فابرجے انڈہ

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
Jump to navigation Jump to search
فابرجے انڈہ

فابرجے انڈہ (Fabergé egg) (روسی: Яйца Фаберже́; yaytsa faberzhe) پیٹر کارل فابرجے (Peter Carl Fabergé) اور اس کی کمپنی کے 1885ء سے 1917ء کے درمیان محدود تعداد میں بنائے جانے والے انڈوں میں سے ایک مرصع انڈہ ہے۔[1]

ان میں سب سے زیادہ مشہور روسی زار الیگزینڈر ثالث اور نکولس ثانی کے لیے بنائے جانے والے انڈے ہیں جو انہوں نے ایسٹر کے موقع پر اپنی بیویوں اور ماؤں کے لیے بطور تحفہ بنوائے۔ فابرجے کمپنی نے تقریبا پچاس انڈے بنائے جن میں سے 43 باقی بچے۔[2]

انڈوں کی فہرست[ترمیم]

تاریخ انڈہ تصویر تفصیل مالک
1885 Hen Яйцо "Курочка".JPG [3] وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1886 Hen with Sapphire Pendant [4] LOST
1887 Third Imperial Egg Third Imperial Egg.jpg [5][6] Private Collection
1888 Cherub with Chariot Cherub with Chariot Egg - Reflection.png [7] LOST
1889 Nécessaire 125px [8] LOST
1890 Danish Palaces Danish Palaces Egg.jpg [9]
1891 Memory of Azov Memory of Azov Egg.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1892 Diamond Trellis Diamond Trellis Egg.jpg Private Collection
1893 Caucasus Caucasus Egg.jpg [10]
1894 Renaissance Renaissance egg.jpg وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1895 Rosebud Rosebud egg.jpg وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1895 Blue Serpent Clock [11] Albert II of موناکو collection, مونٹی کارلو, موناکو
1896 Rock Crystal [12] Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
1896 Twelve Monograms Twelve Monogram (Fabergé egg).jpg [13][14][15] Hillwood Museum, واشنگٹن ڈی سی, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1897 Imperial Coronation Egg Fabergé egg Rome 05.JPG وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1897 Mauve [16] LOST
وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1898 Lilies-of-the-Valley Fabergé egg Rome 03.JPG [17] وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1898 Pelican Pelican (Fabergé egg).jpg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, رچمنڈ، ورجینیا, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1899 Bouquet of Lilies Clock Bouquet of lilies clock 01 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1899 Pansy Private Collection
1900 Trans-Siberian Railway Faberge Train Egg Kremlin April 2003.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1900 Cockerel وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1901 Basket of Wild Flowers Royal Collection, لندن, برطانیہ
1901 Gatchina Palace House of Fabergé - Gatchina Palace Egg - Walters 44500 - Open View B.jpg Walters Art Museum, بالٹیمور، میری لینڈ, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1902 Clover Leaf Cloveregg2.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1902 Empire Nephrite LOST
1903 Peter the Great Peterthegreategg.JPG Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, رچمنڈ، ورجینیا, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1903 Royal Danish Danish Jubilee Egg.jpg LOST
1904 کوئی انڈے نہیں بنائے گئے
1905 کوئی انڈے نہیں بنائے گئے
1906 Moscow Kremlin Moscow Kremlin Egg.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1906 Swan Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1907 Rose Trellis House of Fabergé - Rose Trellis Egg - Walters 44501.jpg Walters Art Museum, بالٹیمور، میری لینڈ، USA
1907 Love Trophies (also known as the 'Cradle with Garlands' egg) Private Collection
1908 Alexander Palace Alexanderpalace egg 01 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1908 Peacock Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, سویٹزرلینڈ
1909 Standart Yacht Standard yacht (Faberge egg) 02 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1909 Alexander III Commemorative Alexander Egg.jpg LOST
1910 Colonnade Royal Collection, لندن, برطانیہ
1910 Alexander III Equestrian Alexander III Equestrian Faberge egg 03 by shakko.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1911 Fifteenth Anniversary وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1911 Bay Tree Bay tree egg.jpg [18] وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1912 Czarevich or Tsarevich Tsarevich (Fabergé egg) and surprise.jpg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, رچمنڈ، ورجینیا، USA
1912 Napoleonic Napoleonic (Fabergé egg).jpg Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation. Displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, نیویارک, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1913 Romanov Tercentenary Romanov Tercentenary Egg-2.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1913 Winter The State of Qatar
1914 Mosaic Royal Collection, لندن, برطانیہ
1914 Grisaille (also known as the Catherine the Great Egg) Catherine the Great (Fabergé egg).jpg [19][20] Hillwood Museum, واشنگٹن ڈی سی, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1915 Red Cross with Triptych Cleveland Museum of Art, کلیولینڈ، اوہائیو, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1915 Red Cross with Imperial Portraits Red Cross with Imperial Portraits (Fabergé egg)-crop.jpg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, رچمنڈ، ورجینیا, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
1916 Steel Military Faberge Steel Military.jpg Kremlin Armoury, ماسکو, روس
1916 Order of St. George Fabergé egg Rome 06.JPG [21][22][23]نقص حوالہ: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag [24][25] وکٹر ویکسلبرگ
1917 Karelian Birch [26] Alexander Ivanov. Displayed at Ivanov's Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden, Germany.
1917 Constellation (unfinished) Constellation Faberge egg 01 by shakko.jpg [27] Fersman Mineralogical Museum, ماسکو or the Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden.

