اہوم خاندان

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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اہوم خاندان (انگریزی: Ahom dynasty) () (1228ء-1826ء) نے موجودہ آسام، بھارت پر مملکت اہوم کے نام 598 برس تک حکومت کی۔ اس شاہی خاندان کی بنیاد مونگ ماو کے شان قوم کے شہزادہ چھولونگ سوکپا نے رکھی تھی۔ اہوم خاندان کی حکومت کا خاتمہ آسام پر برما کے حملہ کے بعد ہوا اور 1826ء میں میں آسام کو ایسٹ انڈیا کمپنی میں ضم کر دیا گیا۔

خط زمانی[ترمیم]

مملکت اہوم کے فرمانرواوں کی فہرست
سال حکومت اہوم نام دیگر نام ولی عہد اختتام دار الحکومت
1228–1268 40y Sukaphaa natural death Charaideo
1268–1281 13y Suteuphaa son of Sukaphaa natural death Charaideo
1281–1293 8y Subinphaa son of Suteuphaa natural death Charaideo
1293–1332 39y Sukhaangphaa son of Subinphaa natural death Charaideo
1332–1364 32y Sukhrangpha son of Sukhaangphaa natural death Charaideo
1364–1369 5y Interregnum[1]
1369–1376 7y Sutuphaa brother of Sukhrangphaa[2] assassinated[3] Charaideo
1376–1380 4y Interregnum
1380–1389 9y Tyao Khamti brother of Sutuphaa assassinated[4] Charaideo
1389–1397 8y Interregnum
1397–1407 10y Sudangphaa Baamuni Kunwar son of Tyao Khaamti[5] natural death Charagua
1407–1422 15y Sujangphaa son of Sudangphaa natural death
1422–1439 17y Suphakphaa son of Sujangpha natural death
1439–1488 49y Susenphaa son of Suphakphaa natural death
1488–1493 5y Suhenphaa son of Susenphaa assassinated[6]
1493–1497 4y Supimphaa son of Suhenphaa natural death
1497–1539 42y Suhungmung Swarganarayan،
Dihingiaa Rojaa I
son of Supimphaa assassinated[7] Bakata
1539–1552 13y Suklenmung Garhgayaan Rojaa son of Suhungmung natural death Garhgaon
1552–1603 51y Sukhaamphaa Khuraa Rojaa son of Suklenmung natural death Garhgaon
1603–1641 38y Susenghphaa Prataap Singha،
Burhaa Rojaa,
Buddhiswarganarayan
son of Sukhaamphaa natural death Garhgaon
1641–1644 3y Suramphaa Jayaditya Singha,
Bhogaa Rojaa
son of Susenghphaa deposed[8] Garhgaon
1644–1648 4y Sutingphaa Noriyaa Rojaa brother of Suramphaa deposed[9] Garhgaon
1648–1663 15y Sutamla Jayadhwaj Singha,
Bhoganiyaa Rojaa
son of Sutingphaa natural death Garhgaon/Bakata
1663–1670 7y Supangmung Chakradhwaj Singha cousin of Sutamla[10] natural death Bakata/Garhgaon
1670–1672 2y Sunyatphaa Udayaditya Singha brother of Supangmung[11] deposed[12]
1672–1674 2y Suklamphaa Ramadhwaj Singha brother of Sunyatphaa poisoned[13]
1674–1675 21d Suhung

[14]

Samaguria Rojaa

Khamjang

Samaguria descendant of Suhungmung deposed[15]
1675-1675 24d Gobar Roja great-grandson of Suhungmung[16] deposed[17]
1675–1677 2y Sujinphaa

[18]

Arjun Konwar,
Dihingia Rojaa II
grandson of Pratap Singha, son of Namrupian Gohain deposed, suicide[19]
1677–1679 2y Sudoiphaa Parvatia Rojaa great-grandson of Suhungmung[20] deposed, killed[21]
1679–1681 3y Sulikphaa Ratnadhwaj Singha,
Loraa Rojaa
Samaguria family deposed, killed[22]
1681–1696 15y Supaatphaa Gadadhar Singha son of Gobar Rojaa natural death Borkola
1696–1714 18y Sukhrungphaa Rudra Singha son of Supaatphaa natural death Rangpur
1714–1744 30y Sutanphaa Siba Singha son Sukhrungphaa natural death
1744–1751 7y Sunenphaa Pramatta Singha brother of Sutanphaa natural death
1751–1769 18y Suremphaa Rajeswar Singha brother of Sunenphaa natural death
1769–1780 11y Sunyeophaa Lakshmi Singha brother of Suremphaa natural death
1780–1795 15y Suhitpangphaa Gaurinath Singha son of Sunyeophaa natural death Jorhat
1795–1811 16y Suklingphaa Kamaleswar Singha great-grandson of Lechai, the brother of Rudra Singha[23] natural death, smallpox Jorhat
1811–1818 17y Sudingphaa (1) Chandrakaanta Singha brother of Suklingphaa deposed[24] Jorhat
1818–1819 1y Purandar Singha (1) descendant of Suremphaa[24] deposed[25] Jorhat
1819–1821 2y Sudingphaa (2) Chandrakaanta Singha fled the capital[26]
1821–1822 1y Jogeswar Singha brother of Hemo Aideo, puppet of Burmese ruler[27] removed[28]
1833–1838 Purandar Singha (2)[29]

