zone))
ثقافتی:
(i), (iii)
600 (1,500) 1986 The city of Chan Chan served as the capital of the Chimú culture. The Chimú kingdom developed along the coast of northern Peru. Chan Chan is divided into nine walled units indicating political and social division. The Chimú were conquered by the انکا in 1470. The site was listed to the List of World Heritage in Danger when it was first inscribed, as the adobe constructions are easily damaged by heavy rain and erosion. [33]
[34]
[35]
Chavín (Archaeological Site) Stone ruins and stairs. PeruHuari Province, انکاش علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
9°35′34″S 77°10′42″W / 9.59278°S 77.17833°W / -9.59278; -77.17833 (Chavin (Archaeological Site))
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1985 The Chavín culture developed in the سلسلہ کوہ انڈیز highlands between 1500 and 300 BC, and the site now known as Chavín de Huantar served as the center. The site consists of a complex of terraces and squares cut from rock. It is believed the Chavín were primarily a religious-based society whose influence resulted from their culture, rather than aggressive expansion. [36]
[37]
Churches of Chiloé Wooden church with a single central tower covered in shingles. ChileChiloé Province, لوس لاگوس علاقہ,
Flag of Chile.svg چلی
42°30′0″S 73°46′0″W / 42.50000°S 73.76667°W / -42.50000; -73.76667 (Churches of Chiloé)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii)
&10000000000000000000000 2000 The churches are the most prominent example of Chilota wooden architecture fusing European and indigenous traditions. They are a result of 17th and 18th century Jesuit missions. [38]
کوزکو Large stone church with two massive towers and three entrances on the main facade. Peruکوزکو علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
13°31′20″S 71°59′0″W / 13.52222°S 71.98333°W / -13.52222; -71.98333 (City of Cuzco)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1983 Cuzco was developed by the Inca king Pachacutec, who ruled the Kingdom of Cuzco as it expanded to become the انکا in the 15th century. It became the most important city of the Inca Empire, divided into distinct areas for religious and administrative use, and surrounded by an organized system of agriculture, artisan, and industrial uses. After the Spanish conquered the empire in the 16th century, they built Baroque churches and buildings over the Inca ruins. [39]
City of پوتوسی City of small simple houses in front of a large conical red mountain. BoliviaPotosí, محکمہ پوتوسی,
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
19°35′1″S 65°45′11″W / 19.58361°S 65.75306°W / -19.58361; -65.75306 (City of Potosí)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
130 (320) 1987 Following the discovery of the New World's largest silver reserves in the mid-16th century, Potosí was regarded as the world's largest industrial complex of the time. The site contains industrial facilities of the Cerro Rico, colonial public and residential architecture. [40]
City of کیٹو A square with a large white church with one tower and several cuppolas. EcuadorQuito, Quito Canton, پیچینچا صوبہ,
Flag of Ecuador.svg ایکواڈور
0°0′14″N 78°30′0″W / 0.00389°N 78.50000°W / 0.00389; -78.50000 (City of Quito)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
320 (790) 1978 Built in Spanish colonial style, the former capital of the Royal Audiencia of Quito.کیٹو is the most original and best preserved historic center of its kind in Latin America. [41]
Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas Abstract sculpture in front of a 20th-century tall building partially painted red. VenezuelaMunicipality of Libertador, کاراکاس,
Flag of Venezuela.svg وینیزویلا
10°29′27″N 66°53′26″W / 10.49083°N 66.89056°W / 10.49083; -66.89056 (Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 2000 Designed by Carlos Raúl Villanueva, the university campus is considered a masterpiece of early 20th century architecture and urban planning. It derives from colonial traditions, providing an airy solution well suited to the tropical climate. [42]
Cocos Island National Park Hilly coast with grassland, forest and a sandy beach. Costa Ricaپونتاریناس صوبہ,
Flag of Costa Rica.svg کوسٹاریکا
5°32′N 87°4′W / 5.533°N 87.067°W / 5.533; -87.067 (Cocos Island National Park)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
199,790 (493,700) 1997
[nb 7]
As the only island in the tropical eastern Pacific, Cocos Island provides unique marine habitats for large pelagic fish such as sharks, tuna, dolphins or rays. [43]
[44]
Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia Coffee plantations in Quinchía. ColombiaFlag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
5°28′N 75°41′W / 5.467°N 75.683°W / 5.467; -75.683 (Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia)
ثقافتی:
(v), (vi)
141,120 (348,700); buffer zone 207,000 (510,000) 2011 The 100-year-old coffee cultivation in is emblematic of Colombian culture and has impacted cultural and social traditions in music, architecture, cuisine, education and others. [45]
Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection Sand beach with palm trees and drift wood. Panamaویراگواس صوبہ and چیرکی صوبہ Provinces,
Flag of Panama.svg پاناما
7°26′N 81°46′W / 7.433°N 81.767°W / 7.433; -81.767 (Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
270,125 (667,490) 2005 The park protects islands and marine areas in the Gulf of Chiriquí and is home to an exceptionally large number of endemic mammals, birds and plants as well as to a several threatened species. The marine ecosystem is characterized by a very large biodiversity with 760 species of marine fishes, 33 species of sharks and 20 species of حوتیہ. [46]
Colonial City of Santo Domingo Low old houses and a church with a large white cupola in the distance. Dominican Republicوفاقی ضلع، جمہوریہ ڈومینیکن,
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg جمہوریہ ڈومینیکن
18°29′0″N 69°55′0″W / 18.48333°N 69.91667°W / 18.48333; -69.91667 (Colonial City of Santo Domingo)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
93 (230) 1990 Santo Domingo was founded in 1498 shortly after the arrival of کرسٹوفر کولمبس on the island and had the first cathedral, hospital, customs house and university built in the New World. Its grid patterned town plan became the model for other colonial towns in the Americas. [47]
سانتا آنا دے کورو A street with single-storied colorful houses. Venezuelaفالکون,
Flag of Venezuela.svg وینیزویلا
11°24′N 69°41′W / 11.400°N 69.683°W / 11.400; -69.683 (Coro and its Port)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
107 (260); buffer zone 107 (260) 1993 Founded in 1527, Coro was one of the earliest colonial towns in the Americas. Its earthen constructions are the only extant example of fusion of Caribbean with Spanish مدجن and Dutch architecture. The site has been listed as endangered since 2005 following damage due to heavy rain and the construction of various structures in the buffer zone. [48]
[49]
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas Red and white handprints on a rock face. Argentinaصوبہ سانتا کروز، ارجنٹائن,
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
47°9′0″S 70°40′0″W / 47.15000°S 70.66667°W / -47.15000; -70.66667 (Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1999 Named for the paintings of hands, the cave contains rock art from between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago that bear witness to the earliest human inhabitants in South America. [50]
Darien National Park An ocelot lying on a tree branch. Panamaداریئن صوبہ,
Flag of Panama.svg پاناما
7°44′N 77°33′W / 7.733°N 77.550°W / 7.733; -77.550 (Darien National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
597,000 (1,480,000) 1981 Situated on the border between South and Central America, the park consists of a wide range of habitats including sandy and rocky coastlines, mangroves, swamps, upland and lowland tropical forests. Two Indian tribes, the Chocó and the Kuna live in the property. [51]
Desembarco del Granma National Park Tourists at a tropical waterfall Cubaگرانما صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
19°53′N 77°38′W / 19.883°N 77.633°W / 19.883; -77.633 (Desembarco del Granma National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
32,576 (80,500) 1999 The park features a unique karst topography with features such as terraces, cliffs, and waterfalls. [52]
[53]
Dinosaur Provincial Park A skeleton of a dinosaur. Canadaالبرٹا,
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
50°46′4″N 111°29′32″W / 50.76778°N 111.49222°W / 50.76778; -111.49222 (Dinosaur Provincial Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
7,493 (18,520) 1979 The park is noted for the beauty of its badland landscape and as a major fossil site. Specimens of every group of cretaceous dinosaurs have been found here including those of 35 species dating more than 75 Million years ago. [54]
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves Small waterfall sided by two large rocks. BrazilAtlantic Coast, باہیا and اسپیریتو سانتو states,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
16°30′S 39°15′W / 16.500°S 39.250°W / -16.500; -39.250 (Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
111,930 (276,600) 1999 The site comprises some of the last remaining Atlantic Forests and shows a very high diversity with many rare and endemic species. As such it is of high interest both for scientists and for conservation. [55]
Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl
Front of a church with two towers. The portal around the door is decorated with reliefs of two angels, Maria and two other figures.
