مسودہ:مسیحیت سے اسلام

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. [Rome's Envoy to Saudi Arabia Converts to Islam by Luke Baker, CNN, 26 November 2001]
  2. "Islam Convert seeks a seat in Congress". Washingtontimes.com. 16 February 2008. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  3. "Catching up: Indiana's Carson will replace his grandmother in Congress". Blogs.usatoday.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010.  [مردہ ربط]
  4. Banu Kasi, Casius, Kasi and Qasi in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia.
  5. Cat Stevens
  6. Bella Enveeus، Marion Caunter & SM Nasarudin are no longer available 
  7. May. 15, 2005 (15 May 2005). "On the Beach With Dave Chappelle". TIME. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  8. Muslim Belal 
  9. Endah 2007، صفحہ 221.
  10. "Famous London Muslims". Masud.co.uk. 10 December 1953. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  11. Facey, William (2008). "Mayfair to Makkah", Saudi Aramco World, Vol. 59, No. 5, pages 18-23.
  12. http://dir.salon.com/story/books/review/2002/07/17/myjihad/index.html
  13. ^ ا ب پ "Al Qaeda exploits 'blue-eyed' Muslim converts". Financialexpress.com. 15 October 2005. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010.  نقص حوالہ: نادرست <ref> ٹیگ؛ نام "autogenerated1" مختلف مواد کے ساتھ کئی بار استعمال ہوا ہے۔
  14. php?Article=217105
  15. Embassy plot offers insight into terrorist recruitment, training – The Advocate[مردہ ربط]
  16. Guest CV – Dr. Robert (Farooq) D. Crane, Islam Online
  17. Nas 
  18. Some Historical Events of the Muslim World 
  19. Arnoud van Doorn: from anti-Islamic film-maker to hajj pilgrim 
  20. The Collected Works by Ian Dallas, Budgate Press, 2005, ISBN 0-620-34379-6
  21. Von Michael Scharenberg (November 11, 2009). "Muslime in Uniform: Sicherheits-Risiko für unsere Armee? - Schweiz – News – Blick.ch" (بزبان الألمانية). Blicko. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ December 23, 2010. 
  22. Nigeria's oil militant 
  23. Lewis, Dominic Bevan Wyndham (1931). Charles of Europe. Coward-McCann. صفحات 174–175. OCLC 485792029. A new star was now rising in the piratical firmament, Barbarossa's lieutenant Dragut-Reis, a Greek who had been taken prisoner by the corsairs in his youth and had turned Mahometan. 
  24. "Isabelle Eberhardt: Explorer". Enchantedlearning.com. 21 October 1904. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  25. "Muslim cleric guilty of soliciting murder". Special report: Race in the UK. London: The Guardian. 4 February 2003. 19 December 2007 میں اصل سے آرکائیو شدہ. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 23 دسمبر 2007. 
  26. Postcolonial melancholia, p. 130, Paul Gilroy, Columbia University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-231-13454-5. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  27. Whitlock، Craig (15 September 2007). "Converts To Islam Move Up In Cells". The Washington Post. 
  28. Ellington gets off to a fast start
  29. CNN: Macon, Georgia, mayor converts to Islam[مردہ ربط]
  30. Keith Ellison for U.S. Congress[مردہ ربط]
  31. Youval Rotman, Jane Marie Todd، Byzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World، President and Fellows of Harvard College، صفحہ 41، Hence, for example, Theophanes tells how Elpidios, the strategos of Sicily, took refuge in Africa, without mentioning his conversion to Islam. 
  32. "How Did You Accept Islam? by Yahiya Emerick". Islamfortoday.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  33. Islamic desk reference By E. J. van Donzel, pg.111
  34. Elizabeth Omara-Otunnu (17 November 2003). "Ramadan Awareness Event Designed To Debunk Negative Images". Advance, یونیورسٹی آف کنیکٹیکٹ. 
