فہرست عناصر

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
:چھلانگ بطرف رہنمائی، تلاش

یہ عناصر کی فہرست ہے۔ جس میں عناصر تحت عدد بھی دئیے گئے ہیں۔
This list of the elements and their properties is intended as a quick reference. Please check additional sources for discussions of uncertainties in individual properties, notably atomic weights. Where possible, data is sourced from IUPAC.

Chemical series legend[ترمیم]

دوری جدول کے عنصری زمرہ جات

دھاتیں دھاتینات غیردھاتیں (نامعلوم)
القالی دھاتیں القالی ارض دھاتیں داخلی منتقلی عناصر منتقلی عناصر دیگر دھاتیں دیگر غیردھاتیں Halogens نبیل فارغین
Lanthanides ضودادین

Guide to units[ترمیم]

The table[ترمیم]

Z
Sym
Name
Weight
Density
Melt
Boil
Heat
Fuse
Vapo
Ther
Elec
Neg
1 H Hydrogen 1.007947 0.00008988 14.175 20.28 14.304 - - - - 2.2
2 He Helium 4.0026022 0.0001785 - 4.22 5.193 - - - - -
3 Li Lithium 6.9412 0.534 453.85 1615 3.582 - - - - 0.98
4 Be Beryllium 9.0121823 1.85 1560.15 2742 1.825 - - - - 1.57
5 B Boron 10.8117 2.34 2573.15 4200 1.026 - - - - 2.04
6 C Carbon 12.01078 2.267 3948.15 4300 0.709 - - - - 2.55
7 N Nitrogen 14.00672 0.0012506 63.29 77.36 1.04 - - - - 3.04
8 O Oxygen 15.99943 0.001429 50.5 90.2 0.918 - - - - 3.44
9 F Fluorine 18.99840325 0.001696 53.63 85.03 0.824 - - - - 3.98
10 Ne Neon 20.17976 0.0008999 24.703 27.07 1.03 - - - - -
11 Na Sodium 22.989769282 0.971 371.15 1156 1.228 - - - - 0.93
12 Mg Magnesium 24.30506 1.738 923.15 1363 1.023 - - - - 1.31
13 Al Aluminium 26.98153868 2.698 933.4 2792 0.897 - - - - 1.61
14 Si Silicon 28.08553 2.3296 1683.15 3538 0.705 - - - - 1.9
15 P Phosphorus 30.9737622 1.82 317.25 553 0.769 - - - - 2.19
16 S Sulfur 32.0655 2.067 388.51 717.8 0.71 - - - - 2.58
17 Cl Chlorine 35.4532 0.003214 172.31 239.11 0.479 - - - - 3.16
18 Ar Argon 39.9481 0.0017837 83.96 87.3 0.52 - - - - -
19 K Potassium 39.09831 0.862 336.5 1032 0.757 - - - - 0.82
20 Ca Calcium 40.0784 1.54 1112.15 1757 0.647 - - - - 1
21 Sc اسکینصر 44.9559126 2.989 1812.15 3109 0.568 - - - - 1.36
22 Ti Titanium 47.8671 4.54 1933.15 3560 0.523 - - - - 1.54
23 V Vanadium 50.94151 6.11 2175.15 3680 0.489 - - - - 1.63
24 Cr Chromium 51.99616 7.15 2130.15 2944 0.449 - - - - 1.66
25 Mn Manganese 54.9380455 7.44 1519.15 2334 0.479 - - - - 1.55
26 Fe Iron 55.8452 7.874 1808.15 3134 0.449 - - - - 1.83
27 Co Cobalt 58.9331955 8.86 1768.15 3200 0.421 - - - - 1.88
28 Ni Nickel 58.69344 8.912 1726.15 3186 0.444 - - - - 1.91
29 Cu Copper 63.5463 8.96 1357.75 2835 0.385 - - - - 1.9
