معاونت:بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد/آرامی

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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The charts below show the way in which the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد (IPA) represents آرامی زبان pronunciations.

حرف صحیحs
IPA Hebrew script Syriac script Example (Hebrew script) Syriac script English approximation
b בּ ܒ݁ בגדאד ܒܓܕܐܕ bet
v[1] ב ܒ݂ voice
d דּ ܕ݁‎ יומדם ܝܘܡܕܡ dark
ð[1] ד ܕ݂‎ חד ܚܕ this
g גּ ܓ݁ גאמא ܓܐܡܐ go
ɣ[1] ג ܓ݂ גלילא ܓܠܝܠܐ No English equivalent; like gate but pronounced low in the throat, like regardez (French word) (Pronunciation: [1])
h ה ܗ הלליא ܗܠܠܘܝܐ hen
ħ ח ܚ no English equivalent; like hen but with the tongue against the pharynx
j י ܝ יומדם ܝܘܡܕܡ yes
k כּ ܟ݁ הכנא ܗܟܢܐ skin
x[1] כ ܟ݂ Scottish loch
l ל ܠ לא ܠܐ left
m מ ܡ man
n נ ܢ no
p[1] פּ ܦ݁‎ spin
f[1] פ ܦ݂ בגדכפת ܒܓܕܟܦܬ fool
r ר ܪ Somewhat like run
s ס ܣ see
צ ܨ Like see, but emphatic
ʃ ש ܫ she
t תּ‎ ܬ݁‎ sting
θ[1] ת ܬ݂‎ thing
ט ܚ Like sting, but emphatic
w ו ܘ we
z ז ܙ zoo
ʔ א ܐ uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕ ע ܥ No English equivalent
Marginal consonants
[2] צׄ‎ ܨ̃, ܨ݁ ring
ðˤ/[2] טׄ‎ ܚ̰, ܚ݁ ring
[3] ג׳ ܓ̰ joy
ŋ נג ܢܓ ring
[3] כ׳ ܟ̰ chair
ʒ ז׳ ܫ̃, ̰ܫ, ܙ̃, ܙ̰ beige
مصوتs[4]
IPA Western Eastern English approximation
Monophthongs
a ܱܰ trap
ɑ ܳ father
e ܶ bed
ɛ ܶ they
i ܺ see
o ܳ own
u ܽ boot
Diphthongs
aj ܱܰܝ why
aw ܱܰܘ cow

حواشی[ترمیم]

  1. ^ ا ب پ ت ٹ ث ج When a letter is after a vowel, it is called "soft", the soft letters can be b (v), g (g), d (ð), k (x), p (f), t (θ), that is called Begadkefath (Bəgaðkefaθ).
  2. ^ ا ب Only used in Arabic loanwords and names.
  3. ^ ا ب The affricates [dʒ, tʃ]) are correctly written with ligature ties: [d͡ʒ, t͡ʃ]. The ties are omitted in transcriptions on Wikipedia (except in phonology articles), as they do not display correctly in all browsers.
  4. These are the vowels in Classical Syriac, they may vary according to the dialect.