موریلوس and پوئبلا, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
18°56′N 98°54′W / 18.933°N 98.900°W / 18.933; -98.900 (Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1994 The site comprises 14 monasteries built by Augustinians, Franciscans and Dominicans near Popocatépetl volcano. Stylistically they are characterized by an emphasize on open spaces, a concept that influenced architecture in Mexico and beyond. [56]
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve Crater Elegante with the Pinacate peaks. سونورا, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
32°00′00″N 113°55′00″W / 32.00000°N 113.91667°W / 32.00000; -113.91667 (El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (x)
714,566 (1,765,730); buffer zone 354,871 (876,910); 2013 The 714,566 hectare site comprises two distinct parts: the dormant volcanic Pinacate Shield of black and red lava flows and desert pavements to the east, and, in the west, the Gran Altar Desert with its ever changing and varied sand dunes that can reach a height of 200 metres. This landscape of dramatic contrast notably features linear, star and dome dunes as well as several arid granite massifs, some as high as 650 metres. [57]
El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City Ruins of a stone pyramid with about five levels. Each side of a step contains niches. ویراکروز, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°28′35″N 97°22′39″W / 20.47639°N 97.37750°W / 20.47639; -97.37750 (El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1992 Flourishing from the early 9th to early 13th century, El Tajin is the prime site of the period between the Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan empires. [58]
Everglades National Park A large white bird with black wingtips and a long slightly curved beak is perched on a branch above grassland. United Statesفلوریڈا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
25°19′N 80°56′W / 25.317°N 80.933°W / 25.317; -80.933 (Everglades National Park)
قدرتی:
(viii), (ix), (x)
592,920 (1,465,100) 1979 The vast wetlands and coastal/marine habitats of the park have made it a sanctuary for many animals including 20 rare, endangered and threatened species such as the Florida panther and the manatee. The site has been endangered from 1993–2007 following damage due to Hurricane Andrew and since 2010 due to continued degradation and a loss of marine habitat. [59]
[60]
[61]
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo Ruins of a fort near water. Panamaکولون صوبہ,
Flag of Panama.svg پاناما
9°33′14″N 79°39′21″W / 9.55389°N 79.65583°W / 9.55389; -79.65583 (Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1980 As outstanding examples of Spanish military architecture, the forts were constructed in the 17th and 18th centuries to protect the Isthmus of Panama which had been of great importance to European colonial trade. [62]
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro
Facade of a church with one tower. The main portal is richly decorated with relief and sculptures and features a clock at the top.
کوارتارو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
21°12′16″N 99°27′51″W / 21.20444°N 99.46417°W / 21.20444; -99.46417 (Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii)
104 (260) 2003 These five missions were built jointly with the indios towards the final phase of Christianization of Mexico in the mid-18th century. They played an important role in the further evangalization of California, Arizona and Texas. [63]
فرای بینتوس Aisle between sets of industrial machinery on a factory floor Uruguayریو نیگرو محکمہ,
Flag of Uruguay.svg یوراگوئے
33°07′04″S 58°19′54″W / 33.117778°S 58.331667°W / -33.117778; -58.331667 (Fray Bentos Cultural-Industrial Landscape)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
274 (680); buffer zone 2,128 (5,260) 2015 [64]
Fuerte de Samaipata 150x150px BoliviaFlorida Province, محکمہ سانتا کروز (بولیویا),
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
18°10′S 63°49′W / 18.167°S 63.817°W / -18.167; -63.817 (Fuerte de Samaipata)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1998 Samaipata consists of remains of a town, and more prominently a large sculpted rock (14th–16th centuries) thought to have been the ceremonial centre of a pre-Hispanic culture. [65]
جزائر گالاپاگوز Landscape with little vegetation, rocks and an isthmus. گالاپاگوس صوبہ, Flag of Ecuador.svg ایکواڈور
0°40′S 90°30′W / 0.667°S 90.500°W / -0.667; -90.500 (Galápagos Islands)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
14,066,514 (34,759,110) 1978 This remote archipelago of volcanic islands is famed for the high degree of endemism and is associated with ڈارون whose observations here contributed to the inception of Darwin's theory of نظریۂ ارتقا by قدرتی انتخاب. The site had been listed as endangered for various reasons[nb 8] 2007–2010. [66]
[67]
[68]
[69]
Grand Canyon National Park Very wide and deep canyon with some vegetation. United Statesایریزونا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
36°6′3″N 112°5′26″W / 36.10083°N 112.09056°W / 36.10083; -112.09056 (Grand Canyon National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
493,077 (1,218,420) 1979 Plunging down 1,500 میٹر (4,900 فٹ) to the Colorado River, it is one of the world's most spectacular gorges. In addition the varying elevations of the canyon walls have created diverse ecosystems for numerous endemic, rare and endangered species. The river's erosion has exposed soils from the قبل کیمبری دور to the Cenozoic often including a rich fossil assembly. [70]
Great Smoky Mountains National Park Densely forested mountains. United Statesٹینیسی and شمالی کیرولائنا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
35°36′N 83°26′W / 35.600°N 83.433°W / 35.600; -83.433 (Great Smoky Mountains National Park)
ثقافتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
209,000 (520,000) 1983 With more than 3,500 plant species, the park is among the largest remnants of Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora. It is also home to the world's largest number of salamander species and famous for its mist-shrouded virgin forests. [71]
Gros Morne National Park Mountain landscape with little vegetation and ocher stones. Canadaنیو فاؤنڈ لینڈ اور لیبراڈور,
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
49°37′N 57°32′W / 49.617°N 57.533°W / 49.617; -57.533 (Gros Morne National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
180,500 (446,000) 1987 With deep ocean crust and rocks of the earth's mantle lying exposed, the park illustrates continental drift. Landlocked freshwater fjords, glacier-scoured headlands in an ocean setting contribute to the natural beauty of this wilderness area. [72]
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump A line of rocks overlooking a plain. Canadaالبرٹا
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
49°44′58″N 113°37′26″W / 49.74944°N 113.62389°W / 49.74944; -113.62389 (Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump)
ثقافتی:
(vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1981 The property consists of remains of a camp, of trails and a tumulus of bones of the American bison bearing testimony to nearly 6000 years of communal hunting in which the bisons were driven over a cliff, a practice known as buffalo jump. [73]
Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa Facade of a very large white church with two tall towers. Peruاریکیپا علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
16°24′0″S 71°32′0″W / 16.40000°S 71.53333°W / -16.40000; -71.53333 (Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa))
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv)
167 (410); buffer zone 165 (410) 2000 Arequipa is built primarily on top of sillar, a white volcanic rock, the product of nearby El Misti volcano. The architecture of the city is known for its combination of traditional indigenous styles with the new techniques of the European colonial settlers. [74]
Historic Area of ویلمسٹیڈ, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao Port with colorful houses in blue, brown, green, yellow, pink. NetherlandsWillemstad, کیوراساؤ, نیدرلینڈز انٹیلیز
Flag of the Netherlands.svg نیدرلینڈز
12°6′7″N 68°54′8″W / 12.10194°N 68.90222°W / 12.10194; -68.90222 (Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (v)
86 (210); buffer zone 87 (210) 1997 The architecture of the 17th-century Dutch trading settlement Willemstad combines styles from the Netherlands with Spanish and Portuguese colonial towns. [75]
Historic برج ٹاؤن and its Garrison Clock tower of red bricks. BarbadosBridgetown
Flag of Barbados.svg بارباڈوس
13°5′48″N 59°36′50″W / 13.09667°N 59.61389°W / 13.09667; -59.61389 (Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
187 (460); buffer zone 321 (790) 2011 Bridgetown is an excellent example of a British colonial settlement built from the 17th to 19th century. Unlike Dutch and Spanish settlements of the area, the town is not laid out on a grid plan but follows a serpentine urban design. [76]
Historic Centre of کاماگوئے There is a large stone building in the center with a tall tower. Behind are several smaller buildings with red roofs. Cubaکاماگوئی صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
21°22′43″N 77°55′7″W / 21.37861°N 77.91861°W / 21.37861; -77.91861 (Historic Centre of Camagüey)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
54 (130); buffer zone 276 (680) 2008 Camagüey is among the first seven villages founded by the Spanish in Cuba, first settled in 1528. The irregular organization of the city is distinct from the typical, orderly construction of most other Spanish settlements. This maze-like style was influenced by medieval European ideas and traditional construction methods of early immigrant masons and construction workers. [77]
Historic Centre of سلواڈور، باہیا Large three-storied buildings with facades painted in bright colors: light blue and yellow. Brazilباہیا state,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
12°58′0″S 38°30′0″W / 12.96667°S 38.50000°W / -12.96667; -38.50000 (Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1985 The colonial old town of the first Brazilian capital and town of the first slave market in the New World, has preserved a large number of brightly colored Renaissance houses decorated with stucco work from the 16th to 18th centuries. [78]
Historic Centre of کوئنکا، ایکواڈور Roofs and towers of a small white church and a larger brown brick church with three large white-blue cuppolas. Ecuadorآسوای صوبہ,
Flag of Ecuador.svg ایکواڈور
2°53′0″S 78°59′0″W / 2.88333°S 78.98333°W / -2.88333; -78.98333 (Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (v)
200 (490) 1999 Founded in 1557 on an orthogonal town plan, the townscape of Cuenca is an expression of the fusion of different societies and cultures and a showcase of Renaissance urban design in Latin America. [79]
Historic Centre of Lima Large square with a fountain and four storied yellow buildings with large glassed balconies. Peruلیما صوبہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
12°3′5″S 77°2′35″W / 12.05139°S 77.04306°W / -12.05139; -77.04306 (Historic Centre of Lima))
ثقافتی:
(iv)
200 (490) 1988
[nb 9]
Lima was founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 as La Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings). Until the middle of the 18th century, it was the most important city in Spanish South America. The architecture and decoration combine the style of both the local population and Europe, such as in the Monastery of San Francisco, which was the site's original listing in 1988, before it was extended in 1991. [80]
[81]
Historic Centre of میکسیکو شہر and زو کچی ملکو Roofed barges with many people on a canal. میکسیکو شہر, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°25′6″N 99°7′58″W / 19.41833°N 99.13278°W / 19.41833; -99.13278 (Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 1987 Mexico City, built in the 16th century on the ruins of Tenochtitlan preserves Aztec ruins, the largest cathedral in the Americas and 19th/20th century public architecture. Xochimilco is characterized by a network of canals and artificial islands (chinampas) built in pre-Hispanic times. [82]
