معاونت:بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد/کنڑا

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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The charts below show the way in which the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد represents کنڑا زبان pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Kannada alphabet for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Kannada.

Pronunciation of Kannada letters[ترمیم]

کنڑا زبان دیوناگری تلفظ
[a]
[aː]
[i]
[iː]
[u]
[uː]
[rɨ]
[e]
एॅ [eː]
[eʲ]
[o]
[oː]
[oʷ]
ಅಂ अं [am]
ಅಃ अः [ah]
[k]
[kʰ]
[ɡ]
[ɡʱ]
[ŋ]
[tʃ]
[tʃʰ]
[dʒ]
[dʒʱ]
[ɲ]
[ʈ]
[ʈʰ]
[ɖ]
[ɖʱ]
[ɳ]
[t̪]
[t̪ʰ]
[d̪]
[d̪ʱ]
[n̪]
[p]
[pʰ]
[b]
[bʱ]
[m]
[j]
[r]
[l̪]
[ʋ]
[ç]
[ʂ]
[s]
[ħ]
[ɭ]

Structured consonants[ترمیم]

The structured consonants are classified according to where the tongue touches the palate of the mouth and are classified accordingly into five structured groups. These consonants are shown here with their سنسکرت حروف تہجی کی بین الاقوامی نقل حرفی transcriptions.

voiceless voiceless aspirate voiced voiced aspirate nasal
طبقی حروف صحیح (ka) (kha) (ga) (gha) (ṅa)
حنکی حروف صحیح (ca) (cha) (ja) (jha) (ña)
ہم مخرجی حروف صحیح (ṭa) (ṭha) (ḍa) (ḍha) (ṇa)
دندانی حروف صحیح (ta) (tha) (da) (dha) (na)
شفتی حروف صحیح (pa) (pha) (ba) (bha) (ma)

See place of articulation for more information on tongue positions.

Unstructured consonants[ترمیم]

The unstructured consonants are consonants that do not fall into any of the above structures:

(ya), (ra), (ṟa) (obsolete), (la), (va), (śa), (ṣa), (sa), (ha), (ḷa), (ḻ) (obsolete).

Vowel letters[ترمیم]

There are thirteen vowel letters (ಸ್ವರ svara).

Brahmi script, Kanheri Caves
Letter Diacritic ISO notation
N/A a
ā
ಿ i
ī
u
ū
e
ē
ai
o
ō
au

When a vowel follows a consonant, it is written with a diacritic rather than as a separate letter.

حواشی[ترمیم]