30 Zn Zinc 65.382 7.134 692.88 1180 0.388 - - - - 1.65
31 Ga Gallium 69.7231 5.907 302.91 2477 0.371 - - - - 1.81
32 Ge Germanium 72.641 5.323 1211.45 3106 0.32 - - - - 2.01
33 As Arsenic 74.921602 5.776 1090.15 887 0.329 - - - - 2.18
34 Se Selenium 78.963 4.809 494.15 958 0.321 - - - - 2.55
35 Br Bromine 79.9041 3.122 266.05 332 0.474 - - - - 2.96
36 Kr Krypton 83.7982 0.003733 115.93 119.93 0.248 - - - - 3
37 Rb Rubidium 85.46783 1.532 312.79 961 0.363 - - - - 0.82
38 Sr Strontium 87.621 2.64 1042.15 1655 0.301 - - - - 0.95
39 Y Yttrium 88.905852 4.469 1799.15 3609 0.298 - - - - 1.22
40 Zr Zirconium 91.2242 6.506 2125.15 4682 0.278 - - - - 1.33
41 Nb Niobium 92.906382 8.57 2741.15 5017 0.265 - - - - 1.6
42 Mo Molybdenum 95.962 10.22 2890.15 4912 0.251 - - - - 2.16
43 Tc Technetium 98.9063 11.5 2473.15 5150 - - - - - 1.9
44 Ru Ruthenium 101.072 12.37 2523.15 4423 0.238 - - - - 2.2
45 Rh Rhodium 102.905502 12.41 2239.15 3968 0.243 - - - - 2.28
46 Pd Palladium 106.421 12.02 1825.15 3236 0.244 - - - - 2.2
47 Ag Silver 107.86822 10.501 1234.15 2435 0.235 - - - - 1.93
48 Cd Cadmium 112.4118 8.69 594.33 1040 0.232 - - - - 1.69
49 In Indium 114.8183 7.31 429.91 2345 0.233 - - - - 1.78
50 Sn Tin 118.7107 7.287 505.21 2875 0.228 - - - - 1.96
51 Sb Antimony 121.7601 6.685 904.05 1860 0.207 - - - - 2.05
52 Te Tellurium 127.603 6.232 722.8 1261 0.202 - - - - 2.1
53 I Iodine 126.904473 4.93 386.65 457.4 0.214 - - - - 2.66
54 Xe Xenon 131.2936 0.005887 161.45 165.03 0.158 - - - - 2.6
55 Cs Caesium 132.90545192 1.873 301.7 944 0.242 - - - - 0.79
56 Ba Barium 137.3277 3.594 1002.15 2170 0.204 - - - - 0.89
57 La Lanthanum 138.905477 6.145 1193.15 3737 0.195 - - - - 1.1
58 Ce Cerium 140.1161 6.77 1071.15 3716 0.192 - - - - 1.12
59 Pr Praseodymium 140.907652 6.773 1204.15 3793 0.193 - - - - 1.13
60 Nd Neodymium 144.2423 7.007 1289.15 3347 0.19 - - - - 1.14
61 Pm Promethium 146.9151 7.26 1204.15 3273 - - - - - -
62 Sm Samarium 150.362 7.52 1345.15 2067 0.197 - - - - 1.17
63 Eu Europium 151.9641 5.243 1095.15 1802 0.182 - - - - -
64 Gd Gadolinium 157.253 7.895 1585.15 3546 0.236 - - - - 1.2
65 Tb Terbium 158.925352 8.229 1630.15 3503 0.182 - - - - -
66 Dy Dysprosium 162.5001 8.55 1680.15 2840 0.17 - - - - 1.22
67 Ho Holmium 164.930322 8.795 1743.15 2993 0.165 - - - - 1.23
68 Er Erbium 167.2593 9.066 1795.15 3503 0.168 - - - - 1.24
69 Tm Thulium 168.934212 9.321 1818.15 2223 0.16 - - - - 1.25
70 Yb Ytterbium 173.0545 6.965 1097.15 1469 0.155 - - - - -
71 Lu Lutetium 174.96681 9.84 1936.15 3675 0.154 - - - - 1.27