  35. Haldenby، Andrew (1 August 2005). "Lengthy queue to join religion that offers 'sense of direction'". London: Telegraph.co.uk. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  36. "Being Muslim One Day at a Time by Adisa Banjoko". Uga.edu. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 02 جنوری 2010. 
  37. Erik J. Zurcher، The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building، صفحہ 310 
  38. Emeka converts to Islam
  39. Mort de Mehdi Faria, ancien entraîneur de l’équipe du Maroc de Football، bladi.net 
  40. Islamic Sufism Unbound: Politics and Piety in Twenty-First Century Pakistan By Robert Rozehnal, pg.60
  41. Para Pemain Sepak Bola Mualaf, Mereka Menemukan Kedamaian Saat Ibadah، eramuslim 
  42. The Moslem World, Volume 58, pg.63, Samuel Marinus Zwemer, Christian Literature Society for India, Hartford Seminary Foundation, Published for the Nile Mission Press by the Christian Literature Society for India, 1911
  43. The complete idiot's guide to the Crusades By Paul L. Williams, pg. 73
  44. "Myriam Francois Cerrah, Oxford University DPhil student in Middle East Politics, and regular contributor on current affairs, embraced Islam in 2003 aged 21". http://www.emel.com/. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 16 دسمبر 2014.  روابط خارجية في |website= (معاونت)
  45. A Cold By Marin Sorescu, Published 1978, p.16
  46. "Al-Qaeda's New Leadership: Adam Gadahn". The Washington Post. 
  47. "Islamic Arabic Heritage: Connection between Past and Present". http://www.islam.gov.kw. Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs – Kuwait. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 17 جون 2012.  روابط خارجية في |work= (معاونت)
  48. Ramdane Belamri، French rapper stuns fans, makes first TV appearance wearing hijab 
  49. The Crusade in the Later Middle Ages A. S. Atiya p.256ff
  50. Biography of Cristian Gonzales، Then right on 9th October 2003 Christian Gonzales decided to convert to Islam on the basis of their own accord in the presence of the Great Mosque cleric Mustafa al Akbar Surabaya 
  51. Bill Bole، John Coltrane، His cousin Mary's first husband, Charles Greenlee, had been a devout disciple... 
  52. Rédigé par Amara Bamba، Docteur Philippe Grenier 
  53. Articles
  54. Conversion: Islam, the growing religion
  55. Elliott، Andrea (27 January 2010). "The Jihadist Next Door". New York Times Magazine. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 28 جنوری 2010. 
  56. Mehmet Kaplan, Tevfik Fikret: Devir- Şahsiyet- Eser, Dergâh Yayınları, 1987, p. 63., (ترکی میں) "Ana tarafına gelince: Fikret'in annesi Hatice Refia Hanım, annesi ve babası ihtida etmiş bir Sakızlı Rum ailesinden"
  57. "MyFox Colorado Being Muslim in The Big Leagues". Myfoxcolorado.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  58. "Here's Hoping". Emel: Muslim Lifestyle. 28 September 2011. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 28 ستمبر 2011. 
  59. About Muhammad Robert Heft 
  60. ’ Journey to Islam – Diary of a German Diplomat’ by Murad Hoffman
  61. http://www.knud-holmboe.com/books/knud_biography.pdf
  62. Steve Bunce (11 November 2001). "Ex-champion Naseem Hamed's comeback battle Special reports | The Observer". London: Observer.guardian.co.uk. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  63. 27 Indonesian Celebrities Who Prefer So Converts 
  64. "About me". Silma. Push-Button Publishing. 2007. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 26 ستمبر 2007. 
  65. Maverick Guide to Morocco by Susan Searight p.171
  66. "Rex Ingram Embracing Mohammedan Faith; Announces Abandoning Motion-Picture Field", New York Times, 2 July 1933;
  67. Sheila Musaji، Interview with Prof. T. B. Irving 
  68. Bahru Zewde, A History of Modern Ethiopia (London: James Currey, 1991), p. 121.
  69. ^ ا ب The importance of being Gauhar Jan The Tribune, 26 May 2002.