موریلیا Large church with two main towers and two cuppolas. میشواکان, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°42′16″N 101°11′30″W / 19.70444°N 101.19167°W / 19.70444; -101.19167 (Historic Centre of Morelia)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
390 (960) 1991 Built in the 16th century, Morelia still shows the original street layout and has more than 200 historic buildings constructed of locally available pink stone in a style fusing elements of renaissance, baroque and neo-classicism. [83]
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán Ruins of a two-level stone platform. A wide staircase is leading up on one side and there are parts of columns on the upper platform. اوکساکا, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
17°3′43″N 96°43′18″W / 17.06194°N 96.72167°W / 17.06194; -96.72167 (Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
375 (930); buffer zone 121 (300) 1987 The site includes the pre-Columbian ceremonial site Monte Albán occupied during a 1500-year period by Olmecs, Zapotecs and Mixtecs, the colonial town Oaxaca founded in 1529 and the originally Mixtec settlement Cuilapan where Dominicans established a major monastery in the mid-16th century. [84]
پوئبلا، پوئبلا Violet-lit fountain on a city square at night پوئبلا، پوئبلا, پوئبلا, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°2′50″N 98°12′30″W / 19.04722°N 98.20833°W / 19.04722; -98.20833 (Historic Centre of Puebla)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
597 (1,480); buffer zone 102 (250) 1987 Founded in 1531, Puebla is notable for its 16th/17th century cathedral and colonial houses some of which are covered in blue tiles (azulejos). Stylistically the Baroque district of Puebla shows the fusion of European and American elements. [85]
Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox Facade of a stone church with tower painted in white and yellow. Colombiaبولیوار محکمہ,
Flag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
9°14′0″N 74°26′0″W / 9.23333°N 74.43333°W / 9.23333; -74.43333 (Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
458 (1,130); buffer zone 632 (1,560) 1995 Mompox, founded in 1540 on a major river has preserved in its historic centre the colonial past with many buildings still serving their original function. [86]
Historic Centre of São Luís A cobblestone street of old single-storied brightly colored houses. Brazilمارانہاؤ state,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
2°30′51″S 44°18′9″W / 2.51417°S 44.30250°W / -2.51417; -44.30250 (Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 1997 São Luís has preserved the complete rectangular town plan and a large number of historical buildings making it a prime example of a Portuguese colonial town. [87]
Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina Old church, cobble stone streets and two-storied houses with white facades. Brazilمیناس گیرائس,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
18°40′0″S 43°36′0″W / 18.66667°S 43.60000°W / -18.66667; -43.60000 (Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
29 (72) 1999 A well-preserved example of Baroque architecture, this 18th-century colonial town was founded in an inhospitable environment of rocky mountains and became a center of diamond mining in the 18th and 19th centuries. [88]
Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás Facade of a two-storied stone church, largely painted white/beige with red/brownish window frames. Brazilگوئیاس,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
15°56′0″S 50°8′0″W / 15.93333°S 50.13333°W / -15.93333; -50.13333 (Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
40 (99); buffer zone 44 (110) 2001 Founded in 1727 by the bandeirante explorer Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva, Goiás has preserved much of its colonial heritage and is an example of a European settlement in the interior of South America. [89]
Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda White stone church with red tile roof near the sea. Brazilپرنامبوکو,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
8°0′48″S 34°50′42″W / 8.01333°S 34.84500°W / -8.01333; -34.84500 (Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
120 (300); buffer zone 920 (2,300) 1982 Founded in 1537 the town prospered as a centre of sugar-cane production. Following looting by the Dutch in the 17th century, the historic centre dates largely to the 18th century with a harmonious combination of buildings, gardens, churches, convents and chapels. [90]
زاکاٹیکاس (شہر) Calle Hidalgo in the Historic Centre of Zacatecas زاکاٹیکاس (شہر), زاکاٹیکاس, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
22°46′0″N 102°33′20″W / 22.76667°N 102.55556°W / 22.76667; -102.55556 (Historic Centre of Zacatecas)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
110 (270) 1993 Zacatecas prospered as a center of silver production in the 16th and 17th centuries. The designated property comprises religious and secular buildings with most of them dating to the 17th and 18th centuries. [91]
Historic City of سکرے View through an arch onto a paved square with a fountain in the center and a white church on the far side BoliviaOropeza Province, محکمہ چوکویساکا,
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
19°2′35″S 65°15′33″W / 19.04306°S 65.25917°W / -19.04306; -65.25917 (Historic City of Sucre)
ثقافتی:
(iv)
114 (280) 1991 Founded by the Spanish in 1538, Sucre has retained many of its 16th century religious buildings showing the fusion of local and European architectural styles. [92]
Historic District of Old Québec Relatively tall and narrow five storied building of grey stone with a dark roof and an attached clock tower. Canadaکیوبک شہر, کیوبیک
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
46°48′34″N 71°12′38″W / 46.80944°N 71.21056°W / 46.80944; -71.21056 (Historic District of Old Québec)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1985 Founded by the French in the 17th century, the urban ensemble of Old Québec is the most complete example of a European fortified town north of Mexico. [93]
کامپیچی (شہر) Brightly colored houses with balconies. کامپیچی (شہر), کامپیچی, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°50′47″N 90°32′14″W / 19.84639°N 90.53722°W / 19.84639; -90.53722 (Historic Fortified Town of Campeche)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
181 (450) 1999 Campeche is a typical example of a Baroque Spanish colonial town with a grid layout. Its fortifications built in the 17th and 18th centuries as defense against pirates are an excellent example of military architecture of the time. [94]
Historic Inner City of پاراماریبو Street with two storied wooden houses. Many of the houses have a balcony along the street side. Surinameپاراماریبو ضلع,
Flag of Suriname.svg سرینام
5°49′34″N 55°9′0″W / 5.82611°N 55.15000°W / 5.82611; -55.15000 (Historic Inner City of Paramaribo)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
30 (74); buffer zone 60 (150) 2002 Founded as a Dutch colonial town in the 17th century, Paramaribo has preserved its unique street plan with buildings showing the gradual influence of Dutch architectural traditions. [95]
کوارتارو، کوارتارو
A fountain under an arch with a figure wielding a trident on top.
Querétaro, کوارتارو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°35′0″N 100°22′0″W / 20.58333°N 100.36667°W / 20.58333; -100.36667 (Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1996 Querétaro has preserved many of its buildings from the 17th and 18th century and is exceptional for its street plan which has both, the grid plan typical of Spanish colonial towns and twisting alleys in the Indian quarters. [96]
Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan A street with single-storied colonned buildings that are painted in various colors. Tlacotalpan, ویراکروز, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
18°36′30″N 95°39′30″W / 18.60833°N 95.65833°W / 18.60833; -95.65833 (Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1998 The layout and architecture of the property is an exceptionally well-preserved example of Spanish-Caribbean fusion and is characterised by wide streets, low houses in a variety of styles and colors, and many trees. [97]
Historic Quarter of the City of کولونیا دیل ساکرامینتو Stone wall with gate and draw bridge. Uruguayکولونیا محکمہ,
Flag of Uruguay.svg یوراگوئے
34°28′4″S 57°51′12″W / 34.46778°S 57.85333°W / -34.46778; -57.85333 (Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento)
ثقافتی:
(iv)
16 (40) 1995 Founded in 1680 by the Portuguese, the town changed hands between Spanish and Portuguese multiple times during the 17th and 18th centuries and was finally lost to the Spanish. Its well-preserved townscape bears testimony to the fusion of Spanish and Portuguese colonial styles. [98]
Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of بآلپارایسو Cityscape with some colorful houses on a slope. ChileValparaíso Province,
Flag of Chile.svg چلی
33°2′26″S 71°37′41″W / 33.04056°S 71.62806°W / -33.04056; -71.62806 (Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
23 (57); buffer zone 45 (110) 2003 In the late 19th century Valparaíso prospered as a stopover point for ships travelling between the Atlantic and Pacific via the Straits of Magellan. Its historic quarter set on steep hillsides has bears testimony to this early phase of globalization. [99]
Historic Sanctuary of ماچو پیچو Ruins of a city in the mountains. PeruCuzco,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
13°7′0″S 72°35′0″W / 13.11667°S 72.58333°W / -13.11667; -72.58333 (Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu)
Mixed:
(i) (iii), (vii), (ix)
32,592 (80,540) 1983 At 2,340 میٹر (7,680 فٹ) above sea level, the site of Machu Picchu was constructed as an expansive mountain estate around the middle of the 15th century, and abandoned approximately 100 years later. It includes walls, terraces, and buildings constructed from rock. The city was home to about 1,200 people, mostly priests, women, and children. It was left abandoned prior to the Spanish arrival in Cuzco most likely due to چیچک. [100]
[101]
گوانجواتو شہر Yellow and red church with cuppolas and two towers one of which has a clock. Guanajuato, گوانجواتو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
21°1′1″N 101°15′20″W / 21.01694°N 101.25556°W / 21.01694; -101.25556 (Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iv), (vi)
190 (470) 1988 The prosperity of the town as the largest silver producer in the 18th century is reflected in beautiful Baroque and neo-classical buildings. [102]
Historic Town of Ouro Preto Two-storied white buildings with red roof tiles lining a square. At the end of the square there is a prominent building with a clock tower. Brazilمیناس گیرائس,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
20°23′20″S 43°30′20″W / 20.38889°S 43.50556°W / -20.38889; -43.50556 (Historic Town of Ouro Preto)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1980 The prosperity of the town as the center of the Brazilian gold rush in the 18th century is reflected in a large number of preserved churches, bridges and fountains many of them designed by the Baroque sculptor Aleijadinho. [103]
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda White houses near the sea. BermudaSt. George
Flag of Bermuda.svg برمودا، Flag of the United Kingdom.svg مملکت متحدہ
32°22′46″N 64°40′40″W / 32.37944°N 64.67778°W / 32.37944; -64.67778 (Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda)
ثقافتی:
(iv)
258 (640) 2000 The oldest English town in the New World, St George's fortifications bear testimony to the development of English military architecture from the 17th to 20th centuries. [104]
Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara
Entrance to a major stone building with colonnades and bells above the main entrance.
