معاونت:بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد/نیپالی

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سانچہ:IPA key

Charts below show the way in which the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد represents نیپالی زبان pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ne}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Nepali phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Nepali.

Key[ترمیم]

حرف صحیحs
IPA Nepali Approximate English equivalent
b back
abhor
d the
without
ɖ[1] guard
ɖʱ adhere
dz adds
dzʱ Similar to hedgehog
ɡ grass
ɡʱ pigheaded
ɦ[1] head
k scan
can
l leaf
m much
n not
ŋ sing
ɲ champagne
ɳ No English equivalent, similar to burn
p span
naphtha
r[2] ring
s[3] sue
ʂ ship
ɕ Similar to ship
ts cats
tsʰ Similar to beachhead
t third
birth
ʈ party
ʈʰ town
w want
j yes
مصوتs
IPA Nepali Approximate English equivalent
a father
ʌ अ, अः cut
e may
i इ, ई happy
o sole
u boot
◌̃ nasal vowel faun
([ãː, õː], etc.)
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)
◌ː doubled vowel/consonant
(placed after vowel/consonant)

Notes[ترمیم]

  1. ^ ا ب Due to a process of h-deletion in some words, ɦ may be replaced by a retroflex flap [ɽ] if words are pronounced with long vowels e.g. [paaɽ] analyzed phonemically as [pʌɦaɖ]. Additionally, [ɽ] can occur if ɖ or ɖʱ are flapped in postvocalic position.
  2. /r/ is usually trilled [r] but may be tapped [[[:سانچہ:IPAplink]]] when in intervocalic position.
  3. /s/ phonetically may be either [s] or [[[:سانچہ:IPAplink]]].

Bibliography[ترمیم]

  • Masica، Colin (1991)، The Indo-Aryan Languages، Cambridge: Cambridge University Press، ISBN 978-0-521-29944-2 .
  • Hutt، Michael؛ Subedi، Abhi (1999)، Teach Yourself Nepali (اشاعت 2003۔)، McGraw-Hill، ISBN 978-0-07-142468-4 .
  • Acharya، Jayaraj (1991)، A Descriptive Grammar of Nepali and an Analyzed Corpus، Georgetown University Press، ISBN 0878400737