  70. A history of Arabic literature By Clément Huart, pg.311
  71. Jermaine Jackson (I) – Biography
  72. "Ice Cube on Islam". London: Guardian.co.uk. February 25, 2000. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ November 15, 2008. 
  73. Putting a good glossy on the Muslim lifestyle. Times
  74. Moynihan، Colin (20 July 2010). "Abdul Kadir Denies Role in Kennedy Airport Plot". The New York Times. 
  75. The Muslim World League Journal – Volume 9، صفحہ 14 
  76. Keller, Nu Ha Mim. Becoming Muslim.
  77. Why Women are Accepting Islam، Darussalam، صفحہ 283 
  78. Shah ʹAbbas & the arts of Isfahan, by Anthony Welch, pg. 17
  79. The Iranian constitutional revolution, 1906–1911, by Janet Afary, pg. 26
  80. Marc O'Sullivan، Artist Kingerlee bewitched by the beauty of Beara 
  81. Logged in as click here to log out (19 March 2007). "Comment is free Punk Muslims". London: Commentisfree.guardian.co.uk. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  82. In memory of Linda Jamilah Kolocotronis 
  83. Norwich، John Julius (1996). Byzantium: The Decline and Fall. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. صفحات 81–82. ISBN 0-679-41650-1. 
  84. O city of Byzantium: annals of Niketas Choniatēs By Nicetas Choniates, Harry J. Magoulias, pg. xxiv
  85. Dr. Jeffrey Lang (Abdul-Ahad Omar) 
  86. Muslim convert Colleen LaRose, aka Jihad Jane, faces terror charges، The Guardian 
  87. von Leers، Johann، "German Propaganda Archive – The End of Jewish Migration"، Calvin College 
  88. Faith and sword: a short history of Christian-Muslim conflict By Alan G. Jamieson, pg.32
  89. Brown، David (29 February 2012). "'I just wanted to marry a Muslim and settle down'". The Times. London. صفحہ 6. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 29 ستمبر 2013. (رکنیت درکار)
  90. Tage Lindbom 
  91. Western white woman a suicide bomber – World – Times Online[مردہ ربط]
  92. ICT – International Institute for Counter-Terrorism[مردہ ربط]
  93. <[1]
  94. "Transcript of John Ashcroft – February 5, 2002". Transcripts.cnn.com. 5 February 2002. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  95. Litvinenko converted to Islam, father says – Times Online[مردہ ربط]
  96. "Litvinenko's Father Says Son Requested Muslim Burial – RADIO FREE EUROPE / RADIO LIBERTY". Rferl.org. 5 December 2006. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  97. Rapper star Loon converts to Islam MPACUK (15 July 2009). Retrieved on 2009-08-09.
  98. Yvette Christianse، Castaway، ..Lopez and others had converted to Islam and sided with Moslem resistance to the Portuguese. 
  99. Islamic art and architecture 650–1250 By Richard Ettinghausen, Oleg Grabar, Marilyn Jenkins, pg, 134
  100. "Vinnie Paz". Philaflava.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  101. Cindy George (20 June 2007). "Houston man gets 10 years for al-Qaida training". Houston Chronicle. 
  102. "Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah Theology Islam". Ruqaiyyah.karoo.net. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  103. MSBC Article's title says "Raised Catholic, this Muslim professor is bringing the moderate viewpoint to the world."]
  104. Former Miss SA embraces Islam in Gaza 
  105. Dr. Jeremiah D. McAuliffe, Jr., Ph.D. 
  106. "The history of new Muslims". Media ISNET. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 17 مارچ 2007. 