گواڈلہارا, جلیسکو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°40′26″N 103°20′23″W / 20.67389°N 103.33972°W / 20.67389; -103.33972 (Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1997 The early 19th century Hospicio is one of the earliest hospital complexes in ہسپانوی امریکہ. Its architecture, designed with this purpose in mind, contains several unique features and is notable for the size, simplicity and relationship between open and built spaces. A series of murals by José Clemente Orozco is located within the complex. [105]
Huascarán National Park High, snow-capped rocky mountain. Peruانکاش علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
9°20′S 77°24′W / 9.333°S 77.400°W / -9.333; -77.400 (Huascarán National Park))
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
340,000 (840,000) 1985 Huascarán National Park is located in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range of the سلسلہ کوہ انڈیز. It surrounds Huascarán, the tallest peak in Peru. The physical environment includes glaciers, ravines, and lakes, while the park is home to several regional animal species. [106]
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works Industrial structure in a desert setting. ChileTarapacá,
Flag of Chile.svg چلی
20°12′30″S 69°47′40″W / 20.20833°S 69.79444°W / -20.20833; -69.79444 (Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 2005 Situated in the صحرائے ایٹاکاما, the two saltpeter works are representative of the saltpeter industry that flourished in northern Chile in the 19th and early 20th century and brought together people from different parts of South America and Europe creating a unique culture with its own language and customs. The site has been listed as endangered since 2005 due to damage, vandalism, looting and the general fragile nature of the structures as a result of a 40 years' lack of maintenance. [107][108]
Iguaçu National Park A large horseshoe shaped waterfall. Brazilپارانا (ریاست),
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
25°41′S 54°26′W / 25.683°S 54.433°W / -25.683; -54.433 (Iguaçu National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (x)
170,086 (420,290) 1986 Together with Iguazú National Park on the Argentinian side, the park protects اگوازو آبشار, one of the world's largest waterfalls, and is home to many rare and endangered species such as giant anteater or the giant otter. The site had been listed as endangered 1999–2001 due to an illegally opened road through the park, dams on the Iguazu River and helicopter flights. [109]
Iguazú National Park A large waterfall in a densely vegetated area. Argentinaصوبہ میسیونس, Mesopotamia
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
25°31′5″S 54°8′0″W / 25.51806°S 54.13333°W / -25.51806; -54.13333 (Iguazú National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (x)
55,000 (140,000) 1984 Together with Iguaçu National Park on the Brazilian side, the park protects اگوازو آبشار, one of the world's largest waterfalls. Its subtropical rainforest is home to more than 2000 species of vascular plants and large mammals such as tapirs, giant anteaters, howler monkeys, ocelots and جیگوارs. [110]
Ilulissat Icefjord Icebergs in the sea. DenmarkIlulissat, western Flag of Greenland.svg گرین لینڈ،
Flag of Denmark.svg ڈنمارک
69°8′N 49°30′W / 69.133°N 49.500°W / 69.133; -49.500 (Ilulissat Icefjord)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
402,400 (994,000) 2004 The Jakobshavn Glacier, calves into the Ilulissat fjord is one of the most active glaciers moving at 19 metres/day and accounting for 10% of the Greenlandish calf ice. Similar phenomena exist in Antarctica, however its relative ease of access for scientists and visitors makes it unique in the world. [111]
Independence Hall Two-storied red brick building and behind it a clock tower. United Statesفلاڈیلفیا، پنسلوانیا, پنسلوانیا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
39°56′55″N 75°9′0″W / 39.94861°N 75.15000°W / 39.94861; -75.15000 (Independence Hall)
ثقافتی:
(vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1979 Both the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were signed in this building. Concepts of freedom and democracy set forth in these documents have influenced charters of many countries and the UN charter. [112]
Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks A red and vertical rock face. Argentinaصوبہ سان خوآن، ارجنٹائن and صوبہ لا ریوخا، ارجنٹائن Province
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
30°0′S 68°0′W / 30.000°S 68.000°W / -30.000; -68.000 (Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks)
قدرتی:
(viii)
275,369 (680,450) 2000 As the most complete continental fossil site of the Triassic period (245–208 million years ago), the propertie's remains of mammals, dinosaurs and plants reveal the evolution of vertebrates. [113]
خلیج کیلی فورنیا
Gulf of California
باخا کیلیفورنیا, باخا کیلیفورنیا سر, سونورا, سینالوا and نایاریت, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
27°38′N 112°33′W / 27.633°N 112.550°W / 27.633; -112.550 (Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
&10000000000000000000000 2005
[nb 10]
The property has marine and insular habitats including bridge islands[nb 11] and oceanic islands.[nb 12] It constitutes a unique ecoregion of exceptional biodiversity with 695 species of plant, 891 species of fish (90 of which are endemic), 39% of the world's marine mammal species, and a large number of bird species. [114]
[115]
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba Stone church or monastery complex beyond a lake. Argentinaقرطبہ، ارجنٹائن
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
31°25′14″S 64°11′28″W / 31.42056°S 64.19111°W / -31.42056; -64.19111 (Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 2000 Founded in the early 17th century, this Jesuit reduction has preserved the university, church, residences and five farming estates (estancias), illustrating the missionary and economic activities carried out by the Jesuits over a period of 150 years in the New World. [116]
Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue Ruins of stone buildings. Paraguay
Flag of Paraguay.svg پیراگوئے
27°8′S 55°42′W / 27.133°S 55.700°W / -27.133; -55.700 (Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue)
ثقافتی:
(iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1993 The ruins of these Jesuit reductions bear testimony to the missionary, social and economical activities of the Jesuits in the Rio de la Plata Basin in the 17th and 18th centuries. [117]
Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos A wooden bell-tower and a church in three-quarter view. The bell-tower consists of a roof-covered platform supported by four columns with twisted fluting. Clocks are attached to the platform and a spiral staircase leads to it. The facade of the church is white and decorated with orange paintings. The church roof is rather large. Boliviaمحکمہ سانتا کروز (بولیویا),
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
16°0′S 60°30′W / 16.000°S 60.500°W / -16.000; -60.500 (Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 1990 Six settlements in the Chiquitania have been preserved as living heritage of their past as Jesuit reductions in the 17th and 18th centuries. Their churches largely restored in the late 20th century are a fusion of indigenous and European architectural traditions. [118]
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of São Miguel das Missões (برازیل) Ruins of a stone church facade and tower. Argentinaصوبہ میسیونس, Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن* and جنوبی ریو گرانڈی, Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل*
28°32′36″S 54°15′57″W / 28.54333°S 54.26583°W / -28.54333; -54.26583 (Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil))
ثقافتی:
(iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1983
[nb 13]
Each of the five ruined Jesuit missions founded amidst a tropical forest in the land of the Guaraní people in the 17th and 18th centuries is characterized by a specific design. [119]
[120]
Joggins Fossil Cliffs Fossilized tree trunk in a rock face. Canadaنووا سکوشیا
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
45°42′35″N 64°26′9″W / 45.70972°N 64.43583°W / 45.70972; -64.43583 (Joggins Fossil Cliffs)
قدرتی:
(viii)
689 (1,700); buffer zone 29 (72) 2008 This paleontological site contains the most complete terrestrial fossil record of the Carboniferous period including tracks of early animals and of the rainforest they lived in. [121]
Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site Archaeological excavation of a building. El SalvadorOpico, لا لیبیرتاڈ محکمہ (ایل سیلواڈور),
Flag of El Salvador.svg ایل سیلواڈور
13°49′39″N 89°22′9″W / 13.82750°N 89.36917°W / 13.82750; -89.36917 (Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1993 Joya de Cerén are the remains of a pre-Hispanic farming community that has been preserved largely intact buried under a volcanic eruption around 590 AD. It provides valuable archaeological for everyday life in the 6th century. [122]
Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek A glacier, mountains of black gravel and snowcovered mountains. Canadaبرٹش کولمبیا and يوكون, Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا*;
الاسکا, Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ*
61°12′N 141°0′W / 61.200°N 141.000°W / 61.200; -141.000 (Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
9,839,121 (24,313,000) 1979
[nb 14]
These parks comprise the world's largest non-polar icefield, some of the largest glaciers and a tectonically active mountain landscape. They are home to a number of species endangered elsewhere such as bears, wolves, رینڈیر and Dall sheep. [123]
[124]
[125]
La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico Blue building on top of an old wall near water. United StatesSan Juan, پورٹو ریکو,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
