ایران عظمی

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
یہاں جائیں: رہنمائی، تلاش کریں
ایران عظمی

ایران عظمی (Greater Iran) (فارسی: ایران بزرگ‎، ایران زَمین) سے مراد قفقاز، مغربی ایشیا، وسط ایشیا اور جنوبی ایشیا کے علاقہ جات ہیں جو تاریخی طور پر مختلف ایرانی (فارسی) سلطنتوں مثلا ماد، ہخامنشی سلطنت، سلطنت اشکانیان، ساسانی سلطنت، دولت سامانیہ، صفوی سلطنت، افشار سلطنت، قاجار سلطنت کے زیر اثر ہونے کی وجہ سے اہم ایرانی ثقافتی اثر و رسوخ رکھتے ہیں۔ [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. Marcinkowski، Christoph (2010). Shi'ite Identities: Community and Culture in Changing Social Contexts. LIT Verlag Münster. صفحہ۔83. 
  2. "Interview with Richard N. Frye (CNN)"۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2007۔ 
  3. Richard Nelson Frye, The Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 55, No. 4 (Oct., 1962), pp. 261-268 http://www.jstor.org/pss/1508723 I use the term Iran in an historical context[...]Persia would be used for the modern state, more or less equivalent to "western Iran". I use the term "Greater Iran" to mean what I suspect most Classicists and ancient historians really mean by their use of Persia - that which was within the political boundaries of States ruled by Iranians.
  4. "IRAN i. LANDS OF IRAN"۔ Encyclopædia Iranica۔ 
  5. Dialect, Culture, and Society in Eastern Arabia: Glossary. Clive Holes. 2001. Page XXX. ISBN 90-04-10763-0
  6. Lange، Christian. Justice, Punishment and the Medieval Muslim Imagination. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. Cambridge University Press. http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=978-0-521-88782-3&ss=exc.  Lange: "I further restrict the scope of this study by focusing on the lands of Iraq and greater Persia (including Khwārazm, Transoxania, and Afghanistan)."
  7. Gobineau، Joseph Arthur; O'Donoghue، Daniel. Gobineau and Persia: A Love Story. http://www.mazdapublisher.com/BookDetails.aspx?BookID=285.  O'Donoghue: "...all set in the greater Persia/Iran which includes Afghanistan".
  8. Shiels، Stan (2004). Stan Shiels on centrifugal pumps: collected articles from "World Pumps" magazine. Elsevier. صفحات۔11–12, 18. https://books.google.com/?id=SOTRAMbmb2kC.  Shiels: "During the Sassanid period the term Eranshahr was employed to denote the region also known as Greater Iran..." Also: "...the Abbasids, who with Persian assistance assumed the Prophet's mantle and transferred their capital to Baghdad three years later; thus, on a site close to historic Ctesiphon and even older Babylon, the caliphate was established within the bounds of Greater Persia."
  9. "Columbia College Today"۔ columbia.edu۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 9 December 2015۔