فہرست امریکی ریاستیں بلحاظ نام آبادی

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
یہاں جائیں: رہنمائی، تلاش کریں

یہ فہرست امریکی ریاستیں بلحاظ نام آبادی (List of demonyms for U.S. states) ہے۔

ریاست سرکاری
(امریکی حکومتی پرنٹنگ دفتر طرف سے مجوزہ)[1]
سرکاری غیر سرکاری یا غیر رسمی متبادلات
Flag of Alabama.svg الاباما Alabamian Alabaman[2][3]
Flag of Alaska.svg الاسکا Alaskan
Flag of Arizona.svg ایریزونا Arizonan Arizonian,[2] Sand Cutter[4]
Flag of Arkansas.svg آرکنساس Arkansan Arkansawyer,[5] Arkie [6]
Flag of California.svg کیلیفورنیا Californian Californio (archaic)
Flag of Colorado.svg کولوراڈو Coloradan Coloradoan (archaic)[7][8]
Flag of Connecticut.svg کنیکٹیکٹ Connecticuter Nutmegger, Connecticotian, Connecticutensian,[9] Connecticutian, Connetian[10]
Flag of Delaware.svg ڈیلاویئر Delawarean Blue Hen's Chicken, Muskrat[11]
Flag of the District of Columbia.svg واشنگٹن ڈی سی Washingtonian
Flag of Florida.svg فلوریڈا Floridian Florida cracker[12]
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg جارجیا (امریکی ریاست) Georgian Buzzard, Cracker, Goober-grabber,[13] Sand-hiller[14]
Flag of Hawaii.svg ہوائی Hawaiian Malihini (newcomer),[2] Kamaʻāina (native-born nonethnic Hawaiian),[2] Hawaii resident,[15] Islander[15][16]
Flag of Idaho.svg ایڈاہو Idahoan
Flag of Illinois.svg الینوائے Illinoisan Illinoisian, Illinoian, Sucker, Sand-hiller, Egyptian[17]
Flag of Indiana.svg انڈیانا Indianian Hoosier[18] (official state designation), Indianian[2] (archaic)
Flag of Iowa.svg آئیووا Iowan Hawkeye[19]
Flag of Kansas.svg کنساس Kansan Sunflower, Grasshopper[20]
Flag of Kentucky.svg کینٹکی Kentuckian Corncracker[21]
Flag of Louisiana.svg لوویزیانا Louisianan
Flag of Maine.svg میئن Mainer Down Easter or Downeaster,[22] Mainiac,[23] Pine Tree, Fox [حوالہ درکار]
Flag of Maryland.svg میری لینڈ Marylander
Flag of Massachusetts.svg میساچوسٹس Massachusettsan Bay Stater (official term used by state government),[24] Massachusite (traditional),[25][26] Masshole (derogatory) [27]
Flag of Michigan.svg مشی گن Michiganian Michigander,[28] Mashugana, Michiganer, Michiganese, Michigine, Wolverine,[29][30] Michiganite,[31] Yooper/Troll (for residents of the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula, respectively),[32] Flatlander (for residents of the mid and southern portions of the Lower Peninsula)
Flag of Minnesota.svg مینیسوٹا Minnesotan
Flag of Mississippi.svg مسیسپی Mississippian
Flag of Missouri.svg مسوری Missourian
Flag of Montana.svg مونٹانا Montanan
Flag of Nebraska.svg نیبراسکا Nebraskan Cornhusker
Flag of Nevada.svg نیواڈا Nevadan Nevadian[2]
Flag of New Hampshire.svg نیو ہیمپشائر New Hampshirite New Hampshireman or New Hampshirewoman[33]
Flag of New Jersey.svg نیو جرسی New Jerseyan New Jerseyite[2]
Flag of New Mexico.svg نیو میکسیکو New Mexican
Flag of New York.svg نیویارک New Yorker Knickerbocker[34][35]
Flag of North Carolina.svg شمالی کیرولائنا North Carolinian Tar Heel, Tar Boiler,[36]
Flag of North Dakota.svg شمالی ڈکوٹا North Dakotan
Flag of Ohio.svg اوہائیو Ohioan Buckeye[37]
Flag of Oklahoma.svg اوکلاہوما Oklahoman Okie,[38] Sooner[39]
Flag of Oregon.svg اوریگون Oregonian
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg پنسلوانیا Pennsylvanian Pennamite[40]
Flag of Rhode Island.svg روڈ آئلینڈ Rhode Islander Rhodean, Swamp Yankee[41]
Flag of South Carolina.svg جنوبی کیرولائنا South Carolinian Sandlapper[42]
Flag of South Dakota.svg جنوبی ڈکوٹا South Dakotan