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. Gogoi records that Sukhrangphaa died without leaving a son and the two ministers administered the kingdom without a king for five years (Gogoi 1968، صفحہ۔ 273)۔ Gait and others do not record this (Gait 1906، صفحہ۔ 358)، though Baruah does (Baruah 1983، صفحہ۔ 282)
  2. Sutuphaa was the younger brother of Sukhrangphaa, who was settled in a village called Lahanjing. He was invited by the Burhagohain and Borgohain to become the king and he set up his seat at Chapagurinagar (Gogoi 1968، صفحہ۔ 273)
  3. Sukhramphaa was assassinated by the king of the Chutiya kingdom on a barge ride on Suffry river )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  4. Sukhangphaa and his chief queen were deposed and executed by the ministers for their autocratic rule )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  5. Sudangphaa Bamuni Konwar was born to the second queen of Tyao Khamti in a Brahmin household of Habung )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  6. Suhenphaa was speared to death in his palace by a Tai-Turung chief in revenge for being accused of theft )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  7. Suhungmung was assassinated by a palace staff in a plot engineered by his son, Suklenmung )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  8. Suramphaa was deposed by the ministers when he insisted on burying alive a son of each minister in the tomb of his dead step-son )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔ He was later murdered on the instructions of his nephew, the son of his brother and succeeding Swargadeo.
  9. Sutingphaa was a sickly king (Noriaya Raja)، who participated in an intrigue by his chief queen to install a prince unpopular with the ministers. He was deposed and later murdered on the instructions of his son and successor king Sutamla )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  10. Supangmung was grandson of Suleng (Deo Raja)، the second son of Suhungmung )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  11. The Maju Gohain، the brother of Chakradhwaj Singha, became the king. (Gogoi 1968، صفحہ۔ 470)
  12. Udayaaditya Sinha's palace was stormed by his brother (and successor king) with a thousand-strong contingent of men led by Lasham Debera, and the king was executed the next day. Udayaaditya's religious fanaticism under the influence of a godman had made him unpopular, and the three great gohains implicitly supported this group )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔ This event started a very unstable nine-year period of weak kings, dominated by Debera Borbarua, Atan Burhagohain and Laluk-sola Borphukan in succession. This period ended with the accession of Gadadhar Singha۔
  13. Ramadhwaj Sinha was poisoned on the instructions of Debera Borbarua when he tried to assert his authority )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  14. John S. Deyell۔ Ahom Language Coins of Assam۔
  15. The Samaguria raja was deposed by Debera Borbarua, the de facto ruler, and later executed, along with his queen and her brother )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  16. Gobar Rojaa was the son of Saranga, the son of Suten, the son of Suhungmung Dihingiya Roja.
  17. Gobar Raja was deposed and executed by the Saraighatias (the commanders of Saraighat/Guwahati)، led by Atan Burhagohain )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔ Their target was the de facto ruler, Debera Borbarua, who was also executed.
  18. After Ramdhwaj Singha, Chamaguriya Khamjang Konwar alias Shujinpha ruled only 20 days from 10 اپریل 1674 (e.i. Lakni Kat plao (or 26th year) of 18th Taosinga Circle) and on 30 اپریل he was killed. There after Tungkhongiya Gobar Raja rose only 12 ruled. Both were killed by the powerful minister Debera Baruah. After Gobar Raja two more princes rose only for another 12 days who are not recorded in chronicles. The title of Suhung is suitable for Dihingia Arjun Konwar, who minted coins and ruled more than six months and the minted year 1675 is his rising year (e.i. Lakni khut ni (or 27th year) of 18th Taosinga Circle) -- (Phukan, J.N. (1987)۔ Reattribution of the Coins of Suhung)
  19. Dihingia Arjun Konwar tried to assert control by moving against the de facto ruler, Atan Burhagohain، but was routed in a skirmish. Sujinphaa was blinded and held captive when he committed suicide by striking his head against a stone )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  20. Sudoiphaa was the grandson of Suhungmung's third son, Suteng )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  21. Sudoiphaa was deposed by Laluk-sola Borphukan, who styled himself as the Burhaphukan, and later executed. Atan Burhagohain، the powerful minister, had been executed earlier )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  22. Sulikphaa Lora Roja was deposed and then executed by Gadadhar Singha )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  23. Kamaleswar Singha was installed as the king by Purnananda Burhagohain when he was still an infant. He was the son of Kadam Dighala, the son of Ayusut, the son of Lechai, the second son of Gadadhar Singha۔ Kadam Dighala, who could not become the king because of physical blemishes, was an important influence during the reign )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  24. ^ ا ب Chandrakanta Singha was deposed by Ruchinath Burhagohain, mutilated and confined as a prisoner near Jorhat )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔ The Burhagohain choose Brajanath, a descendant of Suremphaa Pramatta Singha, as the king and coins were struck in the new king's name, but it was discovered that he had mutilations on his person and his son, Purandar Singha, was instated instead )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  25. Purandar Singha's forces under Jaganath Dhekial Phukan defeated the forces led by the Burmese general Kee-Woomingee (Kiamingi or Alumingi Borgohain) on فروری 15, 1819, but due to a strategic mistake Jorhat fell into Burmese hands. Kiamingi brought back Chandrakanta Singha and installed him the king )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  26. Chandrakanta Singha fled to Guwahati when the army of Bagyidaw king of Burma, led by Mingimaha Tilwa, approached Jorhat )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  27. Jogeshwar Singha was the brother of Hemo Aideu, one of the queens of Bagyidaw۔ He was installed as the king by Mingimaha Tilwa )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  28. Jogeshwar Singha was removed from all pretense of power and Mingimaha Tilwa was declared the "Raja of Assam" toward the end of جون, 1822 )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔
  29. Purandar Singha was set up by the East India Company as the tributary Raja of Upper Assam )[[#{{{REF}}}|]](۔