گجراتی لوگ

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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Gujaratis
ગુજરાત
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کل آبادی
c. 60 million
گنجان آبادی والے علاقے
Flag of India.svg بھارت 46,000,000[1]
Flag of the United States.svg ریاستہائے متحدہ 287,367[2]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg مملکت متحدہ 815,000
Flag of Canada.svg کینیڈا 118,950[3]
Flag of Kenya.svg کینیا 182,000[4]
Flag of Tanzania.svg تنزانیہ 250,000[5]
Flag of Portugal.svg پرتگال 30,000[6]
Flag of Oman.svg سلطنت عمان 34,900[7]
زبانیں
Gujarati, Hindi, English, Kutchi
مذہب
Predominantly ہندومت, minorities of جین مت, مسیحیت, اسلام, یہودیت and زرتشتیت
متعلقہ نسلی گروہ
Indo-Aryan peoples

گجراتی لوگ ایک قوم ہے جو ہند آریائی نسل سے تعلق رکھتی ہے۔ ثقافتی طور پر یہ لوگ گجراتی زبان بولتے ہیں۔ ان لوگوں کو آبائی وطن بھارت کا گجرات صوبہ ہے۔ گجراتی قومیت رکھنے والے معروف لوگوں میں بانی پاکستان محمد علی جناح، موہن داس گاندھی اور 2014ء میں بر سر اقتدار ہونے والے بھارت کے وزیر اعظم نریندر مودی شامل ہیں۔

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. The World Factbook (2014 estimate). SIL Ethnologue cites 46 million native speakers of Gujarati.
  2. "Gujarati only regional language in US census"۔ The Times of India۔ Sep 3, 2010۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 February 2015۔ "The famous Gujarati poet Ardeshir F Khabardar wrote, 'Jya vase ek Gujarati tyan sada kal Gujarat' (Where there is even one Gujarati, there is a Gujarat forever)..... Census data released earlier this year by the US vindicates the aphorism. The census reveals that the number of Gujarati-speaking people in the US is steadily rising, and the figure now stands at 287,367." 
  3. "NHS Profile, Canada, 2011, Census Data"۔ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 February 2015۔ 
  4. Raymond Brady Williams (2001)۔ An Introduction to Swaminarayan Hinduism۔ University Press, Cambridge۔ صفحہ 208۔ آئی ایس بی این 0-521-65279-0۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 5 February 2015۔ "Temple building is a sign of the growth in numbers and the increased prosperity of the Gujarati immigrants...The two decades between 1950 and 1969 were a heady period of success for the Gujaratis of East Africa... Michael Lyon observed that the Gujaratis acquired a new role in the colonial economics of East Africa, and ultimately a tragic one. They became a privileged racial estate under British protection. The Indian population in Kenya increased from 43,625 in 1931 to 176,613 in 1962... More than 80 percent were Gujaratis." 
  5. "Gujarati: A language of India"۔ Ethnologue: Languages of the World۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 5 February 2015۔ 
  6. Rita d'Ávila Cachado۔ "Samosas And Saris:Informal Economies In The Informal City Among Portuguese Hindu Families"۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 4 February 2015۔ "The Hindus in Great Lisbon have similarities with Hindus in the United Kingdom: they are mostly from a Gujarati background and migrated from ex-colonial countries. Yet the colonial system they came from was mostly Portuguese, both in India and in East Africa... Nevertheless, a realistic estimate is that there are about 30,000 Hindus in Portugal. That includes Hindu-Gujaratis, who migrated in the early 1980s, as well as Hindu migrants from all parts of India and Bangladesh, who migrated in the late 1990s." 
  7. Bharat Yagnik۔ "Oman was Gujaratis' first stop in their world sweep"۔ The Times of India۔ اخذ کردہ بتاریخ 5 February 2015۔ "Oman's capital Muscat was the first home for Gujarati traders away from the subcontinent. The Bhatia community from Kutch was the first among all Gujaratis to settle overseas — relocating to Muscat as early as 1507! The Bhatias' settlement in the Gulf is emphasized by Hindu places of worship, seen there since the 16th century. As historian Makrand Mehta asserts, "Business and culture go together.""