18°28′0″N 66°7′30″W / 18.46667°N 66.12500°W / 18.46667; -66.12500 (La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico)
ثقافتی:
(vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1983 Puerto Rico was of prime strategic importance during the American colonial period illustrated by the fortifications built between the 15th and 19th century to protect the harbour of San Juan. [126]
Landscape of Grand Pré Statue of Longfellow's Evangeline (by Louis-Philippe Hébert) and memorial church. Canadaنووا سکوشیا,
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
45°7′6″N 64°18′26″W / 45.11833°N 64.30722°W / 45.11833; -64.30722 (Landscape of Grand Pré)
قدرتی:
(v), (vi)
1,323 (3,270) 2012 [127]
L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site Grass-covered house with wooden chimneys. Canadaنیو فاؤنڈ لینڈ اور لیبراڈور
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
51°28′0″N 55°37′0″W / 51.46667°N 55.61667°W / 51.46667; -55.61667 (L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site)
ثقافتی:
(vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1978 These remains of an 11th-century Viking settlement are the first and only known site of Norse presence and the earliest known European settlement in America outside of Greenland. [128]
León Cathedral Main facade of a large church with two massive and low and three main doors. Nicaraguaلیون، نکاراگوا
Flag of Nicaragua.svg نکاراگوا
12°26′06″N 86°52′41″W / 12.43500°N 86.87806°W / 12.43500; -86.87806 (León Cathedral)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
0.77 (1.9); buffer zone 13 (32) 2011 Built over more than 150 years starting in the mid-18th century, the cathedral's architecture is a fusion of different styles from Baroque to Neoclassicism and an expression of a new Latin American society that developed around the 18th century. [129]
Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana Black and white line engraving of a monkey with a curled tail. PeruNazca,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
14°43′33″S 75°8′55″W / 14.72583°S 75.14861°W / -14.72583; -75.14861 (Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana))
ثقافتی:
(i), (iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1994 The large designs in the Nazca Desert are believed to have been created by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650 AD. They were created by scratching lines into the ground surface. Designs include animals such as a monkey and hummingbird, plants, and geographic shapes on a large scale. It is believed that they served a ritualistic purpose. [130]
[131]
Los Glaciares A glacier calving into the sea or a lake. Argentinaصوبہ سانتا کروز، ارجنٹائن
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
50°0′0″S 73°14′58″W / 50.00000°S 73.24944°W / -50.00000; -73.24944 (Los Glaciares)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
445,900 (1,102,000) 1981 This National Park is of exceptional beauty comprising high peaks, glacial lakes and glaciers, some of which are advancing. [132]
Los Katíos National Park
ColombiaAntioquia and Chocó Departments,
Flag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
7°40′N 77°0′W / 7.667°N 77.000°W / 7.667; -77.000 (Los Katíos National Park)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
72,000 (180,000) 1994 Situated at the Darién Gap, Los Katíos comprizes hills, forests and humid plains that are notable for their exceptional bio-diversity including many endangered animal species and endemic plants. The site has been listed as endangered since 2009 due to deforestation, illegal fishing and hunting. [133][134]
Luis Barragán House and Studio House consisting of differently colored blocks: grey, pink, red, white. میکسیکو شہر, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°25′6″N 99°11′54″W / 19.41833°N 99.19833°W / 19.41833; -99.19833 (Luis Barragán House and Studio)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii)
0.12 (0.30); buffer zone 23 (57) 2004 Built in 1948, the house and studio of Mexican architect Luis Barragán combines traditional and modern influences and is considered a masterpiece of the Modern Movement. [135]
Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary Irregularly shaped rock with smooth surfaces in the sea. Colombiaکاؤکا محکمہ,
Flag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
3°58′N 81°37′W / 3.967°N 81.617°W / 3.967; -81.617 (Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix)
857,500 (2,119,000) 2006 [136]
Mammoth Cave National Park A cave with layered rocks. At the end of the cave there is a light. United Statesکینٹکی,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
37°11′14″N 86°6′11″W / 37.18722°N 86.10306°W / 37.18722; -86.10306 (Mammoth Cave National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (x)
21,191 (52,360) 1981 The longest cave system known in the world. [137]
Manú National Park Trees on yellow soil near a river. Peruمادرے دے دیوس علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
12°15′S 71°45′W / 12.250°S 71.750°W / -12.250; -71.750 (Manú National Park))
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
1,716,295 (4,241,060) 1987
[nb 15]
The park spreads from 150 میٹر (490 فٹ) to 4,200 میٹر (13,800 فٹ) above sea-level. Manú is home to 1,000 bird species, over 200 species of mammals (100 of which are چمگادڑs), and over 15,000 species of flowering plants. Prior to being recognized as a World Heritage site, it was designated as a biosphere reserve in 1977. [138]
[139]
[140]
Maya Site of Copán Stele of human figure with large headdress. Hondurasکوپان محکمہ,
Flag of Honduras.svg ہونڈوراس
14°51′0″N 89°8′0″W / 14.85000°N 89.13333°W / 14.85000; -89.13333 (Maya Site of Copan)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1980 [141]
Mesa Verde National Park Ruins of circular and rectangular buildings under an overhanging cliff. United Statesکولوراڈو,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
37°15′42″N 108°29′8″W / 37.26167°N 108.48556°W / 37.26167; -108.48556 (Mesa Verde National Park)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1978 [142]
Miguasha National Park Forested mountains with rocks and pebble beach. CanadaGaspé Peninsula, کیوبیک
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
48°6′18″N 66°21′11″W / 48.10500°N 66.35306°W / 48.10500; -66.35306 (Miguasha National Park)
قدرتی:
(viii)
87 (210) 1999 [143]
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve A large number of orange butterflies in flight. میشواکان and ریاست میکسیکو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°36′23″N 100°14′30″W / 19.60639°N 100.24167°W / 19.60639; -100.24167 (Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve)
قدرتی:
(vii)
13,552 (33,490); buffer zone 42,707 (105,530) 2008 [144]
Monticello and the یونیورسٹی آف ورجینیا in شارلوٹزویل، ورجینیا Red brick building with a white classicist columned entrance. United Statesورجینیا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
38°1′58″N 78°30′14″W / 38.03278°N 78.50389°W / 38.03278; -78.50389 (Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1987 [145]
Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point Mound & Mound at Poverty Point.jpg United Statesلوویزیانا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ

32°38′13″N 91°24′23″W / 32.63694°N 91.40639°W / 32.63694; -91.40639 (Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point)

ثقافتی:
(iii)
163 (400) 2014 [146]
Morne Trois Pitons National Park Valley and reddish rocks. Dominicasouth central part of the island,
Flag of Dominica.svg ڈومینیکا
15°16′N 61°17′W / 15.267°N 61.283°W / 15.267; -61.283 (Morne Trois Pitons National Park)
قدرتی:
(viii), (x)
6,857 (16,940) 1997 [147]
Nahanni National Park Large but relatively low waterfall through rocks. Canadaشمال مغربی علاقہ جات، کینیڈا
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
61°33′N 125°35′W / 61.550°N 125.583°W / 61.550; -125.583 (Nahanni National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
476,560 (1,177,600) 1978 [148]
National Archeological Park of Tierradentro Interior of a cave with wall paintings of geometrical figures in red, black and white. ColombiaInza, کاؤکا محکمہ,
Flag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
2°35′0″N 76°2′0″W / 2.58333°N 76.03333°W / 2.58333; -76.03333 (National Archeological Park of Tierradentro)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1995 [149]
National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers Ruins of a large stone building and flight of steps. HaitiNord Department,
Flag of Haiti.svg ہیٹی
19°34′25″N 72°14′39″W / 19.57361°N 72.24417°W / 19.57361; -72.24417 (National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1982 [150]
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park Large waterfall among rocks covered with vegetation. Boliviaمحکمہ سانتا کروز (بولیویا),
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
14°16′S 60°52′W / 14.267°S 60.867°W / -14.267; -60.867 (Noel Kempff Mercado National Park)
قدرتی:
(ix), (x)
1,523,446 (3,764,520) 2000 [151]
Old Havana and its Fortifications A city street with a tall, old looking building in the center. It has two circular towers on either end that are taller than the rest of the building. Cubaہوانا,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
23°8′0″N 82°21′0″W / 23.13333°N 82.35000°W / 23.13333; -82.35000 (Old Havana and its Fortifications)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
143 (350) 1982 Havana was founded in 1519 by Spanish colonists, growing to become one of the Caribbean's primary shipbuilding centers by the 17th century. The old city was built in the Baroque and Neoclassical styles. Historical landmarks in Old Havana include La Cabaña, the Cathedral of Havana and the Great Theatre of Havana. [152]
Old Town Lunenburg Churches and brightly colored houses near the water. Canadaنووا سکوشیا
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
