معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے ترکی، آزربائیجانی اور ترکمان

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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حروف صامت
بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ مثالیں انگریزی مشابہت
Flag of ترکی Flag of آذربائیجان Flag of ترکمانستان
b b about
d d ado
d͡ʒ c(ترکی / آذری), j (ترکمان) dodge
f ɸ f food; food but made only with lips
ɡ g (ترکی / ترکمان), q (آذری) [1] ago
ɟ g[1] between jump and gear
ɣ ʁ ğ(ترکی / آذری)[2], g (ترکمان) [2]
j
β
h [3] h home
j y(ترکی / آذری), ý (ترکمان) yet
k q k skill; (ترکمان) k in the throat
c [4] k k[1] ski
l l lâle 'tulip'[1] leaf
ɫ lala 'tutor'[1] peel ("dark L")
m m much
n n not
ŋ ň (ترکمان) wing
p p span
ɾ r (US) pretty; Scottish r
s θ s sue; think
ʃ ş shoe
t t table
t͡ʃ ç catch
v [5] β v(ترکی / آذری), w (ترکمان) vase, how[5]; as Spanish lava
x x (آذری), h (ترکمان)[4] Bach
z ð z zone; then
ʒ j(ترکی / آذری), ž (ترکمان) beige
حروف علت
بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ مثالیں انگریزی مشابہت
a dal 'branch' father
ɑ Azərbaycan (آذری) bra
æ Azərbaycan (آذری) şäher 'city, town' (ترکمان)
meltem 'breeze' (Turkish)
cat
e gelin 'bride' bed
i dil 'tongue' deal
o yol 'way' somewhat like core
ø gör 'to see' somewhat like Received Pronunciation bird
u uçak 'airplane' put
ɯ ılık(ترکی / آذری) 'mild' ylyk (ترکمان) somewhat like roses
y güneş 'sun' somewhat like cue


فوق حسّیاتی
بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ مثالیں
ˈ torbalı /torbaˈlɯ/ 'with bag'
توربالی /ˈtorbalɯ/ (a place name)

[6]

ː â, î, û, ğ[2] âlem /aːlem/ 'world'

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ [c]~[k](ترکی / آذری) / [k]~[q] (ترکمان), [ɟ]~[ɡ](Turkish) / [ɡ]~[ʁ] (ترکمان), [l]~[ɫ] only contrast in loan words before <â, û> vs. <a, u>; in native words, [c/k, ɟ/ɡ, l] occur before the front vowels (/e/, /i/, /ø/, /y/), while [k/q, ɡ, ɫ] occur before the back vowels (/a/, /o/, /u/, /ɯ/).
  2. ^ ا ب پ In Turkish, between unrounded front vowels (/e/, /i/), ğ is similar to English y. Between unrounded back vowels (/a/, /ɯ/), it is silent. Between rounded vowels (/o/, /ø/, /u/, /y/) it is either silent or may have a very light [β] sound. Word-finally or before a consonant, it lengthens the preceding vowel.,
  3. In Turkmen, [h] occurs before front vowels (/e/, /i/, /ø/, /y/) while [x] occurs before back vowels (/a/, /o/, /u/, /ɯ/).
  4. ^ ا ب In many eastern Turkish/Azeri dialects, [c] at the end of a word or before a voiceless consonant may become [ç] as in huge.
  5. ^ ا ب /v/ may be [w] after a vowel or in some loanwords.
  6. In Turkish proper, proper nouns are typically stressed on the 2nd or 3rd last syllable, and other words (excepting certain unstressed suffixes and stressed verb tenses) are stressed on the last syllable.
    Note that in Wikipedia articles, the stress is often wrongly assigned to the final syllable even in proper nouns.