معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے چیک اور سلاواکی

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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حرف صحیحs
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Examples Nearest English equivalent
b byl bill
c lať, těšit, teď stew (UK)
d délka delta
dz podzim, noc byla[1] heads
bán jab
f foukat, záchvěv focus
ɡ kdo, gag gag
ɦ hořet ahead
j jenom yellow
ɟ ďas, děda dew (UK)
k kolo, ping-pong scald
l lak lack
Vltava little
m mouka mocha
sedm rhythm
n nyní ninny
ɲ laň, koně canyon
ŋ Hanka Hank
p pyl, nabob spill
r robot robot (trilled)
vrba lover (US, trilled)
řeka simultaneous [r] and [ʒ]
r̝̊ chřest simultaneous [] and [ʃ]
s stůl stole
ʃ šelest shell
t ten, led stand
ts cena bats
čas chase
v vítr vittle
x chomout, práh loch
z zima zoo
ʒ žár fusion
مصوتs
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Examples Nearest English equivalent
a matka hatter (UK)
máma father
ɛ let let
ɛː létat square (UK)
ɪ klid, byl kid
klít, být cleat
o pod pot (UK)
móda thought (UK)
u kup fool (shorter), bull
úroda, kůlna fool
Diphthongs
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Examples Nearest English equivalent
au auto out
ɛu euro say oo
ou louka local (US)
معاونت:با ابجدیہ Stress
ˈ Stress falls on the first syllable of a word.

Notes[ترمیم]

  1. [d͡z] occurs only in loanwords and as an allophone of /t͡s/ before voiced consonants. The word "podzim" is usually pronounced with [d͡z], but a careful speaker would pronounce the two letters separately.

Bibliography[ترمیم]

  • Jana Dankovičová، "Czech"، Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet، Cambridge: Cambridge University Press، صفحات 70–74، آئی ایس بی این 0-521-65236-7
  • Šárka Šimáčková؛ Václav Jonáš Podlipský؛ Kateřina Chládková، "Czech spoken in Bohemia and Moravia" (پی‌ڈی‌ایف)، Journal of the International Phonetic Association (2): 225–232، ڈی او آئی:10.1017/S0025100312000102