  107. Hughes، Rob (31 July 2002). "SOCCER : Metsu's magic ride ends". International Herald Tribune. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010.  [مردہ ربط]
  108. The Last Great Muslim Empires, By H. J. Kissling, Bertold Spuler, F. R. C. Bagley, pg.3
  109. American studies in altaic linguistics, By Denis Sinor, pg.5
  110. Assassin!: The Deadly Art of the Cult of the Assassins By Haha Lung, pg. 29
  111. Another Indian Actress Converts to Islam, quits films 
  112. Idris Muhammad, Drummer Who Crossed Genre Lines 
  113. Christian and Muslim comics show believers that faith sometimes is best shared through laughter – especially when it's at themselves[مردہ ربط]
  114. “Allah Made Me Funny!” – A Popular Muslim-American Comedy. IslamOnline.net
  115. Matthew Saad Muhammad
  116. "Peter Murphy". Nndb.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  117. Three killed while performing ritual
  118. UU site[مردہ ربط]
  119. From the projects to the Capitol, part two 
  120. "Religion & Ethics – Islam in the UK (1500s-present): Before the 20th century". BBC. 7 September 2009. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  121. Lessing's theological writings: selections in translation By Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Henry Chadwick, pg.12
  122. "Tech N9ne: Deeper Than Rap". HipHopDX. 16 November 2009. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 05 اکتوبر 2012. 
  123. Alizadeh، Saeed؛ Alireza Pahlavani؛ Ali Sadrnia. Iran: A Chronological History. صفحہ 137. 
  124. H. J. Kissling, Bertold Spuler, N. Barbour, J. S. Trimingham, H. Braun, H. Hartel، The Last Great Muslim Empires، صفحہ 118 
  125. "Robin Padilla opens school for Muslim kids". Showbizandstyle.inquirer.net. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  126. 10 Things you don't know about Naledi Pandor، Youth Village 
  127. Statement sent on Behalf of Wayne Parnell Cricket South Africa
  128. Klemenčić، Mladen (1993). A Concise atlas of the Republic of Croatia & of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina. Michigan: Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute (original from University of Michigan Press). صفحہ 88. 
  129. Walter G. Andrews, Najaat Black, Mehmet Kalpaklı.Ottoman lyric poetry: an anthology. University of Washington Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-295-98595-4, p. 230.
  130. The decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire By Alan Palmer, pg. 52
  131. Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev – Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. صفحہ 224. ISBN 954-523-072-X. Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea. 
  132. George Gawrych، The Crescent and the Eagle: Ottoman Rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874–1913، صفحہ 49، ..Marshal Mehmed Ali Pasa (1827–78), originally a German named Karl Detroit who had come to Istanbul at the age of fifteen and converted to Islam. 
  133. Evg Radushev, Svetlana Ivanova, Rumen Kovachev – Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. صفحہ 224. ISBN 954523072X. Hasan Pasa (Damad-i- Padisahi), Greek convert from Morea. 
  134. Davidson, Basil. Africa in History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
  135. Ethnicity, Cultural Discontinuity and Power Brokers in Northern Iraq: The Case of the Shabak .Amal Vinogradov. American Ethnologist, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Feb. 1974), pp. 207–218
  136. Mohamed, Duse (1911). In the land of the pharaohs: a short history of Egypt from the fall of Ismail to the assassination of Boutros Pasha. D. Appleton and company. صفحہ xii. OCLC 301095947. PRIME MINISTERS * Ragheb Pasha was Prime Minister from July 12, 1882 
  137. Schölch, Alexander (1981). Egypt for the Egyptians!: the socio-political crisis in Egypt, 1878–1882. Ithaca Press. صفحہ 326. ISBN 0-903729-82-2. Isma'il Raghib was born in Greece in 1819; the sources differ over his homeland. After first being kidnapped to Anatolia, he was brought as a slave to Egypt in 1246 (1830/1), by Ibrahim Pasha, and there he was 'converted' from Christianity 
  138. Paul Sève. "Biographie". Soliman-pacha.ifrance.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  139. The Genoese in Galata: 1453–1682, Louis Mitler, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 10, No. (Feb. 1979), pp. 71–91.
  140. Philby, H. Saint John. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2 July 2007.
  141. "Dr.Bilal Philips' Official website". Bilalphilips.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  142. Islamic Studies : A Research Guide[مردہ ربط]
  143. "Me Mauro Poggia ou la course en tandem du battant solitaire". Tribune de Genève. 3 November 2009. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 29 اکتوبر 2011. 