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. Faberge Egg, In Classic Style, History, Easter Egg, James Bond | In Classic Style
  2. The Fabergé Imperial Easter Eggs,by Fabergé, Skurlov, Proler, London, 1997, page 90. ISBN 0-903432-48-X
  3. Also known as the Jeweled Hen Egg, it was the first in a series of 54 jeweled eggs made for the Russian Imperial family under Peter Carl Fabergé's supervision. It was delivered to Tsar Alexander III in 1885. The tsarina and the tsar enjoyed the egg so much that Alexander III ordered a new egg from Fabergé for his wife every Easter thereafter.
  4. Also known as the Egg with Hen in Basket, it was made in 1886 for Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna.
  5. A jewelled and ridged yellow gold Egg with Vacheron & Constantin watch stands on its original tripod pedestal, which has chased lion paw feet and is encircled by coloured gold garlands suspended from cabochon blue sapphires topped with rose diamond set bows. In 2014, it was purchased by London-based jeweler Wartski on behalf of an unidentified private collector.
  6. Anita Singh (18 March 2014)۔ "The £20m Fabergé egg that was almost sold for scrap"۔ The Telegraph۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 19 March 2014۔ 
  7. Also known as the Angel with Egg in Chariot, crafted and delivered in 1888 to Alexander III. This is one of the lost Imperial eggs, so few details are known about it.
  8. Crafted and delivered to Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, Maria Feodorovna, on Easter 1889.
  9. Crafted and delivered to Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, Maria Feodorovna, on Easter 1890. || Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation and housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, New York.
  10. Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation. Displayed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, New York.
  11. Before March 2014 mistaken for the third imperial egg
  12. Also known as Revolving Miniatures Egg
  13. Also known as the Alexander III Portraits Egg.
  14. Hillwood Museum have identified the twelve monograms Egg previously dated to 1895 as the Alexander III portraits egg of 1896, http://artdaily.com/index_iphone.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=69441#.U00JNu29LCQ
  15. Surprise is missing.
  16. Only the Egg's surprise has survived.
  17. Made under the supervision of the Russian jeweler Peter Carl Fabergé in 1898 by Fabergé ateliers. The supervising goldsmith was Michael Perchin. The egg is one of two in Art Nouveau style. It was presented on April 5 to Tsar Nicholas II, and was used as a gift to the tsaritsa, Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna.
  18. Also known as the Orange tree egg
  19. The egg was made by Henrik Wigström, "Fabergé's last head workmaster". It was given to Maria Fedrovna by her son Nicholas II. Its surprise (now lost) was "a mechanical sedan chair, carried by two blackamoors, with Catherine the Great seated inside".
  20. Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens - The Catherine the Great Egg
  21. Made during پہلی جنگ عظیم, the Order of St. George egg commemorates the Order of St. George that was awarded to Emperor Nicholas and his son, the Grand Duke Alexei Nikolaievich.
  22. The Order of St. George egg and its counterpart the Steel Military egg were given a modest design in keeping with the austerity of پہلی جنگ عظیم,
  23. ""Mieks Fabergé"۔ August 2013۔ 
  24. The Order of St. George egg left روسی سوویت وفاقی اشتراکی جمہوریہ with its original recipient, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna.
  25. "Faberge"۔ Treasures of Imperial Russia۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 2012-03-26۔ 
  26. Created in 1917, the egg was due to be completed and delivered to the tsar that Easter, as a present for his mother, the Empress Maria Feodorovna. But before the egg could be delivered, the February Revolution took place and Nicholas II was forced to abdicate on March 15. On April 25, Fabergé sent the Tsar an invoice for the egg, addressing Nicholas II not as "Tsar of all the Russians" but as "Mr. Romanov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich". Nicholas paid 12,500 rubles and the egg was sent to Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich at his palace, for presentation to the empress, but the duke fled before it arrived. The egg remained in the palace until it was looted in the wake of the October Revolution later that year
  27. Because of the Russian Revolution of 1917, this egg was never finished or presented to Tsar Nicholas's wife, the Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorovna. Two eggs have claims to be the Constellation egg: one held at Fersman Mineralogical Museum in Moscow and the other in the possession of Alexander Ivanov and displayed at Ivanov's Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden, Germany.