Flag of Tennessee.svg ٹینیسی Tennessean Volunteer, Big Bender, Butternut[43]
Flag of Texas.svg ٹیکساس Texan Texian (Anglo-Texan - historical),[44] Tejano (Mexican-Texan), Texican (archaic)
Flag of Utah.svg یوٹاہ Utahn Utahan
Flag of Vermont.svg ورمونٹ Vermonter
Flag of Virginia.svg ورجینیا Virginian
Flag of Washington.svg ریاست واشنگٹن Washingtonian
Flag of West Virginia.svg مغربی ورجینیا West Virginian Mountaineer
Flag of Wisconsin.svg وسکونسن Wisconsinite Cheesehead[45][46]
Flag of Wyoming.svg وائیومنگ Wyomingite

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. United States Government Printing Office Style Manual (PDF)۔ 2000۔ §5.23۔ 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "SHG Resources"۔ [مردہ ربط]
  3. Safire، William (June 26, 1994)۔ "On Language: Foam Fell on AlabamaThe New York Times۔ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9407E6D8143DF935A15755C0A962958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all۔  Safire reports that after he used the word "Alabaman" in a column, he received a letter from Vic Gold that said in part, "The natives, I have learned to my sorrow, prefer Alabamian."
  4. "The State of Arizona - An Introduction to the Grand Canyon State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  5. "Arkansawyer definition - Dictionary - MSN Encarta"۔ ۔ اصل سے جمع شدہ 2009-10-31 کو۔ 
  6. "Ar•kie"۔ Dictionary.infoplease.com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  7. Writers Style Guide۔ Colorado State University۔ صفحہ 62,۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ January 2, 2009۔ "The correct name for a person from Colorado is Coloradan (not Coloradoan)." 
  8. Quillen، Ed (March 18, 2007)۔ "Coloradan or Coloradoan?The Denver Post۔ http://www.denverpost.com/opinion/ci_5447358۔ 
  9. "The State of Connecticut - An Introduction to the Constitution State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  10. "People of Connecticut, Choose Your Moniker; Martha Stewart’s House and My Company (4 Letters)"۔ nytimes.com۔ http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/31/opinion/l31conn.html۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2013-11-09۔ 
  11. "The State of Delaware - An Introduction to the First State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  12. "‘Cracker’ Means Something Entirely Different In Florida: A Source Of ‘Pride’"۔ Mediaite۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 18 May 2014۔ 
  13. "The Peach State is all about peanuts"۔ American Food Roots۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 9 September 2014۔ 
  14. "The State of Georgia - An Introduction to the Peach State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 Christian، Darrel؛ Jacobsen، Sally A.؛ Minthorn، David, ویکی نویس (2013)۔ The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law۔ New York, NY: Basic Books۔ صفحہ 112۔ آئی ایس بی این 9780465082995۔ 
  16. "The State of Hawaii - An Introduction to the Aloha State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  17. "The State of Illinois - An Introduction to the Prairie State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  18. The term Hoosier is the official state designation for a state resident, but not used by the US GPO. The term was once considered derogatory, but is now a point of pride for Hoosiers. See the Indiana Historical Bureau article entitled What is a Hoosier? for the origin of the term.
