معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے سنسکرت

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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حرف صحیحs
IPA دیوناگری IAST English approximation
b b about
bh abhor ('h' not silent)
c c chew
ch Churchill (stress on 'h')
d this
d̪ʱ dh roughly like old house
ɖ roughly like border
ɖʱ ḍh roughly like birdhouse
ɡ g again
ɡʱ gh doghouse
h head
h
j y yak
d͡ʑ j juice
d͡ʑʱ jh roughly like hedgehog
k k scan
kh can
l l leaf
m m much
n n tenth
ɳ roughly like burnt [1]
ɲ ñ roughly like canyon[1]
ŋ bank [1]
p p span
ph pot
r r three (Scottish English)
s s sue
ʂ roughly like shtick
ʃ ś sheep
t thrill (Scottish English)
t̪ʰ th roughly like math
ʈ roughly like curt
ʈʰ ṭh roughly like courthouse
ʋ v between wine and vine
مصوتs [1][2]
IPA دیوناگری IAST English approximation
ə अ, प a quota
आ, पा ā bra
ए, पे e Somewhat like wait
i इ, पि i happy
ई, पी ī feet
ऌ, पॢ Syllabic ‹l›: bottle
l̩ː ॡ, पॣ Long syllabic ‹l›
ओ, पो o old (Irish English)
ऋ, पृ Syllabic ‹r›: better
r̩ː ॠ, पॄ Long syllabic ‹r›: bird
u उ, पु u look
ऊ, पू ū loot
əi ऐ, पै ai Somewhat like bail
əu औ, पौ au open (British English)


Other symbols
IPA دیوناگری IAST English equivalent
 ̃ nasal vowel ([ãː], [õː], etc.) [1]
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)

Notes[ترمیم]

  1. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ Vowels may occur nasalized as an allophone of the nasal consonants in certain positions. See anusvara, chandrabindu.
  2. Sanskrit distinguishes between long and short vowels. Each monophthong has a long and short phoneme. The diphthongs, historically /ai, aːi, au, aːu/, also have a difference in مصوت: /e, əi, o, əu/. Vowels may rarely occur extra-long.

References[ترمیم]

  • Maciej Zieba؛ Ulrich Stiehl۔ "The Original Pronunciation of Sanskrit" (پی‌ڈی‌ایف)۔ Ulrich Stiehl۔ اخذ شدہ بتاریخ 27 ستمبر 2011۔