معاونت:بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد/شان اور تائی لو

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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The charts below show the way in which the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد represents Shan script and New Tai Lü script pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

حرف صحیحs
IPA Shan New Tai Lü English approximation
b [1] ᦢ,ᦥ abash
d ၻ,ꩨ [1] ᦡ,ᦤ ado
f ᦚ,ᦝ food
ɡ [1] good
h ᦠ,ᦣ head
j ᦊ,ᦍ yak
k ᦂ,ᦅ scan
[2] ᦃ,ᦆ can
l လ,ꩮ ᦜ,ᦟ leaf
m ᦖ,ᦙ much
n ᦐ,ᦓ not
ŋ ᦄ,ᦇ bang
ɲ [1] canyon
p ᦔ,ᦗ span
ᦕ,ᦘ pan
r ရ,꩹ [1] [1] roughly like water (American English)
s [3] ᦉ,ᦌ sue
ʃ သျ shoe
t တ,ꩦ ᦎ,ᦑ stable
ထ,ꩧ,ꩪ,ꩩ ᦏ,ᦒ table
ts [3] ᦈ,ᦋ Betsy
tsʰ ၶျ cheese
θ [4] thing
v[5] ᦛ,ᦞ village
w[5] ᦛ,ᦞ way
x[2] ᦃ,ᦆ loch in Scottish English
z [4] zebra
ʔ ᦀ,ᦁ the catch in uh-oh
 
Tone
IPA Description
a
or
ā
mid [aː˧]
à low [a˨˩] or [a˩]
â falling [a˥˩] (Tai Lü only)
creaky falling [a̰˥˩] (Shan only)
á high [a˥]
ǎ rising [a˨˦] (Shan only)
a᷄ high rising [a˧˥] (Tai Lü only)
a᷅ lowing rising [a˩˧] (Tai Lü only)
مصوتs
IPA Shan New Tai Lü English approximation
Short vowels
a unmarked cut
e ေ,ဵ roughly like say
ɛ ႄ, ႅ roughly like bat
i happy
o ူဝ် go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ ေႃ, ွ lot
u ု, ူ loot (shorter)
ɯ
or
ɨ
ို good
ɤ
or
ə
ိူ ᦵᦲ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
ၢ, ႃ bra

حواشی[ترمیم]

  1. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ ث In foreign words
  2. ^ ا ب /kʰ/ and /x/ are in free variation.
  3. ^ ا ب Sometimes /s/ and /ts/ are used interchangeably.
  4. ^ ا ب In Burmese loanwords
  5. ^ ا ب /v/ and /w/ are in free variation