44°22′34″N 64°18′33″W / 44.37611°N 64.30917°W / 44.37611; -64.30917 (Old Town Lunenburg)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 1995 [153]
Olympic National Park Rocky coastline with trees on the top of the rocks. United Statesریاست واشنگٹن,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
47°45′N 123°27′W / 47.750°N 123.450°W / 47.750; -123.450 (Olympic National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix)
369,660 (913,400) 1981 [154]
Pantanal Conservation Area Plain with forests, grassland, rivers and many lakes. Brazilجنوبی ماتو گروسو and ماتو گروسو,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
17°43′S 57°23′W / 17.717°S 57.383°W / -17.717; -57.383 (Pantanal Conservation Area)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
187,818 (464,110) 2000 [155]
Península Valdés A group of sea lions including male, female and young animals on a sandy beach. ArgentinaViedma Department
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
42°30′S 64°0′W / 42.500°S 64.000°W / -42.500; -64.000 (Península Valdés)
قدرتی:
(x)
360,000 (890,000) 1999 [156]
Pitons Management Area A pair of steep conical rocks rising from the sea. Saint Lucianear Soufrière,
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg سینٹ لوسیا
13°48′26″N 61°4′13″W / 13.80722°N 61.07028°W / 13.80722; -61.07028 (Pitons Management Area)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
2,909 (7,190) 2004 [157]
Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, کارتاخینا، کولمبیا Facade of a yellow stone church with two towers. Above the main entrance there is a human sculpture and higher up a clock. Colombiaبولیوار محکمہ,
Flag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
10°25′0″N 75°32′0″W / 10.41667°N 75.53333°W / 10.41667; -75.53333 (Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1984 [158]
پالینکے Ruins and walls of structures. A four storied square tower is in relatively good condition. The site is surrounded by forest. چیاپاس, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
17°29′0″N 92°3′0″W / 17.48333°N 92.05000°W / 17.48333; -92.05000 (Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1987 [159]
Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the Diquís Stone sphere of Costa Rica located at National Museum. Palmar Sur, Flag of Costa Rica.svg کوسٹاریکا
8°54′41″N 83°28′39″W / 8.911389°N 83.477500°W / 8.911389; -83.477500 (Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the Diquís)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
6,172 (15,250); buffer zone 6,080 (15,000) 2014 [160]
چیچن ایتزا A large nine-storied stone pyramid with smoothed surfaces and stairs leading to the top from at least two sides. At the top of the pyramid there is a square structure with flat roof and entrances from both visible sides. یوکتان, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°40′0″N 88°36′0″W / 20.66667°N 88.60000°W / 20.66667; -88.60000 (Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1988 [161]
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan A large stone pyramid with smoothed surfaces and stairs leading to the top. Smaller pyramids of about 4 levels are surrounding a large square and line a wide road. ریاست میکسیکو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°41′30″N 98°50′30″W / 19.69167°N 98.84167°W / 19.69167; -98.84167 (Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1987 [162]
Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal Stone pyramid with smooth surfaces and rounded corners. A staircase on one side leads to a structure at the top of the pyramid. Yucatán, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°21′42″N 89°46′13″W / 20.36167°N 89.77028°W / 20.36167; -89.77028 (Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal)
ثقافتی:
(i), (ii), (iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1996 [163]
Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca Ruins of a building decorated with geometric patterns in relief. A flight of steps lined by red walls leads to the entrance of the building. اوکساکا, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
16°57′3″N 96°25′16″W / 16.95083°N 96.42111°W / 16.95083; -96.42111 (Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
1,515 (3,740); buffer zone 3,860 (9,500) 2010 [164]
Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco Church with a coppola and massive castle-like walls with small windows. گوانجواتو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
20°54′52″N 100°44′47″W / 20.91444°N 100.74639°W / 20.91444; -100.74639 (Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
47 (120); buffer zone 47 (120) 2008 [165]
Pueblo de Taos A cluster of reddish brown small adobe houses with blue doors and window frames. United Statesنیو میکسیکو,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
36°26′20″N 105°32′30″W / 36.43889°N 105.54167°W / 36.43889; -105.54167 (Pueblo de Taos)
ثقافتی:
(iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1992 [166]
Quebrada de Humahuaca Mountains with little vegetation cover. Argentinaصوبہ خوخوئی
Flag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
23°12′0″S 65°20′56″W / 23.20000°S 65.34889°W / -23.20000; -65.34889 (Quebrada de Humahuaca)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv), (v)
172,116 (425,310); buffer zone 369,649 (913,420) 2003 [167]
Qhapaq Ñan , Andean Road System Inca road system near Macchu Picchu, Peru. ArgentinaFlag of Argentina.svg ارجنٹائن
BoliviaFlag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
ChileFlag of Chile.svg چلی
ColombiaFlag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
EcuadorFlag of Ecuador.svg ایکواڈور
PeruFlag of Peru.svg پیرو
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
300,000,000 (740,000,000) 2014 An extensive Inca communication, trade and defense network of roads covering 30,000 کلومیٹر (98,000,000 فٹ) and built over several centuries, this extraordinary network through one of the world’s most extreme geographical terrains linked the snow-capped peaks of the Andes—at an altitude of more than 6,000 میٹر (20,000 فٹ)—to the coast, running through hot rainforests, fertile valleys and absolute deserts. [168]
Red Bay Basque Whaling Station Basque whaling station on Saddle Island. Canadaنیو فاؤنڈ لینڈ اور لیبراڈور
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
51°43′37″N 56°25′46″W / 51.72694°N 56.42944°W / 51.72694; -56.42944 (Red Bay Basque Whaling Station)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
313 (770); buffer zone 285 (700) 2013 [169]
Redwood National and State Parks Forest with undergrowth. United Statesکیلیفورنیا,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
41°22′N 124°0′W / 41.367°N 124.000°W / 41.367; -124.000 (Redwood National and State Parks)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix)
56,883 (140,560) 1980 [170]
Rideau Canal A small canal with a set of locks leading from a river near a large city. Canadaانٹاریو
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
45°0′N 75°46′W / 45.000°N 75.767°W / 45.000; -75.767 (Rideau Canal)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv)
21,455 (53,020); buffer zone 2,363 (5,840) 2007 The Rideau Canal (French: Canal Rideau), also known as the Rideau Waterway, connects the city of اوٹاوا, انٹاریو, کینیڈا on the Ottawa River to the city of کنگسٹن، اونٹاریو on جھیل انٹاریو. The نہر was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States and is still in use today, with most of its original structures intact. The canal system uses sections of major rivers, including the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as some lakes. It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America. [171]
Rio Abiseo National Park Peruسان مارتین علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
7°45′S 77°15′W / 7.750°S 77.250°W / -7.750; -77.250 (Rio Abiseo National Park))
Mixed:
(iii), (vii), (ix), (x)
274,520 (678,400) 1990
[nb 16]
The park was created in 1983 in order to protect the region's rainforest habitat. The park is home to many endemic species such as the yellow-tailed woolly monkey, which was thought to be extinct. The site is also listed under cultural criteria, as over 30 Pre-Columbian sites have been discovered since 1985. [172]
[173]
ریو دے جینیرو: Carioca Landscapes Between the Mountain and the Sea Human sculptures and a hyperbolic shaped modern building with white ribs and glass. Brazilریو دے جینیرو,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
24°50′S 43°11′W / 24.833°S 43.183°W / -24.833; -43.183 (Rio de Janeiro)
ثقافتی:
(vi)
7,249 (17,910); buffer zone 8,621 (21,300) 2012 The listed site consists of an exceptional urban setting rather than built heritage. It encompasses the key natural elements that have shaped and inspired the development of the city: from the highest points of the Tijuca National Park’s mountains down to the sea. They also include the Botanical Gardens, established in 1808, Corcovado Mountain with its celebrated مسیح نجات دہندہ (مجسمہ) and the hills around Guanabara Bay, including the extensive designed landscapes along Copacabana Bay which have contributed to the outdoor living culture of this spectacular city. Rio de Janeiro is also recognized for the artistic inspiration it has provided to musicians, landscapers and urbanists. [174]
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve River through dense vegetation. Many tree trunks are lying in the river. HondurasLa Mosquitia,
Flag of Honduras.svg ہونڈوراس
15°44′40″N 84°40′30″W / 15.74444°N 84.67500°W / 15.74444; -84.67500 (Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
500,000 (1,200,000) 1982 Endangered since 2011 [175]
Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco Prehistoric rock art pictographs of the Cochimi in the Sierra de San Francisco mountain range. باخا کیلیفورنیا سر, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
27°39′20″N 112°54′58″W / 27.65556°N 112.91611°W / 27.65556; -112.91611 (Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1993 [176]
