معاونت:بین الاقوامی اصواتی ابجدیہ برائے ماوری

آزاد دائرۃ المعارف، ویکیپیڈیا سے
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حرف صحیحs
IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
f Whakatane fat, what[1]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
m Māori moon
n nā note
ŋ Ngaruawahia sung
p Paraparaumu spy
ɾ Te Reo American butter, Scottish r
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ Mark placed before the stressed syllable.[2]
مصوتs
IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
Māori father
a Aotearoa Spanish casa, cup
ɛː tēnā koe As below but longer; RP bared
ɛ Te Reo bed, NZ English bad
kīanga meet
i iwi city
ɔː tēnā kōrua law
ɔ Oamaru for
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe NZ, Calif. English dude
ʉ Te Urewera As above but shorter; like took, but closer/higher
Diphthongs
Diphthongs are /ae, ai, ao, au, oi, oe, ou/.
/ae, ai/ are approximately like English my, might;
/ao, au/ like now, house; /oe/ like boy, moe; /ou/ like snow.

Notes[ترمیم]

  1. Māori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (for those without the wine-whine merger; New Zealand English has the merger). However, in contemporary Māori the most common pronunciation is [f], while the voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] or 'Japanese f', deemed by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant – an unsupported claim –, is rarer.
  2. Stress falls on the first long vowel; otherwise on the first diphthong; otherwise on the first syllable—though never further than the 4th vowel from the end of the word, with long vowels and diphthongs counting double.