معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے کوریائی

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Korean consonants
IPA ہنگل رسمِ خط RR English approximation
b[1] b ball
d[2] d doll
[3] j gee
ɡ[4] g gall
h h hall
j ㅖ, ㅒ, ㅑ,
ㅛ, ㅠ, ㅕ[5]
y you
k ㄱ, ㅋ[6] g, k kid
kk skin
ㅋ, ㅎㄱ k cup
l ㄹ, ㄴ[7] l lip
m ㅁ, ㅂ[8] m mall
n ㄴ, ㄹ,
ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ[9]
n not
ŋ ㅇ, ㄱ[10] ng king
p , ㅍ[11] b, p paint
pp spit
, ㅎㅂ p paint
ɾ r like Scots r or American ladder
s like see, but aspirated (with more breath)
ss see
ɕʰ[12] s she
ɕ͈[13] ss see
t
ㄷ, ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ[14]
d
t
tall
tt stall
, ㅎㄷ t tall
j cheek
tɕ͈ jj badge
tɕʰ ㅊ, ㅎㅈ ch cheek
w ㅜ, ㅗ[15] w wall
Korean vowels and diphthongs
IPA ہنگل رسمِ خط RR English approximation
a a beta
spa
e e set, Spanish queso
rays, Portuguese peixes
ɛ ae bet, Italian bella
ɛː says, French fête
i i mean
o o core
u u moon
ʌ eo mud
əː between pearl (RP) and pull, with spread lips
ɯ eu like moon, but with spread lips
ɯː
ɰi ui like wee, but with spread lips
  1. Allophone of /p/ between voiced sounds.
  2. Allophone of /t/ between voiced sounds.
  3. Allophone of /tɕ/ between voiced sounds.
  4. Allophone of /k/ between voiced sounds.
  5. Spelled by doubling the short line on the vowel.
  6. ㅋ is [k] at the end of a syllable.
  7. ㄹ is [l] at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [l:].
  8. ㅂ is [m] before [n] or [m].
  9. ㄹ may be [n] at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are [n] before [n] or [m].
  10. ㅇ is only [ŋ] at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is [ŋ] before [n], [m] or [ɾ].
  11. ㅍ is [p] at the end of a syllable.
  12. Allophone of /s/ before /i/ and /j/.
  13. Allophone of /s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
  14. All are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
  15. Spelled ㅜ before [ʌ], [e], [i]; ㅗ before [ɛ], [e], [a]