Ruins of León Viejo Ruins consisting of foundations of small buildings. NicaraguaPuerto Momotombo, Municipality La Paz Centro, لیون محکمہ,
Flag of Nicaragua.svg نکاراگوا
12°23′50″N 86°36′37″W / 12.39722°N 86.61028°W / 12.39722; -86.61028 (Ruins of León Viejo)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 2000 [177]
Sacred City of Caral-Supe Ruins of two pyramids in a desert landscape. Peruلیما علاقہ,
Flag of Peru.svg پیرو
10°53′30″S 77°31′17″W / 10.89167°S 77.52139°W / -10.89167; -77.52139 (Sacred City of Caral-Supe))
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
626 (1,550); buffer zone 14,620 (36,100) 2009 The archaeological site belonged to the Norte Chico civilization that inhabited the area during the Late Archaic period. Caral is one of 18 complex urban settlements in the region and features many monuments and pyramids. Caral is the earliest known American settlement. A quipu recovered from the site demonstrates its influence on later Andean cultures. [178]
San Agustín Archaeological Park Several stone figures carrying a large flat stone on their heads. ColombiaSan Augustin and San José de Isnos, ہوئلا محکمہ,
Flag of Colombia.svg کولمبیا
1°55′0″N 76°14′0″W / 1.91667°N 76.23333°W / 1.91667; -76.23333 (San Agustín Archaeological Park)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1995 [179]
San Antonio Missions Stone church building with a tiered belltower United Statesٹیکساس,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
29°19′41″N 98°27′36″W / 29.328056°N 98.460000°W / 29.328056; -98.460000 (San Antonio Missions)
ثقافتی:
(ii)
301 (740); buffer zone 2,068 (5,110) 2015 [180]
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas Stairs leading to a white stone church with two towers. Sculptures are placed on walls in front of the church. BrazilCongonhas, میناس گیرائس,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
20°29′59″S 43°51′28″W / 20.49972°S 43.85778°W / -20.49972; -43.85778 (Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas)
ثقافتی:
(i), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1985 [181]
Sangay National Park Forested mountain landscape. Ecuadorمورونا-سانتیاگو صوبہ, Chimborazo and تونگوراہوا صوبہ Provinces,
Flag of Ecuador.svg ایکواڈور
1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333 (Sangay National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
271,925 (671,940) 1983 Endangered 1992–2005 [182]
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, سانتیاگو دی کیوبا A series of walls made of stone sit on a hill that is above water. Cubaسانتیاگو دے کیوبا صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
19°58′0″N 75°52′15″W / 19.96667°N 75.87083°W / 19.96667; -75.87083 (San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 1997 The large fort was built to defend the important port of سانتیاگو دی کیوبا. The design of the fortification was based on Italian and Renaissance architecture. The complex of magazines, bastions, and batteries is one of the most complete and well-preserved Spanish-American defense fortifications. [183]
São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão Square of São Francisco BrazilSão Cristóvão, سرژیپی,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
11°0′58″S 37°12′36″W / 11.01611°S 37.21000°W / -11.01611; -37.21000 (São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (iv)
3.00 (7.4); buffer zone 2,500 (6,200) 2010 [184]
Serra da Capivara National Park Rock painting in red of a four legged animal, a smaller four legged animal and a human figure. Brazilپیاوی,
Flag of Brazil.svg برازیل
8°25′0″S 42°20′0″W / 8.41667°S 42.33333°W / -8.41667; -42.33333 (Serra da Capivara National Park)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1991 [185]
Sewell Mining Town Large three-storied houses on a slope painted in light blue. ChileMachalí, Cachapoal Province, O'Higgins Region
Flag of Chile.svg چلی
34°5′4″S 70°22′58″W / 34.08444°S 70.38278°W / -34.08444; -70.38278 (Sewell Mining Town)
ثقافتی:
(ii)
17 (42); buffer zone 33 (82) 2006 [186]
SGang Gwaay Clearance in a forest. Canadaبرٹش کولمبیا,
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
52°5′42″N 131°13′13″W / 52.09500°N 131.22028°W / 52.09500; -131.22028 (SGang Gwaay)
ثقافتی:
(iii)
&10000000000000000000000 1981 [187]
Sian Ka'an Bay or other water near the sea. The floor is visible through the water. In the distance there is a sandy beach, forested areas and the sea. کوینتانا رو, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
19°23′N 87°48′W / 19.383°N 87.800°W / 19.383; -87.800 (Sian Ka'an)
قدرتی:
(vii), (x)
528,000 (1,300,000) 1987 [188]
مجسمہ آزادی Statue of a robed female figure bearing a torch in her right outstretched arm and a tablet in the other. United Statesنیویارک شہر, نیویارک,
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
40°41′22″N 74°2′41″W / 40.68944°N 74.04472°W / 40.68944; -74.04472 (Statue of Liberty)
ثقافتی:
(i), (vi)
&10000000000000000000000 1984 [189]
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park Narrow waterfall Costa Ricaسان خوزے صوبہ, کارتاگو صوبہ, لیمون صوبہ and پونتاریناس صوبہ Provinces, Flag of Costa Rica.svg کوسٹاریکا*; بوکاس دیل تورو صوبہ and چیرکی صوبہ Provinces, Flag of Panama.svg پاناما*
9°24′26″N 82°56′20″W / 9.40722°N 82.93889°W / 9.40722; -82.93889 (Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
567,845 (1,403,180) 1983
[nb 17]
[190]
[191]
Tikal National Park Ruins of stone pyramids and other buildings. Guatemalaپیتین محکمہ,
Flag of Guatemala.svg گواتیمالا
17°13′N 89°37′W / 17.217°N 89.617°W / 17.217; -89.617 (Tikal National Park)
Mixed:
(i), (iii), (iv), (ix), (x)
57,600 (142,000) 1979 [192]
Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture Simple stone gate decorated with a flat repeating checkered pattern of small figures and a larger figure in relief at the center top. BoliviaIngavi Province, محکمہ لا پاز (بولیویا),
Flag of Bolivia.svg بولیویا
16°33′30″S 68°40′40″W / 16.55833°S 68.67778°W / -16.55833; -68.67778 (Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture)
ثقافتی:
(iii), (iv)
&10000000000000000000000 2000 [193]
ٹرینیڈاڈ، کیوبا and the Valley de los Ingenios A group of buildings with red roofs in the middle of green trees and hills. There is a taller building with a tower in the center. Cubaسانکتی سپیریتوس صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
21°48′11″N 79°59′4″W / 21.80306°N 79.98444°W / 21.80306; -79.98444 (Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios)
ثقافتی:
(iv), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 1988 The city of Trinidad was founded in the early 16th century. In 1518, ہرنان کورتیس began his expedition to conquer Mexico from the port at Trinidad. The city prospered throughout the colonial period in large part due to the success of the local sugar industry. The adjacent Valley de los Ingenios was the origin of the Cuban sugar industry, which emerged in the 18th century. It is home to numerous cane sugar mills, as well as cattle ranches and tobacco plantations. [194]
Urban Historic Centre of سین فیوگوس A building with yellow walls has two towers of different heights with round red roofs. There are bells in the tallest tower. CubaCienfuegos,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
22°8′50″N 80°27′10″W / 22.14722°N 80.45278°W / 22.14722; -80.45278 (Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos)
ثقافتی:
(ii), (v)
&10000000000000000000000 2005 Cienfuegos was founded in 1819 as a Spanish colony, though its first inhabitants were French immigrants. It became a trade center in the sugar cane, tobacco, and coffee trade because of its location on the Bay of Cienfuegos. Because of its establishment in the later colonial period, the architecture has more modern influences: including modern ideas of urban planning. [195]
Viñales Valley There is a field with tall grass and trees and a small wooden hut in the front, and steep cliffs in the back. Cubaپینار دیل ریو صوبہ,
Flag of Cuba.svg کیوبا
22°37′N 83°43′W / 22.617°N 83.717°W / 22.617; -83.717 (Viñales Valley)
ثقافتی:
(iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1999 The village of Viñales was founded in 1875 after the expansion of tobacco cultivation in the surrounding valley. The Valley features a karst topography, vernacular architecture, and traditional cultivation methods. The Valley was also the site of various military engagements in the Cuban War of Independence and Cuban Revolution. [196]
[197]
Waterton Glacier International Peace Park Herbst Glacier on the US side of Waterton Glacier International Peace Park. Canadaالبرٹا, Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا*;
مونٹانا, Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ*
49°0′N 113°54′W / 49.000°N 113.900°W / 49.000; -113.900 (Waterton Glacier International Peace Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix)
457,614 (1,130,790) 1995 [198]
Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
Mulegé Municipality, باخا کیلیفورنیا سر, Flag of Mexico.svg میکسیکو
27°48′N 114°14′W / 27.800°N 114.233°W / 27.800; -114.233 (Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino)
قدرتی:
(x)
370,950 (916,600) 1993 [199]
Wood Buffalo National Park Frontal view of a buffalo. Canadaالبرٹا and شمال مغربی علاقہ جات، کینیڈا,
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا
59°22′N 112°18′W / 59.367°N 112.300°W / 59.367; -112.300 (Wood Buffalo National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (ix), (x)
4,480,000 (11,100,000) 1983 [200]
ییلوسٹون نیشنل پارک
Large waterfall in a rocky mountain landscape.
وائیومنگ and small areas of مونٹانا and ایڈاہو, Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
44°30′N 110°50′W / 44.500°N 110.833°W / 44.500; -110.833 (Yellowstone National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
898,349 (2,219,870) 1978 Endangered 1995–2003 [201]
Yosemite National Park
Forested valley lined by large rocks.