  19. "The State of Iowa"۔ Netstate.com۔ 
  20. "The State of Kansas - An Introduction to the Sunflower State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  21. Corncracker - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  22. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2007۔ New York: World Almanac Books۔ 2006۔ آئی ایس بی این 978-0-88687-995-2۔ 
  23. "Mainiac". Time. June 20, 1938. http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,788761,00.html.  (term used in reference to Maine author Kenneth Roberts)
  24. "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth"۔ The Commonwealth of Massachusetts۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2008-02-29۔ : "Bay Staters shall be the official designation of citizens of the commonwealth."
  25. Collections۔ Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society۔ 1877۔ صفحہ 435۔ 
  26. Jones، Thomas (1879)۔ DeLancey، Edward Floyd, ویکی نویس۔ History of New York During the Revolutionary War۔ New York: New York Historical Society۔ صفحہ 465۔ 
  27. url=http://www.masshole.com/index.shtml
  28. "The State of Michigan"۔ Netstate.com۔ 
  29. Marckwardt، Albert H. (1952). "Wolverine and Michigander". Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review LVIII: 203–8. 
  30. Sperber، Hans (February 1954). "Words and Phrases in American Politics: Michigander". American Speech 29 (1): 21–7. doi:10.2307/453592. 
  31. "The State of Michigan - An Introduction to the Great Lakes State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  32. "MDE - Michigan Glossary"۔ Michigan.gov۔ 2008-01-30۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  33. "The State of New Hampshire - An Introduction to the Granite State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ 2009-04-13۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  34. Merriam-Webster Dictionary
  35. New York Knicks, What's a Knickerbocker?
  36. Powell، William S. (March 1982). "What's in a Name?: Why We're All Called Tar Heels". Tar Heel (Tar Heel Magazine, Inc.). OCLC 005457348. http://alumni.unc.edu/article.aspx?sid=3516۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2009-07-17. 
  37. "The State of Ohio - An Introduction to the Buckeye State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  38. Stewart، Roy P. (December 20, 1968)۔ "Postal Card Proves Sooners Were 'Okies' Way Back In 1907"۔ The Daily Oklahoman: p. 9, col. 2۔ "Now comes Mrs. Agness Hooks of Thomas with a postal card mailed at Newcastle, Ind. in 1907, address to a Miss Agness Kirkbridge, with the salutation: 'Hello Okie — Will see you next Monday night.' Signed: Myrtle M. Pence. Mrs. Hooks says Agness Kirkbridge was an aunt of hers. The Kirkbridge family came to Oklahoma Territory in 1904 and settled south of Custer City." 
  39. "The State of Oklahoma - An Introduction to the Sooner State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  40. "History of"۔ Luzerne County۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  41. "The Providence Journal | Rhode Island breaking news, sports, politics, business, entertainment, weather and traffic - providencejournal.com - Providence Journal"۔ Projo.com۔ 2012-07-17۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ [مردہ ربط]
  42. http://www.sciway.net/hist/sandlapper.html
  43. "The State of Tennessee - An Introduction to the Volunteer State from"۔ Netstate.Com۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-07-22۔ 
  44. de la Teja، Jesus F. (1997)۔ "The Colonization and Independence of Texas: A Tejano Perspective"۔ میں Rodriguez O.، Jaime E.؛ Vincent، Kathryn۔ Myths, Misdeeds, and Misunderstandings: The Roots of Conflict in U.S.–Mexican Relations۔ Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc.۔ صفحہ 79۔ آئی ایس بی این 0-8420-2662-2۔ 
  45. Kapler، Joseph, Jr. (Spring 2002)۔ On Wisconsin Icons: When You Say 'Wisconsin', What Do You Say?۔ Wisconsin Historical Society۔ صفحات 18–31۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2009-04-29�. 
  46. Foamation: About Us۔ Foamation۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2009-04-29�. [مردہ ربط]