معاونت:بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد/مالٹی

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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The charts below show the way in which the بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد represents مالٹی زبان pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See مالٹی زبان for a more thorough look at the sounds of Maltese.

حرف صحیحs
بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد Example English approximation
b ballun boy
d dar duck
d͡z gazzetta pads
d͡ʒ ġelat jail
f fwieħa four
ɡ gallettina game
ħ ħadem somewhat like hat; Arabic ḥāʾ (ح)
j jum yes
k kelb scar
l libsa look
m mara mole
n nadif no
p paġna spat
r re real, better (American English)[1]
s saqaf sow
ʃ xadina shell
t tieqa stake
t͡s zokk sits
t͡ʃ ċavetta chew
v vaska vet
w warda wall
z żaqq zoo
ʔ Luqa RP button; Hebrew aleph (א)
مصوتs
بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد Example English approximation
a fatt cut
ɐː rani father
ɛ belt met
dehra like head, but longer
dik like bid, but longer
ɪ wisa bit
ɪː wied need
ɔ moħħ got (RP)
sod core
mur pool
ʊ kuntratt look
Diphthongs
بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد Example English approximation
għajn ,għid light
għid hate
għum code
øʊ/ø: ewwel code(RP English/eu/oeu in french
għawn how
bojod boy
Suprasegmentals
بین الاقوامی صوتیاتی ابجد Explanation
◌ˤ pharyngealised vowel
◌ː long vowel or geminate consonant;
consonants occur both long and short word-medially and word-finally
. ہجا break
ˈ stress

حواشی[ترمیم]

  1. The realization of the phoneme /r/ varies; some speakers pronounce it as an approximant [ɻ] virtually identical to that used for real in the western United States, while others pronounce it as a tap [ɾ], similar to the pronunciation of ⟨t⟩ and ⟨d⟩ between vowels in American and Australian English. When geminated, it may be pronounced as a lengthened approximant [ɻː], a tap [ɾ], or a trill [r].

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  • Hume، Elizabeth (1996). "Coronal consonant, front vowel parallels in Maltese". Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 14 (1): 163–203.