کیلیفورنیا, Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ
37°45′N 119°36′W / 37.750°N 119.600°W / 37.750; -119.600 (Yosemite National Park)
قدرتی:
(vii), (viii)
308,283 (761,780) 1984 [202]

بیرونی روابط[ترمیم]

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. "Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  2. "Alejandro de Humboldt National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  3. "Solenodon cubanus"۔ International Union for Conservation of Nature۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ November 12, 2010۔ 
  4. "Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  5. "Antigua Guatemala"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  6. "Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 6 July 2015۔ 
  7. "Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  8. "Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  9. "Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  10. "Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  11. "Decision - 27COM 8C.40 - Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá (Panama)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 13 September 2011۔ 
  12. "Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  13. "Area de Conservación Guanacaste"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  14. "Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  15. "Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  16. 33rd session 2009، صفحات۔ 81–82
  17. "Blue and John Crow Mountains"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 6 July 2015۔ 
  18. "Brasília"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  19. "Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  20. "Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  21. "Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  22. "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  23. "Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  24. "Decision - 14COM VII.E - Boundary Modifications: Canadian Rocky Mountains Parks (Canada)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 September 2011۔ 
  25. "Canaima National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  26. "Carlsbad Caverns National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  27. "Central Amazon Conservation Complex"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  28. "Decision - 27COM 8C.10 - Central Amazon Conservation Complex (Brazil)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 September 2011۔ 
  29. "Central Suriname Nature Reserve"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  30. "Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  31. "Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  32. "Chaco Culture"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  33. "Chan Chan Archaeological Zone"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  34. "Chan Chan Archaeological Zone – Threats to the Site"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  35. "Historia"۔ Complejo Arqueologico de Chan Chan (Spanish زبان میں)۔ Patrimonio Mundial de la Humanidad۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  36. "Chavín (Archaeological Site)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 22, 2010۔ 
  37. "Chavín de Huantar, Peru"۔ Global Heritage Network۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ October 24, 2010۔ 
  38. "Churches of Chiloé"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  39. "City of Cuzco"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 21, 2010۔ 
  40. "City of Potosí"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  41. "City of Quito"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  42. "Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  43. "Cocos Island National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  44. "Decision - 26COM 23.4 - Cocos Island National Park (Costa Rica)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  45. "Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  46. "Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  47. "Colonial City of Santo Domingo"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  48. "Coro and its Port"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  49. 29th session 2005، صفحات۔ 102–103
  50. "Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturasa"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  51. "Darien National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  52. "Desembarco del Granma National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  53. "In Depth: Dear Granma"۔ Bayamo Travel Guide۔ Frommers۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ November 12, 2010۔ 
  54. "Dinosaur Provincial Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  55. "Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  56. "Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  57. "El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 25 June 2013۔ 
  58. "El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  59. "Everglades National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  60. "World Heritage Committee: Seventeenth session"۔ یونیسکو۔ صفحات 20–21۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  61. 34th session 2010، صفحات۔ 82–83
  62. "Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  63. "Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  64. "Fray Bentos Cultural-Industrial Landscape"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 6 July 2015۔ 
  65. "Fuerte de Samaipata"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  66. "Galápagos Islands"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  67. 30th session 2006، صفحات۔ 70–71
  68. 31st session 2007، صفحات۔ 68–69
  69. 34th session 2010، صفحات۔ 34–35
  70. "Grand Canyon National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  71. "Great Smoky Mountains National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  72. "Gros Morne National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  73. "Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  74. "Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 28, 2010۔ 
  75. "Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  76. "Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  77. "Historic Centre of Camagüey"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  78. "Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  79. "Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  80. "Historic Centre of Lima"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  81. "Decision - 15COM XV.E - Extension: Historic Centre of Lima (Peru)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  82. "Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  83. "Historic Centre of Morelia"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  84. "Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  85. "Historic Centre of Puebla"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  86. "Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  87. "Historic Centre of São Luís"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  88. "Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  89. "Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  90. "Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  91. "Historic Centre of Zacatecas"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  92. "Historic City of Sucre"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  93. "Historic District of Old Québec"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  94. "Historic Fortified Town of Campeche"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  95. "Historic Inner City of Paramaribo"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  96. "Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  97. "Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  98. "Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  99. "Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  100. "Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 21, 2010۔ 
  101. "Machu Picchu"۔ Archaeological Sites۔ Minnesota State University۔ October 14, 2004۔ اصل سے جمع شدہ 2010-08-27 کو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 21, 2010۔ 
  102. "Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  103. "Historic Town of Ouro Preto"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  104. "Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  105. "Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  106. "Huascarán National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  107. "Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  108. 29th session 2005، صفحات۔ 142–143
  109. "Iguaçu National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  110. "Iguazu National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  111. "Ilulissat Icefjord"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  112. "Independence Hall"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  113. "Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  114. "Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  115. "Decision - 31COM 8B.53 - Nomination of natural, mixed and cultural properties to the world heritage list - Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  116. "Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  117. "Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  118. "Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  119. "Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  120. "Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  121. "Joggins Fossil Cliffs"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  122. "Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  123. "Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  124. "Decision - 16COM X.C - Extension: Glacier Bay National Park - extension of the Wrangell/St.Elias/Kluane site of Canada-USA (United States of America)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  125. "Decision - 18COM XI - Extension: Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Wilderness Park (extension of the Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane site) (Canada/USA)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  126. "La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  127. "Landscape of Grand Pré"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 Aug 2013۔ 
  128. "L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  129. "León Cathedral"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  130. "Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 27, 2010۔ 
  131. Brown, David, and Helaine Silverman. "New evidence for the date of the Nazca lines". Antiquity 65 (247): 208–220. http://www.antiquity.ac.uk/Ant/065/Ant0650208.htm۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 27, 2010. 
  132. "Los Glaciares"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  133. "Los Katíos National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  134. 33rd session 2009، صفحہ۔ 83
  135. "Luis Barragán House and Studio"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  136. "Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  137. "Mammoth Cave National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  138. "Manú National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  139. "Decision - 33COM 8B.39 - Natural properties - Examination of minor boundary modifications - Manú National Park (Peru)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  140. "Conservation"۔ The Living Edens – Manu۔ Public Broadcasting Service۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 23, 2010۔ 
  141. "Maya Site of Copan"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  142. "Mesa Verde National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  143. "Miguasha National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  144. "Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  145. "Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  146. "Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point"۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ June 23, 2014۔ 
  147. "Morne Trois Pitons National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  148. "Nahanni National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  149. "National Archeological Park of Tierradentro"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  150. "National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  151. "Noel Kempff Mercado National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  152. "Old Havana and its Fortifications"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  153. "Old Town Lunenburg"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  154. "Olympic National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  155. "Pantanal Conservation Area"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  156. "Península Valdés"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  157. "Pitons Management Area"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  158. "Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  159. "Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  160. "Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the Diquís"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 23 June 2014۔ 
  161. "Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  162. "Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  163. "Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  164. "Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  165. "Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  166. "Pueblo de Taos"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  167. "Quebrada de Humahuaca"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  168. "Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2 August 2014۔ 
  169. "Red Bay Basque Whaling Station"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 August 2013۔ 
  170. "Redwood National and State Parks"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  171. "Rideau Canal"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  172. "Rio Abiseo National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 24, 2010۔ 
  173. "Decision - 16COM X.A - Inscription: Rio Abiseo National Park (Peru)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 24, 2010۔ 
  174. "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ July 2, 2011۔ 
  175. "Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  176. "Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  177. "Ruins of León Viejo"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  178. "Sacred City of Caral-Supe"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ September 28, 2010۔ 
  179. "San Agustín Archaeological Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  180. "San Antonio Missions"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 6 July 2015۔ 
  181. "Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  182. "Sangay National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  183. "San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  184. "São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  185. "Serra da Capivara National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 10 September 2011۔ 
  186. "Sewell Mining Town"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  187. "SGang Gwaay"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  188. "Sian Ka'an"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  189. "Statue of Liberty"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  190. "Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  191. "Decision - 14COM IX - SOC: La Amistad/Talamanca Range (Costa Rica)"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  192. "Tikal National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  193. "Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 8 September 2011۔ 
  194. "Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  195. "Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  196. "Viñales Valley"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  197. "Viñales (Cuba)" (pdf)۔ UNESCO۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ October 22, 2010۔ 
  198. "Waterton Glacier International Peace Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  199. "Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  200. "Wood Buffalo National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 28 May 2010۔ 
  201. "Yellowstone National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 
  202. "Yosemite National Park"۔ یونیسکو۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 26 June 2011۔ 

ملاحظات[ترمیم]

  1. Extended in 2003 to include the archaeological site of Panamá Viejo and name change from Historic District of Panamá, with the Salón Bolivar, Panama to the present name.
  2. Extended in 2004 to include the sector Santa Elena.
  3. The five sites are: Historic Centre of میکسیکو شہر and زو کچی ملکو, کوارتارو، کوارتارو, گوانجواتو شہر, Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco, زاکاٹیکاس (شہر).
  4. Extended in 1990 to include Mount Robson, Hamber and Mount Assiniboine Provincial Parks.
  5. Extended in 2003 to include the Amana Sustainable Development Reserve, the Demonstration area of the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve and the Anavilhanas Ecological Station; and name change from Jaú National Park, Brazil to the present name.
  6. It is a Centre of Plant Diversity, an Endemic Bird Area of the World and a Global 200 ecoregion.
  7. Extension of the park's marine zone in 2002.
  8. Reasons include insufficient prevention of possibilities for the introduction of alien species, insufficient resource allocation for conservation agencies and park management, presence of a large number of illegal immigrants, rapid uncontrolled growth of tourism, fishing over-capacity and sports fishing.
  9. Extended in 1991 to include "the area protected by national legislation."
  10. Minor modification of boundaries in 2007 to include the Islas Marietas National Park and the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park.
  11. Islands populated by land in times of ocean level decline.
  12. Islands populated by sea and air
  13. Extended in 1984 to include the four Argentinian missions making it a trans-border site; and name change from The Ruins of São Miguel das Missões to the present name.
  14. Extended in 1992 to include the Glacier Bay National Park and in 1994 to include the Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park. The name of the site was changed accordingly from Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane at the time of inscription to Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane in 1992 to the present name in 1994.
  15. Minor modification of boundaries in 2009 to include all of the National Park in the World Heritage Site.
  16. In 1992 inscription under cultural criteria (iii) in addition to original inscription as natural site based on criteria (vii), (ix), (x).
  17. Modification of boundaries in 1990 to exclude areas that are not of outstanding universal value and to include the extended Chirripó and Talamanca National Parks.

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