فہرست چین کی ذیلی قومی اکائیوں کے موجودہ اور سابقہ دارالحکومت

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یہ فہرست چین کی ذیلی قومی اکائیوں کے موجودہ اور سابقہ دار الحکومت (List of current and former capitals of subdivisions of China) ہے۔

قومی اکائیاں 1279ء سے[ترمیم]

حکومت دور
یوآن خاندان 1271—1368
منگ خاندان 1368—1644
چنگ خاندان 1616—1912
تائیوان 1912—1949
چین 1949—تاحال
صوبہ (یا مساوی) دار الحکومت دور تبصرے
انہوئی [1]
نا قابل اطلاق 1366—1644 [2]
نا قابل اطلاق 1645—1661 [3]
نانجنگ 1661—1760 [4]
انچنگ 1760—1853
ہیفئی 1853—1862 [5]
انچنگ 1862—1946
ہیفئی 1946—1949
ہیفئی (شمالی) 1949—1952 [6]
ووہو (جنوبی)
ہیفئی 1952—تاحال
فوجیان فوژو, چوانژو 1278—1299 [7]
نا قابل اطلاق 1299—1356 [8]
فوژو 1356—تاحال
گانسو ژانگیے 1286—1368
نا قابل اطلاق 1368—1667 [9]
لانژو 1667—تاحال [10]
گوانگڈونگ [11]
گوانگژو 1369—تاحال
گوانگشی [12]
گوئلن 1364—1912 [13]
نانینگ 1912—1936
گوئلن 1936—1950
نانینگ 1950—تاحال [14]
گوئیژو [15]
گوئیانگ 1413—تاحال
ہائنان [16]
ہائکو 1949—1950 [17]
نا قابل اطلاق 1950—1988 [18]
ہائکو 1988—تاحال
ہیبئی [19]
بیجنگ 1369—1421 [20]
نا قابل اطلاق 1421—1669 [21]
باوڈنگ 1669—1902 [22]
تیانجن 1902—1928
بیجنگ 1928—1930
تیانجن 1930—1935
باوڈنگ 1935—1958
تیانجن 1958—1968
شیجیاژوانگ 1968—تاحال
ہیلونگجیانگ نا قابل اطلاق 1264—1368 [23]
[24]
آئگون 1683—1690 [25]
نینجیانگ 1690—1699
چیچیہار 1699—1907
چیچیہار 1907—1931
نا قابل اطلاق 1931—1945 [26]
بیئآن 1945—1949 [27]
جیاموسی [28]
چیچیہار [29]
مودانجیانگ [30]
چیچیہار 1949—1954 [31]
ہاربن [32]
ہاربن 1954—تاحال [33]
ہینان [34]
کائفینگ 1291—1954 [35]
ژینگژو 1954—تاحال
ہوبئی نا قابل اطلاق 1277—1664 [36]
ووچانگ 1664—1927
ووہان 1927—تاحال [37]
ہونان نا قابل اطلاق 1277—1664 [36]
چانگشا 1664—تاحال
اندرونی منگولیا [38]
اولان ہوت 1947—1950 [39]
ہوہوٹ 1950—تاحال
جیانگسو [40]
نا قابل اطلاق 1366—1644 [2]
نا قابل اطلاق 1645—1661 [3]
سوژوو 1661—1912?