  144. Russian Archpriest Viacheslav Polosin Converts to Islam 
  145. Sean Price Interviews Scarface: They Discuss Religion, Emceeing & Ultimate Rap Collaborations 
  146. "Ponke, a human rights hero, is dead". Etan.org. 28 February 2002. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  147. "William Henry ('Sheikh Abdullah') Quilliam, 1856". Isle-of-man.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  148. The Historians' History of the World by Henry Smith Williams, p. 137, published 1907
  149. "Ahmad Rashad Bio – Ahmad Rashad Biography – Ahmad Rashad Stories". Tv.com. 2 June 2009. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  150. "Minnesota Vikings Football Tickets – Vikings Football". Vikings Tickets. 19 November 1949. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  151. Elliott، Michael (16 February 2002). "The Shoe Bomber's World". TIME. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  152. Stephen Snelders، The Devil's Anarchy: The Sea Robberies of the Most Famous Pirate Claes G. Compaen، صفحہ 24، After his conversion, Jansz. proselytized actively for his new faith, trying to convert Christian slaves... 
  153. RIBERY HAILS GREAT ZIDANE: Sporting Life 2006 World Cup Finals in Germany, Breaking News, Features, Cannavaro, Zidane, Lippi, Domenech, Buffon, Vieira, Henry[مردہ ربط]
  154. "Yvonne Ridley: From captive to convert", By Hannah Bayman, BBC News (online), 21 September 2004
  155. "BBC Inside Out – Yvonne Ridley". Bbc.co.uk. 6 October 2003. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  156. Pirates and the Lost Templar Fleet, By David Hatcher Childress pg. 94
  157. Pop stars of Muslim world continuing rise up charts، Anatolia News Agency، Daily News 
  158. Dr. Umar Rolf Baron Ehrenfels (Austria) 
  159. Religion and Nation: Iranian Local and Transnational Networks in Britain By Kathryn Spellman, pg. 145
  160. "In Philippines, watchful eye on converts". Csmonitor.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  161. "Militant Islamic Converts And Terrorism in the Philippines" (PDF). 09 جولا‎ئی 2008 میں اصل (PDF) سے آرکائیو شدہ. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  162. "MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base". Tkb.org. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010.  [مردہ ربط]
  163. Winet، Evan Darwin (2007). "Sarumpaet, Ratna (1949 – )". In Cody، Gabrielle. The Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama. 2. New York: Columbia University Press. صفحات 1190–1191. ISBN 978-0-231-14424-7. 
  164. Arnold, Paul W. (2007-11-18) Scarface interview – AllHipHop.com. Hiphopdx.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-25.
  165. Scarface Digital Biography 
  166. "Europe | Italy prepares for new terrorism". BBC News. 4 August 2005. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  167. "Free Resources – Black History – Biographies – Betty Shabazz". Gale. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  168. Lonnie Shavelson (20 July 2010). "First Muslim College in US to Open in Berkeley". californiareport.org. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 18 اکتوبر 2010. 
  169. "New Islamic Directions". New Islamic Directions. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  170. [2] Omar Sharif converts to Islam
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  172. The holy cities, the pilgrimage and the world of Islām: a history from the earliest traditions until 1925 (1344H), pg. 310, by Ghālib ibn ʻAwaḍ Quʻayṭī (al-Sulṭān.), Sultan Ghalib al-Qu'aiti
  173. Marshall Cavendish Reference، Illustrated Dictionary of the Muslim World، صفحہ 59 
  174. Sabey، R. (19 June 2010). "Champ to chump: Muslim who abused troops is ex-British boxing ace". The Sun. London. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 01 اکتوبر 2010. 
