↑Gates، Charles (2003). "Near Eastern, Egyptian, and Aegean Cities"، Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome. Routledge. صفحہ 18. ISBN0-415-01895-1. Jericho, in the Jordan River Valley in Palestine, inhabited from ca. 9000 BC to the present day, offers important evidence for the earliest permanent settlements in the Near East.