معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے برمی

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Burmese character k.svg
یہ صفحہ برمی متن پر مشتمل ہے۔ موزوں معاونت کے بغیر آپ کو برمی متن کی بجائے سوالیہ نشان، خانے یا دیگر نشانات نظر آسکتے ہیں۔

The charts below show the way in which the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد (IPA) represents برمی زبان pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Burmese phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Burmese.

حرف صحیحs
IPA Burmese example English approximation
b ဘဲ [bɛ́] bat
d ဓာတ် [daʔ] dye
ဂျင် [ɪ̀ɴ] Jew
ð အညာသား [ʔəɲàðá] this
ɡ ဂုဏ် [ɡòʊ̯ɴ] gate
h ဟုတ် [hoʊ̯ʔ] hone
j ယား [já] yield
k ကုန် [kòʊ̯ɴ] skate[1]
ခုန် [òʊ̯ɴ] Kate[2]
l လုပ် [loʊ̯ʔ] lay
လှုပ် [oʊ̯ʔ] play; like /l/ but voiceless
m မတ် [maʔ] much
မှတ် [aʔ] None; like /m/ but voiceless
n နမ်း [náɴ] not
နှမ်း [áɴ] None; like /n/ but voiceless
ɴ ခံ [kʰàɴ] somewhat like long[3]
ɲ ညစ် [ɲɪʔ] canyon
ɲ̥ ညှစ် [ɲ̥ɪʔ] None; like /ɲ/, but voiceless
ŋ ငါး [ŋá] sing
ŋ̊ ငှါး [ŋ̊á] None; like /ŋ/, but voiceless
p ပဲ [pɛ́] spat[1]
ဖဲ [ɛ́] pat[2]
ɹ တိရစ္ဆာန် [təɹeɪ̯ʔsʰàɴ][4] rock
s စာ [sà] gas
ဆာ [à] grass hut[2]
ʃ ရှာ [ʃà] shoe
t တတ် [taʔ] sty[1]
ထပ် [aʔ] tie[2]
ကြဉ် [ɪ̀ɴ] itch[1]
tɕʰ ချင် [tɕʰɪ̀ɴ] chew[2]
θ သတ် [θaʔ] thin
w ဝါး [wá] wield
z ဇာ [zà] zoo
ʔ အုတ် [ʔoʊ̯ʔ] uh-oh, Cockney bottle
مصوتs
IPA Burmese example English approximation
a နား [ná] father
aɪ̯ နိုင် [nàɪ̯ɴ] might
aʊ̯ နောက် [naʊ̯ʔ] mouth[5]
e နေ [nè] Scottish English mate
နိပ် [nʔ] may[5]
ɛ နယ် [nɛ̀] met
ə ခလုတ် [kʰəloʊ̯ʔ] comma
i နီး [ní] meet
ɪ နင်း [nɪ́ɴ] mit[5]
o နို့ [n] Scottish English note
oʊ̯ နုန်း [nóʊ̯ɴ] mow[5]
ɔ နော် [nɔ̀] bought
u နှူး [n̥ú] moot
ʊ နွမ်း [nʊ́ɴ] foot[5]
لہجے والی زبان
IPA Burmese examples Explanation
` ငါ [ŋà] Normal phonation, medium duration, low intensity, low (often slightly rising) pitch
´ ငါး [ŋá] Sometimes slightly breathy, relatively long, high intensity, high pitch; often with a fall before a pause
˷ ငါ့ [ŋa̰] Tense or creaky phonation (sometimes with lax وقف مزمار), medium duration, high intensity, high (often slightly falling) pitch

حواشی[ترمیم]

  1. ^ ا ب پ ت Unaspirated, like /p t k/ etc. in Romance or Slavic languages.
  2. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ Heavily aspirated.
  3. The vowel before the /ɴ/ is always nasalized, and if a consonant follows /ɴ/, then the /ɴ/ becomes homorganic with the following consonant. It is never uvular, more functioning as a nasal approximant, either alveolar or velar. See here for more details.
  4. A marginal consonant in Burmese, /ɹ/ occurs only in foreign words, and even there is often replaced by /j/ or /l/.
  5. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ The sounds [aʊ̯], [eɪ̯], [ɪ], [oʊ̯], and [ʊ] are allophones of /ɔ/, /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/ respectively, occurring in ہجاs, i.e. before /ɴ/ and /ʔ/.