نانجنگ 1912?—1928
ژینجیانگ 1928—1949
یانگژو (شمالی) 1949—1952 [41]
ووشی (جنوبی)
نانجنگ 1952—تاحال
جیانگشی نانچانگ 1277—تاحال [13]
جیلن نا قابل اطلاق 1264—1368 [23]
[24]
نینگآن 1662—1757 [42]
جیلن شہر 1757—1907
جیلن شہر 1907—1931
نا قابل اطلاق 1931—1945 [26]
جیلن شہر 1945—1954
چانگچون 1954—تاحال
لیاؤننگ نا قابل اطلاق 1264—1368 [23]
[43]
شینیانگ 1662—1907 [44]
شینیانگ 1907—1931 [45]
نا قابل اطلاق 1931—1945 [26]
شینیانگ 1945—1949 [46]
تونگہوا [47]
لیاویوان [48]
جنژوو 1949—1954 [49]
داندونگ [50]
شینیانگ 1954—تاحال
نینگشیا [51]
ینچوان 1928—1954 [52]
نا قابل اطلاق 1954—1958 [53]
ینچوان 1958—تاحال [54]
چنگھائی [55]
شینینگ 1928—تاحال
شانسی شیان 1286—تاحال [56]
شانڈونگ [57]
چینگژوو 1357?—1377?
جینان 1377?—تاحال
شنسی [58]
تاییوان 1369—تاحال
سیچوان چینگدو 1286—1287 [59]
چونگ چنگ 1287—1289
چینگدو 1289—1949
نانچونگ (شمالی) 1949—1952 [60]
لوژوو (جنوبی)
چونگ چنگ (مشرقی)
چینگدو (مغربی)
چینگدو 1952—تاحال
صوبہ تائیوان نا قابل اطلاق 1683—1887 [61]
تاینان 1887—1895
تائپے 1949—تاحال
تبت [62]
لہاسا (1720's)—تاحال [63]
سنکیانگ [64]
یینینگ شہر 1762—1888 [65]
ارومچی 1884—تاحال [66]
یوننان کونمینگ 1275—تاحال
ژجیانگ نا قابل اطلاق 1289—1367 [67]
ہانگژو 1367—تاحال
Chahar [68]
ژانگجیاکوو 1914—1937 [69]
نا قابل اطلاق 1937—1945 [70]
ژانگجیاکوو 1945—1952 [71]
Huainanjiangbei تیانچانگ 1354—1364? [72]
Huguang چانگشا 1277—1281
Wuchang 1281—1664 [73]
Jiangnan نانجنگ 1645—1661 [74]
Jiangzhe ہانگژو 1289—1367? [75]
Jiaodong Laiyang 1364—1368? [76]
Liaoyang لیاویانگ 1264—1368? [77]
Pingyuan شنشیانگ 1949—1952 [78]
Rehe [68]
چینگدے 1914—1933 [79]
نا قابل اطلاق 1933—1945 [26]
چینگدے 1945—1955 [80]
Suiyuan [68]
ہوہوٹ 1914—1937 [81]
نا قابل اطلاق 1937—1945 [70]
ہوہوٹ 1945—1954 [82]
Xikang کانگدنگ 1914—1950 [83]
یآن 1950—1955
Xing'an Hailar 1945—1947? [84]
Zhili; Beizhili; Nanzhili [85]

مزید دیکھیے[ترمیم]

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. During the Yuan Dynasty, modern Anhui was split between the Secretariat (中書省) of the central government, the province of Jianghuai, and (from 1291) the province of Henanjiangbei.
  2. ^ ا ب As part of Zhili up to 1421; as part of Nanzhili after 1421. Administered directly by the central government, instead of a province.
  3. ^ ا ب Part of Jiangnan Province, formed out of former Nanzhili in 1645. Split into Jiangsu and Anhui in 1661.
  4. Nanjing is now the capital of neighbouring جیانگسو.
  5. During the Taiping Rebellion.
  6. As North Anhui and South Anhui administrative regions.
  7. Between 1278 and 1299, separate provinces in the Fujian area were repeatedly split out and remerged back into Jiangzhe Province.
  8. Part of Jiangzhe Province until Fujian Province was split out of it.
  9. Part of شانسی Province.
  10. Gansu was called Gongchang 1667—1670.
  11. Before 1369, modern Guangdong was split between the provinces of Jiangxi, Huguang, and (from 1364) Guangxi.
  12. Mostly found within Huguang Province before 1364.
  13. ^ ا ب Included parts of modern Guangdong until 1369.
