معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے خمیر

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Consonants[ترمیم]

Full Subscript Initial Value Final Value[1]
្ក k k، ʔ
្ខ k
្គ k k، ʔ
្ឃ k
្ង ŋ ŋ
្ច c c
្ឆ none [2]
្ជ c c
្ឈ none [2]
្ញ ɲ ɲ
្ដ ɗ
្ឋ t̪ʰ
្ឌ ɗ
្ឍ t̪ʰ
្ណ
្ត ، ɗ[3]
្ថ t̪ʰ
្ទ
្ធ t̪ʰ
្ន
្ប ɓ، p[4] p
្ផ p
្ព p p
្ភ p
្ម m m
្យ j j
្រ r r[5]
្ល
្វ ʋ /ʋ/، /w/
្ស s h
្ហ h none [2]
្ឡ none [2]
្អ ʔ none [2]

Dependent Vowels[ترمیم]

1st Series Value 2nd Series Value[6]
ɑː ɔː
، e، ə ، i، ɨ
əj
ə ɨ
əɨ ɨː
o u
ou
əw ɨw
əː
ɨə
ei، ə[7] ، ɨ[7]
ae ɛː
aj ɨj
ao
aw ɨw
om um
ɑm um
am oə̯m
ah eah
eh ih
oh uh
eh ih
ɑh uəh

Independent Vowels[ترمیم]

Vowel IPA
e; i; əi
ʔəj
;
(obsolete)
ʔuː
ʔɨw
ʔrɨʔ
ʔrɨː
ʔlɨʔ
ʔlɨː
ʔae; ʔɛː،ʔeː
ʔaj
، ʔaːo
ʔaw

ملاحظات[ترمیم]

  1. The stops /p, t, c, k/ have no audible release when occurring as syllable finals
  2. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ never occurs at the end of words
  3. ត is used by orthographic convention to represent ɗ in disyllabic words whose underlying form is spelled with ត or ថ as opposed to derivatives of bases spelled with ដ، which keep the original ដ for ɗ۔
  4. in certain words of Pali or Sanskrit origin
  5. final រ is silent (not transcribed) in central dialects of Cambodia and Vietnam, represents a trill in Northern Khmer dialects of Thailand
  6. Khmer consonants belong to two classes that dictate the value of dependent vowels.
  7. ^ ا ب before palatals