72 Hf Hafnium 178.492 13.31 2500.15 4876 0.144 - - - - 1.3
73 Ta Tantalum 180.94791 16.654 3269.15 5731 0.14 - - - - 1.5
74 W Tungsten 183.841 19.25 3680.15 5828 0.132 - - - - 2.36
75 Re Rhenium 186.2071 21.02 3453.15 5869 0.137 - - - - 1.9
76 Os Osmium 190.233 22.61 3300.15 5285 0.13 - - - - 2.2
77 Ir Iridium 192.2173 22.56 2716.15 4701 0.131 - - - - 2.2
78 Pt Platinum 195.0849 21.46 2045.15 4098 0.133 - - - - 2.28
79 Au Gold 196.9665694 19.282 1337.73 3129 0.129 - - - - 2.54
80 Hg Mercury 200.592 13.5336 234.43 630 0.14 - - - - 2
81 Tl Thallium 204.38332 11.85 577.15 1746 0.129 - - - - 1.62
82 Pb Lead 207.21 11.342 600.75 2022 0.129 - - - - 2.33
83 Bi Bismuth 208.980401 9.807 544.67 1837 0.122 - - - - 2.02
84 Po Polonium 208.9824 9.32 527.15 1235 - - - - - 2
85 At Astatine 209.9871 7 575.15 610 - - - - 2.2
86 Rn Radon 222.0176 0.00973 202.15 211.3 0.094 - - - - -
87 Fr Francium 223.0197 1.87 300.15 950 - - - - - 0.7
88 Ra Radium 226.0254 5.5 973.15 2010 - - - - 0.9
89 Ac Actinium 227.0278 10.07 1323.15 3471 0.12 - - - - 1.1
90 Th Thorium 232.038062 11.72 2028.15 5061 0.113 - - - - 1.3
91 Pa Protactinium 231.035882 15.37 1873.15 4300 - - - - - 1.5
92 U Uranium 238.028913 18.95 1405.15 4404 0.116 - - - - 1.38
93 Np Neptunium 237.0482 20.45 913.15 4273 - - - - - 1.36
94 Pu Plutonium 244.0642 19.84 913.15 3501 - - - - - 1.28
95 Am Americium 243.0614 13.69 1267.15 2880 - - - - - 1.3
96 Cm Curium 247.0704 13.51 1340.15 3383 - - - - - 1.3
97 Bk Berkelium 247.0703 14.79 1259.15 983 - - - - - 1.3
98 Cf Californium 251.0796 15.1 1925.15 1173 - - - - - 1.3
99 Es Einsteinium 252.0829 13.5 1133.15 - - - - - - 1.3
100 Fm Fermium 257.0951 - - - - - - - - 1.3
101 Md Mendelevium 258.0986 - - - - - - - - 1.3
102 No Nobelium 259.1009 - - - - - - - - 1.3
103 Lr Lawrencium 264 9.84 - - - - - - - -
104 Rf Rutherfordium 265 18.1 - - - - - - - -
105 Db Dubnium 268 39 - - - - - - - -
106 Sg Seaborgium 272 35 - - - - - - - -
107 Bh Bohrium 273 37 - - - - - - - -
108 Hs Hassium 276 41 - - - - - - - -
109 Mt Meitnerium 279 35 - - - - - - - -
110 Ds Darmstadtium 278 21.46 - - - - - - - -
111 Rg Roentgenium 283 19.282 - - - - - - - -
112 Cn Copernicium 285 13.5336 - - - - - - - -
113 Uut Ununtrium 287 11.85 - - - - - - - -
114 Uuq Ununquadium 289 11.342 - - - - - - - -
115 Uup Ununpentium 291 9.807 - - - - - - - -
116 Uuh Ununhexium 293 9.32 - - - - - - - -
118 Uuo Ununoctium 294 - - - - - - - - -

مزید دیکھیئے[ترمیم]


See also[ترمیم]

سانچہ:PeriodicTablesFooter