  14. Guangxi Province became Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 1958.
  15. Mostly found within the provinces of Huguang, Sichuan, and Yunnan before 1413.
  16. Part of Guangxi before 1369; part of Guangdong after 1369.
  17. As Hainan Special Administrative Region.
  18. Part of گوانگڈونگ Province.
  19. Administered by the Secretariat (中書省) of the central government before 1368. Briefly split between Henan and Shandong provinces, 1368—1369.
  20. As Beiping Province.
  21. As Beizhili up to 1645; as Zhili after 1645. Administered directly by the central government, instead of a province.
  22. As Zhili province.
  23. ^ ا ب پ Part of Liaoyang Province. "Liaoyang" was the final name of the province after several changes between 1264—1287.
  24. ^ ا ب Mongols, Manchus, and Ming China military garrisons in the area during the Ming Dynasty.
  25. Area of control of the General of Heilongjiang. Became Heilongjiang Province in 1907.
  26. ^ ا ب پ ت Part of Manchukuo.
  27. As Heilongjiang Province (northwestern part of modern Heilongjiang)
  28. As Hejiang Province (northeastern part of modern Heilongjiang)
  29. As Nenjiang Province (southwestern part of modern Heilongjiang)
  30. As Songjiang Province (southeastern part of modern Heilongjiang)
  31. As Heilongjiang Province (western part of modern Heilongjiang)
  32. As Songjiang Province (eastern part of modern Heilongjiang)
  33. New Heilongjiang formed from Songjiang + old Heilongjiang in 1954
  34. Administered by the Secretariat (中書省) of the central government for the most part before 1291.
  35. Initially as Henanjiangbei Province, which included parts of modern Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei provinces. Given approximately modern borders and modern name in 1368.
  36. ^ ا ب Part of Huguang Province.
  37. Wuhan is the amalgamation of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang.
  38. See the history section of اندرونی منگولیا for the administrative entities of that region before 1947.
  39. As Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
  40. Before 1356, modern Jiangsu was split between the Secretariat (中書省) of the central government, the province of Jianghuai, (from 1291) the province of Henanjiangbei, and (from 1354) the province of Huainanjiangbei.
  41. As North Jiangsu and South Jiangsu administrative regions.
  42. Area of control of the General of Ningguta (up to 1757) or the General of Jilin (from 1757). Became Jilin Province in 1907.
  43. Partially under Shandong province during the Ming Dynasty, until Manchu conquest c. 1618.
  44. Area of control of the General of Shengjing. Became Fengtian Province in 1907.
  45. Fengtian Province from 1907 to 1929; Liaoning Province from 1929 onwards.
  46. As Liaoning Province (central part of modern Liaoning)
  47. As Andong Province (eastern part of modern Liaoning; southern part of modern Jilin)
  48. As Liaobei Province (northern part of modern Liaoning; western part of modern Jilin)
  49. As Liaoxi Province (western part of modern Liaoning)
  50. As Liaodong Province (eastern part of modern Liaoning; southern part of modern Jilin). Dandong was then known as "Andong"
  51. Mostly part of Gansu Province (up to c. 1370); part of Shaanxi Province (up to 1667); part of Gansu Province (1667 onwards)
  52. Ningxia Province split out of Gansu in 1928.
  53. Part of گانسو Province.
  54. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region split out of Gansu in 1958.
  55. Historically Oyirad Mongols in the north, Amdo and Kham Tibetans in the south. Overseen by commissioner stationed at شینینگ (then part of گانسو Province) during چنگ خاندان, early تائیوان (up to 1928).
  56. From 1260 to 1286, Shaanxi Province (and in some cases, a combined Shaanxi-Sichuan Province) was established and disbanded several times.
  57. Administered by the Secretariat (中書省) of the central government before c. 1357.
  58. Administered by the Secretariat (中書省) of the central government before 1368.
  59. From 1260 to 1286, Sichuan Province (and in some cases, a combined Shaanxi-Sichuan Province) was established and disbanded several times.
