عہد نامہ قدیم کی کتب

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
یہاں جائیں: رہنمائی، تلاش کریں

عہد نامہ قدیم کی کتب سے مراد وہ تمام کتابیں اور صحائف ہیں جو عہد نامہ قدیم شامل ہیں۔ عہد نامہ قدیم میں حضرت عیسیٰ علیہ السلام سے پہلے کی وہ کتب جو مختلف انبیاء سے منسوب ہیں اور عہد نامہ جدید، میں انجیل اور حواریوں اور سینٹ پال سے منسوب خطوط وغیرہ ہیں۔

کتب عبرانی عہد نامہ قدیم[ترمیم]

Empty table cells indicate that a book is absent from that canon.

تنک
(یہودی بائبل)
(24 کتابیں)[1]
Books in bold are part of the کتبیم
پروٹسٹنٹ
عہد نامہ قدیم
(39 کتابیں)
کیتھولک
عہد نامہ قدیم
(46 کتابیں)
راسخُ الا عتقاد کلیسا
Old Testament
(51 books)
Original language
تورات
Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses
Bereishit Genesis Genesis Genesis عبرانی
Shemot Exodus Exodus Exodus عبرانی
Vayikra Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus عبرانی
Bamidbar Numbers Numbers Numbers عبرانی
Devarim Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy عبرانی
نبییم (Prophets)
Yehoshua Joshua Joshua (Josue) Joshua (Iesous) عبرانی
Shofetim Judges Judges Judges Hebrew
Rut (Ruth)[2] Ruth Ruth Ruth Hebrew
Shemuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel (1 Kings)[3] 1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
2 Samuel 2 Samuel (2 Kings)[3] 2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
Melakhim 1 Kings 1 Kings (3 Kings)[3] 1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
2 Kings 2 Kings (4 Kings)[3] 2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)[4] Hebrew
Divrei Hayamim (Chronicles)[2] 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles (1 Paralipomenon) 1 Chronicles (1 Paralipomenon) Hebrew
2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles (2 Paralipomenon) 2 Chronicles (2 Paralipomenon) Hebrew
1 ایسدرس Hebrew
Ezra-Nehemiah[2] Ezra Ezra (1 Esdras) Ezra (2 Esdras)[4][5] Hebrew and Aramaic
Nehemiah Nehemiah (2 Esdras) Nehemiah (2 Esdras)[4][5] Hebrew
Tobit (Tobias) Tobit (Tobias) Aramaic (and Hebrew?)
Judith Judith Hebrew
Esther[2] Esther Esther[6] Esther[6] Hebrew
1 Maccabees (1 Machabees)[7] 1 Maccabees Hebrew
2 Maccabees (2 Machabees)[7] 2 Maccabees Greek
3 Maccabees Greek
4 Maccabees[8] Greek
کتبیم (Writings) Wisdom books
Iyov (Job)[2] Job Job Job Hebrew
Tehillim (Psalms)[2] کتاب زبور کتاب زبور کتاب زبور[9] Hebrew
Prayer of Manasseh Greek
Mishlei (Proverbs)[2] Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs Hebrew
Qoheleth (Ecclesiastes)[2] کتاب واعظ کتاب واعظ کتاب واعظ Hebrew
Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs)[2] Song of Solomon Song of Songs (Canticle of Canticles) Song of Songs (Aisma Aismaton) Hebrew
Wisdom Wisdom Greek
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) Sirach Hebrew
نبییم (Latter Prophets) Major prophets
Yeshayahu Isaiah Isaiah (Isaias) Isaiah Hebrew
Yirmeyahu Jeremiah Jeremiah (Jeremias) Jeremiah Hebrew and Aramaic
Eikhah (Lamentations)[2] Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations Hebrew
Baruch[10] Baruch[10] Hebrew[11]
Letter of Jeremiah[12] Greek (majority view)[13]
Yekhezqel Ezekiel Ezekiel (Ezechiel) Ezekiel Hebrew
Daniel[2] Daniel Daniel[14] Daniel[14] Hebrew and Aramaic
Twelve Minor Prophets
The Twelve
or
Trei Asar
Hosea Hosea (Osee) Hosea Hebrew
Joel Joel Joel Hebrew
Amos Amos Amos Hebrew
Obadiah Obadiah (Abdias) Obadiah Hebrew
Jonah Jonah (Jonas) Jonah Hebrew
Micah Micah (Micheas) Micah Hebrew
Nahum Nahum Nahum Hebrew
Habakkuk Habakkuk (Habacuc) Habakkuk Hebrew
Zephaniah Zephaniah (Sophonias) Zephaniah Hebrew
Haggai Haggai (Aggeus) Haggai Hebrew
Zechariah Zechariah (Zacharias) Zechariah Hebrew
Malachi Malachi (Malachias) Malachi Hebrew

Several of the books in the Eastern Orthodox canon are also found in the appendix to the Latin Vulgate, formerly the official Bible of the Roman Catholic Church.

Books in the Appendix to the Vulgate Bible
Name in Vulgate
Name in Eastern Orthodox use
3 Esdras 1 ایسدرس
4 Esdras
Prayer of Manasseh Prayer of Manasseh
Psalm of David when he slew Goliath (Psalm 151) Psalm 151

مزید دیکھیے[ترمیم]

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. The 24 books of the عبرانیBible are the same as the 39 books of the Protestant Old Testament, only divided and ordered differently: the books of the Minor Prophets are in Christian Bibles twelve different books, and in عبرانیBibles, one book called "The Twelve". Likewise, Christian Bibles divide the Books of Kingdoms into four books, either 1-2 Samuel and 1-2 Kings or 1-4 Kings: Jewish Bibles divide these into two books. The Jews likewise keep 1-2 Chronicles/Paralipomenon as one book. Ezra and Nehemiah are likewise combined in the Jewish Bible, as they are in many Orthodox Bibles, instead of divided into two books, as per the Catholic and Protestant tradition.
  2. ^ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 This book is part of the کتبیم, the third section of the Jewish canon. They have a different order in Jewish canon than in Christian canon.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 The books of Samuel and Kings are often called First through Fourth Kings in the Catholic tradition, much like the Orthodox.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Names in parentheses are the Septuagint names and are often used by the Orthodox Christians.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Some Eastern Orthodox churches follow the Septuagint and the Hebrew bibles by considering the books of Ezra and Nehemiah as one book.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 The Latin Vulgate, Douay-Rheims, and Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi; other Catholic translations place them after Esther.
  8. In Greek Bibles, 4 Maccabees is found in the appendix.
  9. Eastern Orthodox churches include Psalm 151 and the Prayer of Manasseh, not present in all canons.
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Bible or the Tanakh.
  11. Britannica 1911
  12. Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
  13. Hebrew (minority view); see Letter of Jeremiah for details.
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Holy Children are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]