معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے افریکانز

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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حرف صحیحs
IPA Examples English approximation
b beet beet
d dak den
f fiets, ver fast
χ acht, weg loch (Scottish English)
ɦ had behind
j jas yard
k kat skin
l land land
m mens man
n nek neck
ŋ eng long
p pen, rib sport
r ras rolled r
s sok, zeep sock
t tak, had stop
v wang velvet
Marginal consonants
ʔ beëindig
[bəˈʔɛindəχ]
the catch in uh-oh!
ɡ goal[1] goal
ʃ sjabloon, chef shall
ʒ jury vision
Tsjechië
tjek
chat
Jakarta jump
Stress
ˈ vóórkomen
voorkómen
as in "battleship"
/ˈbætəlˌʃɪp/
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Checked vowels[2]
ɐ bad duck
ɛ bed bed
ɨ vis again
o bot roughly like go or British English saw
œ hut roughly like hug
Free vowels[2]
ɑː aap father
æː perd jazz
beet, ezel rhea
ɛː werk square (British English)
i diep deep
boot poor
ɔː môre law
y fuut roughly like cute
øə neus roughly like nurse
u hoed boot
ɛi byt may
œi buit house (Scottish English)
ɵu jou, dauw boat
ɐi baie price
ɑːi draai prize
iːu sneeu
ɔːi nooi boys
ə hemel again

حوالہ جات[ترمیم]

  1. /ɡ/ is not a native phoneme of Afrikaans and only occurs in loanwords, like goal or when /k/ is voiced, like in zakdoek [ˈzɐɡduk]. In Afrikaans it may occur as an allophone of /χ/.
  2. ^ ا ب The "checked" vowels /ɐ, ɛ, ɨ, o, œ/ occur only in closed syllables, while their "free" counterparts /ɑː, eə, i, oə, y/ can occur in open syllables (as can the other vowels). These two sets also go by the names dull/sharp, dim/clear, lax/tense, closed/open, or short/long. One of each pair is pronounced slightly longer by many speakers, so the terms long and short traditionally used to explain the use of doubled consonants and vowels in the orthographic system.