  60. As North Sichuan, South Sichuan, East Sichuan and West Sichuan administrative regions.
  61. Part of فوجیان Province.
  62. Part of یوآن خاندان up to fourteenth century; struggle between Sakyapa, Kagyüpa, later Gelukpa schools of Tibetan Buddhism up to seventeenth century, when Gelukpa becomes dominant.
  63. The دلائی لاماs (Gelukpa school) ruled over Ü-Tsang (or more) from Lhasa from 1642 onwards. Qing China began to assert control over Tibet in the 1720s until its fall in 1912; from 1912 to 1951 Tibet was self-ruling but recognized internationally as a part of China. Planning Committee for تبت خود مختار علاقہ (TAR) from 1955 to 1965; TAR established in 1965.
  64. Ruled by خانیت چغتائی from thirteenth to fifteenth century; fragmented until eighteenth century when Qing China conquered the region. See History section of سنکیانگ.
  65. General of Ili, based in Yining, held administrative powers until 1888; central control lapsed during Yakub Beg's revolt from 1865, until his forces were defeated in 1881.
  66. Xinjiang Province until 1955; Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region from 1955.
  67. Part of Jiangzhe Province.
  68. ^ ا ب پ See اندرونی منگولیا for history before 1914.
  69. Chahar Special Administrative Region until 1928; province from 1928.
  70. ^ ا ب Part of Mengjiang.
  71. Disbanded in 1952, distributed into Hebei Province, Shanxi Province.
  72. Established out of Henanjiangbei; disappeared with end of Yuan Dynasty (c. 1368). Found mainly in modern Jiangsu province.
  73. Split into Hubei and Hunan provinces in 1664
  74. Converted from the directly administered Nanzhili region in 1645; split into Jiangsu and Anhui provinces in 1661. See also remarks at Jiangsu, Anhui entries.
  75. A province was established in the region in 1276; its seat was moved around and it was renamed several times, until settling upon Jiangzhe Province with seat at Hangzhou in 1289. Split into Zhejiang, Fujian Provinces by Ming Dynasty.
  76. Established in the جزیرہ نما شانڈونگ; does not appear to have outlasted the end of the Yuan Dynasty.
  77. "Liaoyang" was the final name of the province after several changes between 1264—1287. Lasted until the end of Yuan Dynasty (c. 1368); found today mostly in لیاؤننگ, جیلن, ہیلونگجیانگ.
  78. Split out of Hebei, Shandong, Henan provinces in 1949; distributed into Henan, Shandong provinces in 1952.
  79. Rehe Special Administrative Region until 1928; province from 1928.
  80. Disbanded in 1955, distributed into Hebei Province, Liaoning Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
  81. Suiyuan Special Administrative Region until 1928; province from 1928.
  82. Merged into Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in 1954.
  83. Chuanbian Special Region created in 1914, from western Sichuan and territory formerly ruled from Lhasa; it is roughly equivalent to southern Kham and southern Amdo. Converted into Xikang Province established in 1939; merged into Sichuan province in 1955. See also remarks at entries for Tibet, Sichuan.
  84. After the end of Manchukuo at the end of World War II, Xing'an Province was created from the northwestern part of Manchuria, which was administered by Heilongjiang province before the war. The region was superseded by اندرونی منگولیا Autonomous Region.
  85. Regions directly administered by the central government, not part of any province. "Zhili" (modern Jiangsu and Anhui) from 1366 to 1421; "Beizhili" (modern Hebei) and "Nanzhili" (modern Jiangsu, Anhui) from 1421 to 1645; "Zhili" (modern Hebei) from 1645 to 1669. Name kept for "Zhili Province" (modern Hebei) from 1669 to 1927. See also remarks at Hebei, Jiangsu, Anhui entries.

مزید دیکھیے[ترمیم]