  175. Jamie Gilham، Loyal Enemies: British Converts to Islam, 1850–1950 
  176. http://news.sky.com/home/showbiz-news/article/16173541
  177. "20 Minuten Online – Ex-SVPler: "Schweiz braucht mehr Moscheen" – Schweiz" (بزبان الألمانية). 20 Minuten. 23 November 2009. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 23 دسمبر 2010. 
  178. Hogan, Christine (2006). The Veiled Lands: A Woman's Journey Into the Heart of the Islamic World. Macmillan Publishers Aus. صفحہ 74. ISBN 9781405037013. Kosem was born on the Macedonian island of Tinos, where she was born as Anastasia, the daughter of a Macedonian Orthodox priest. Captured by slavers, she was sent to Istanbul by Bosna beylerbeyi 
  179. Freely, John (1996). Istanbul: the imperial city. Viking. صفحہ 215. ISBN 0-14-024461-1. Then around 1608 Ahmet found a new favourite, a Macedonian girl named Anastasia, who had been captured on the island of Tinos and sent as a slave to the Harem, where she took the name of Kosem 
  180. The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire 
  181. Abdurrahman Sykes 
  182. Ibn Ab̄i Tahir Ṭāyfūr and Arabic writerly culture a ninth-century bookman in Baghdad RoutledgeCurzon Studies in Arabic and Middle-Eastern Literatures: A Ninth-century Bookman in Baghdad, By Shawkat M. Toorawa, pg. 94
  183. A history of the crusades, By Steven Runciman, pg. 397
  184. AP (14 August 1982). "Joe Tex, 47, Recording Artist And Soul Singer for 30 Years". New York Times. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  185. Thomson, Ahmad – Author Information Ibooks
  186. "The Music Show – 24 February 2007 – Danny Thompson". Abc.net.au. 24 February 2007. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  187. Thomas convicted under terror laws, Four Corners, 27 February 2006
  188. ABC staff (20 December 2006). "Thomas to face retrial on terrorism charges". ABC online. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 20 دسمبر 2006. 
  189. Humphries, Patrick, Richard Thompson — The Biography, Schirmer, 1997. ISBN 0-02-864752-1
  190. "South Asia | Afghan kidnappers 'want convert'". BBC News. 18 October 2006. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  191. Ştefan Ştefănescu, Istoria medie a României, Bucharest, Vol. I, 1991, p.164
  192. Juan Goytisolo and the poetics of contagion, pg.133, by Stanley Beck
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  194. Michel Levallois, Ismaÿl Urbain (1812–1884) : une autre conquête de l'Algérie, ed. Maisonneuve & Larose, 2001, ISBN 2-7068-1533-7, pages, 33-36
  195. Stephen Brook (8 August 2007). "newspaper report on police investigation into undercover mosque program. Wednesday August 8, 2007". London: Guardian. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  196. "Rizeli futbolcu ve eşi müslüman oldu". internetspor. December 7, 2007. December 8, 2007 میں اصل سے آرکائیو شدہ. 
  197. Powell، Michael (23 July 2009). "U.S. Recruit Reveals How Qaeda Trains Foreigners". The New York Times. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 26 فروری 2010. 
  198. Slatin, Rudolf Karl, Baron von. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 3 July 2007.
  199. Islam in America, By Jane I. Smith, pg. 196
  200. Kohn, Rachael. The Black imam of Brooklyn
  201. Captain Jack Sparrow – Judge for yourself!، beliefnet 
  202. Islam in America, By Jane I. Smith, pg. 189
  203. "Conversion: Islam, the growing religion". Salaam.co.uk. 1 October 1916. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  204. "The "Yankee Mohammedan": Alexander Russell Webb and the". Encyclopedia.com. 1 January 2007. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
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  206. IslamonLine.net
  207. "Dawud Wharnsby – Colorado – Folk Rock / Acoustique / A'cappella – www.myspace.com/wharnsby". MySpace.com. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
  208. John Whitehead at the Notable Names Database
  209. "Beds Herts and Bucks – Sport – Williams on boxing: I am not supposed to do it!". BBC. 18 July 2005. اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 07 اپریل 2010. 
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